Text Functions

This section contains descriptions of the Text functions.

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Иловакунӣ - Функтсия - Категория Матн


Using double quotation marks in formulas

To include a text string in a formula, place the text string between two double quotation marks (") and Calc takes the characters in the string without attempting to interpret them. For example, the formula ="Hello world!" displays the text string Hello world! in the cell, with no surrounding double quotation marks.

The more complex formula =CONCATENATE("Life is really simple, "; "but we insist on making it complicated "; "(Confucius).") concatenates three individual strings in double quotation marks, outputting Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated (Confucius).

To place a literal double quotation mark within a string inside a formula, two methods can be used:

  1. You can "escape" the double quotation mark with an additional double quotation mark, and Calc treats the escaped double quotation mark as a literal value. For example, the formula ="My name is ""John Doe""." outputs the string My name is "John Doe". Another simple example is the formula =UNICODE("""") which returns 34, the decimal value of the Unicode quotation mark character (U+0022) — here the first and fourth double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of the string, while the second double quotation mark escapes the third.

  2. You can use the CHAR function or the UNICHAR function to insert a double quotation mark. For example, the formula =UNICHAR(34) & "The Catcher in the Rye" & UNICHAR(34) & " is a famous book by J. D. Salinger." displays the string "The Catcher in the Rye" is a famous book by J. D. Salinger.

Beware that Calc's AutoCorrect function may modify double quotation marks. AutoCorrect should not change the double quotation marks within formula cells but may change those used in non-formula cells containing text. For example, if you copy a string that is surrounded by some other form of typographical double quotation marks, such as the left double quotation mark (U+201C) and the right double quotation mark (U+201D), and then paste into a formula cell, an error may result. Open the Double Quotes area of the Tools - AutoCorrect Options - Localized Options dialog to set the characters used to automatically correct the start and end typographical double quotation marks. Uncheck the Replace toggle button to disable the feature.

ARABIC

Returns the numeric value corresponding to a Roman number expressed as text.

ASC

Converts double-byte (full-width) characters to single-byte (half-width) ASCII and katakana characters.

JIS

Converts single-byte (half-width) ASCII or katakana characters to double-byte (full-width) characters.

REGEX

Matches and extracts or optionally replaces text using regular expressions.

ROMAN

Converts a number into a Roman numeral. The value range must be between 0 and 3999. A simplification mode can be specified in the range from 0 to 4.

VALUE

Converts the string representation of a number to numeric form. If the supplied string is a valid date, time, or date-time, the corresponding date-time serial number is returned.

WEBSERVICE

Get some web content from a URI.

FILTERXML

Apply a XPath expression to a XML document.

ENCODEURL

Returns a URL-encoded string.

BAHTTEXT

Рақамро бо ҳарфҳои Тайи менависад бо иловаи арз.

Syntax

BAHTTEXT(Number)

Number ягон рақам. "Baht" ба қисми бутуни рақам ва "Satang" ба қисми касрии рақам ҳамроҳ карда мешаванд.

Example

BAHTTEXT(12.65) сатрро ба забони Тайи, ки маънои "Дувоздаҳ Баҳт ва шасту панҷ сатанг"ро дорад.

Technical information

This function is not part of the Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) Version 1.3. Part 4: Recalculated Formula (OpenFormula) Format standard. The name space is

COM.MICROSOFT.BAHTTEXT

BASE

Converts a positive integer to a specified base into a text from the numbering system. The digits 0-9 and the letters A-Z are used.

Syntax

BASE(Number; Radix [; MinimumLength])

number рақами мусбат, ки табдил дода мешавад.

Radix indicates the base of the numeral system. It may be any positive integer between 2 and 36.

Minimum length (ихтиёрӣ) дарозии хурдтарини давомнокии рамзҳоро муайян месозад. Агар матн аз ин рақам хурд бошад, онгоҳ сифрҳо дар чапи он илова карда мешаванд.

Example

BASE(17;10;4) натиҷа 0017 дар ченаки даҳҳӣ.

BASE(17;2) натиҷа 10001 дар системаи дуӣ (бинарӣ).

BASE(255;16;4) натиҷа 00FF дар системаи шонздаҳӣ.

See also

DECIMAL

CHAR

Рақамро ба ҳарф табдил медиҳад мувофиқи ҷадвали код. Рақам бояд ду ё серақама бошад.

Codes greater than 127 may depend on your system's character mapping (for example iso-8859-1, iso-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), and hence may not be portable.

Syntax

YEAR(рақам)

numberрақам аз 1 то 255, ки коди ҳарфро ифода мекунад.

Example

CHAR(100) натиҷа "d".

="abc" & CHAR(10) & "def" inserts a newline character into the string.

CLEAN

Ҳама рамзҳои чопнашаванда аз сатр бароварда мешаванд.

Syntax

CLEAN("Text")

text матн.

Example

=LEN(CLEAN(CHAR(7) & "LibreOffice Calc" & CHAR(8))) returns 16, showing that the CLEAN function removes the non-printable Unicode U+0007 ("BEL") and U+0008 ("BS") characters at the beginning and end of the string argument. CLEAN does not remove spaces.

CODE

Коди рақамии рамзи аввали матнро бармегардонад.

Syntax

CODE("Text")

Text матн.

Codes greater than 127 may depend on your system's character mapping (for example iso-8859-1, iso-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), and hence may not be portable.

Example

CODE("Hieronymus") натиҷа 72, CODE("hieroglyphic") натиҷа 104.

note

Коди дар ин ҷой истифодашуда ба ASCII дахл надорад, балки ба коди истифодашудаистода.


CONCATENATE

Якчанд сатрро якҷоя мекунад.

Syntax

CONCATENATE(String 1 [; String 2 [; … [; String 255]]])

String 1[; String 2][; … ;[String 255]] are strings or references to cells containing strings.

Example

CONCATENATE("Субҳ ";"Бахайр ";"Хонум. ";"Моҳира") натиҷа Субҳ Бахайр Хонум Моҳира.

DECIMAL

Converts text that represents a number in a numeral system with the given base radix to a positive integer. The radix must be in the range 2 to 36. Spaces and tabs are ignored. The Text field is not case-sensitive.

If the radix is 16, a leading x or X or 0x or 0X, and an appended h or H, are disregarded. If the radix is 2, an appended b or B is disregarded. Other characters that do not belong to the numeral system generate an error.

Syntax

DECIMAL("Text"; Radix)

Text is the text to be converted.

Radix indicates the base of the numeral system. It may be any positive integer between 2 and 36.

Example

DECIMAL("17";10) натиҷа 17.

DECIMAL("FACE";16) натиҷа 64206.

DECIMAL("0101";2) натиҷа 5.

See also

BASE

DOLLAR

Converts a number to a string representing the amount in the currency format, rounded to a specified decimal places, using the decimal separator that corresponds to the current locale setting. In the Value field enter the number to be converted. Optionally, you may enter the number of decimal places in the Decimals field. If no value is specified, all numbers in currency format will be displayed with two decimal places.

Формати арзиро дар системаатон ҷӯр созед.

Syntax

DOLLAR(Value [; Decimals])

valueрақам, шавола ба чашмак, ки рақами табдилшаванда дорад.

decimals рақами ихтиёрии баъдикасрӣ.

Example

=DOLLAR(255) returns $255.00 for the English (USA) locale and USD (dollar) currency; ¥255.00 for the Japanese locale and JPY (yen) currency; or 255,00 € for the German (Germany) locale and EUR (euro) currency.

=DOLLAR(367.456;2) returns $367.46.

EXACT

Ду матнро санҷида ҲАҚҚОНӢ бармегардонад агар онҳо якхела бошанд. Ин фуктсия ҳарфҳои хурду калонро фарқ мекунад.

Syntax

EXACT("Text1"; "Text2")

text_1 матни аввал.

text_2 матни дуюм.

Example

EXACT("Sun microsystems";"Sun Microsystems") натиҷа ҚАЛБАКӢ.

FIND

Returns the position of a string of text within another string.You can also define where to begin the search. The search term can be a number or any string of characters. The search is case-sensitive.

Syntax

FIND("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

find_text матни ёфтшаванда.

text матни ҷустуҷӯшаванда.

position (ихтиёрӣ) мавқеи сар кардани ҷустуҷӯ.

Example

FIND(76;998877665544) натича 6.

FIXED

Returns a number as text with a specified number of decimal places and optional thousands separators.

Syntax

FIXED(Number; [Decimals = 2 [; NoThousandsSeparators = FALSE]])

Number is rounded to Decimals places (after the decimal separator) and the result formatted as text, using locale-specific settings.

Decimals (optional) refers to the number of decimal places to be displayed. If Decimals is negative, Number is rounded to ABS(Decimals) places to the left from the decimal point. If Decimals is a fraction, it is truncated actually ignoring what is the closest integer.

NoThousandsSeparators (optional) determines whether the thousands separator is used. If it is TRUE or non-zero, then group separators are omitted from the resulting string. If the parameter is equal to 0 or if it is missing altogether, the thousands separators of your current locale setting are displayed.

Example

FIXED(1234567.89;3) натиҷа 1,234,567.890 ҳамчун сатри матнӣ.

=FIXED(123456.789;;TRUE) returns 123456.79 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.6789;-2) returns 12,300 as a text string.

=FIXED(12134567.89;-3;1) returns 12135000 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;3/4) returns 12,346 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;8/5) returns 12,345.8 as a text string.

LEFT

Returns the first character or characters of a text.

Syntax

LEFT("Text" [; Number])

text матн.

Number (ихтиёрӣ) шумораи рамзҳо аз аввал.

Example

LEFT("output";3) натиҷа out.

LEFTB

Returns the first characters of a DBCS text.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

LEFTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text where the initial partial words are to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want LEFTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Example

=LEFTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

=LEFTB("中国";2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=LEFTB("中国";3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one DBCS character and a half; the last character returned is therefore a space character).

=LEFTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=LEFTB("office";3) returns "off" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

LEN

Дарозии сатрро бо холигиҳо медиҳад.

Syntax

LEN("Text")

text матн.

Example

LEN("Good Afternoon") натиҷа 14.

LEN(12345.67) натиҷа 8.

LENB

For double-byte character set (DBCS) languages, returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

LENB("Text")

text матн.

Example

LENB("中") returns 2 (1 DBCS character consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("中国") returns 4 (2 DBCS characters each consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("office") returns 6 (6 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

=LENB("Good Afternoon") returns 14.

=LENB(12345.67) returns 8.

LOWER

Ҳама ҳарфҳои калонро ба хурд табдил медиҳад.

Syntax

LOWER("Text")

text матн.

Example

RIGHT("Sun";2) натиҷа un.

MID

Returns a text string of a text. The parameters specify the starting position and the number of characters.

Syntax

MID("Text"; Start; Number)

text матн.

startмавқеъ.

number шумораи рамзҳо.

Example

MID("Sun Microsystems";5;5) натиҷа Micro.

MIDB

Returns a text string of a DBCS text. The parameters specify the starting position and the number of characters.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

MIDB("Text"; Start; Number_bytes)

text матн.

Start is the position of the first character in the text to extract.

Number_bytes specifies the number of characters MIDB will return from text, in bytes.

Example

=MIDB("中国";1;0) returns "" (0 bytes is always an empty string).

=MIDB("中国";1;1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and therefore the result is a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=MIDB("中国";1;3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one and a half DBCS character; the last byte results in a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=MIDB("中国";2;1) returns " " (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; 1 space character is returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;2) returns " " (byte position 2 points to the last half of the first character in the DBCS string; the 2 bytes asked for therefore constitutes the last half of the first character and the first half of the second character in the string; 2 space characters are therefore returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;3) returns " 国" (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; a space character is returned for byte position 2).

=MIDB("中国";3;1) returns " " (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, but 1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is therefore returned instead).

=MIDB("中国";3;2) returns "国" (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, and 2 bytes constitute one DBCS character).

=MIDB("office";2;3) returns "ffi" (byte position 2 is at the beginning of a character in a non-DBCS string, and 3 bytes of a non-DBCS string constitute 3 characters).

PROPER

Ҳарфи аваали ҳар калимаро калон мегардонад.

Syntax

PROPER("Text")

text матн.

Example

=PROPER("the document foundation") returns The Document Foundation.

REPLACE

Replaces part of a text string with a different text string. This function can be used to replace both characters and numbers (which are automatically converted to text). The result of the function is always displayed as text. If you intend to perform further calculations with a number which has been replaced by text, you will need to convert it back to a number using the VALUE function.

Матни рақамдоштаро дар нохунак гиред, то кӣ рақам ба матн табдил наёбад.

Syntax

REPLACE("Text"; Position; Length; "NewText")

Text матни қисмаш ивазшаванда.

position мавқеъи ивазкунӣ.

length шумораи рамзҳои ивазшавандаи матн.

new text матни нав, ки ба матни ивазшаванда дохил мешавад .

Example

REPLACE("1234567";1;1;"444") натиҷа "444234567". Як рамз дар ҷаи 1 бо матни нав пурра иваз мешавад.

REPT

Сатрро ба шумораи додашуда такрор мекунад .

Syntax

REPT("Text"; Number)

text матни ивазшаванда.

number шумораи такроркунӣ.

Example

REPT("Good morning"; 2) натиҷаGood morningGood morning.

tip

Refer to the REPT wiki page for more details about this function.


RIGHT

Returns the last character or characters of a text.

Syntax

RIGHT("Text" [; Number])

textматн.

Number (optional) is the number of characters from the right part of the text. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Example

RIGHT("Sun";2) натиҷа un.

RIGHTB

Returns the last character or characters of a text with double bytes characters sets (DBCS).

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

RIGHTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text of which the right part is to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one byte is returned.

Example

RIGHTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

RIGHTB("中国";2) returns "国" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

RIGHTB("中国";3) returns " 国" (3 bytes constitute one half DBCS character and one whole DBCS character; a space is returned for the first half).

RIGHTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

RIGHTB("office";3) returns "ice" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

SEARCH

Returns the position of a text segment within a character string. You can set the start of the search as an option. The search text can be a number or any sequence of characters. The search is not case-sensitive. If the text is not found, returns error 519 (#VALUE).

The search supports wildcards or regular expressions. With regular expressions enabled, you can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must either precede every character with a "\" character, or enclose the text into \Q...\E. You can switch the automatic evaluation of wildcards or regular expression on and off in - LibreOffice Calc - Calculate.

warning

When using functions where one or more arguments are search criteria strings that represents a regular expression, the first attempt is to convert the string criteria to numbers. For example, ".0" will convert to 0.0 and so on. If successful, the match will not be a regular expression match but a numeric match. However, when switching to a locale where the decimal separator is not the dot makes the regular expression conversion work. To force the evaluation of the regular expression instead of a numeric expression, use some expression that can not be misread as numeric, such as ".[0]" or ".\0" or "(?i).0".


Syntax

SEARCH("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

find_text матни ҷустуҷӯшаванда.

text Матне, ки дар он ҷустуҷӯ гузаронида мешавад.

position (ихтиёрӣ) мавқеи оғози ҷустуҷӯ.

Example

SEARCH(54;998877665544) натиҷа 10.

SUBSTITUTE

Сатри навро ба қисми матни кӯҳна иваз месозад.

Syntax

SUBSTITUTE("Text"; "SearchText"; "NewText" [; Occurrence])

text матне, ки дар он қисмаш иваз карда мешавад.

search_text сегменти матн, ки иваз карда мешавад.

new text матне, ки гузошта мешавад.

пайдоиш (ихтиёрӣ) муайян месозад, ки кадом пайдоиши матни чустуҷӯ иваз карда шавад. Агар ин параметр гузошта нашуда бошад, онгоҳ саросар иваз карда мешавад.

Example

SUBSTITUTE("123123123"; "3"; "abc") натиҷа 12abc12abc12abc.

SUBSTITUTE("123123123"; "3"; "abc"; 2) натиҷа 12312abc123.

T

This function returns the target text, or a blank text string if the target is not text.

Syntax

T(Value)

If Value is a text string or refers to a text string, T returns that text string; otherwise it returns a blank text string.

Example

T(12345) натиҷа сатри холӣ "".

T("12345") натиҷа сатри 12345.

TEXT

Converts a value into text according to a given format.

Syntax

TEXT(Value; Format)

Value is the value (numerical or textual) to be converted.

Format формат.

Example

=TEXT(12.34567;"###.##") returns the text 12.35

=TEXT(12.34567;"000.00") returns the text 012.35

=TEXT("xyz";"=== @ ===") returns the text === xyz ===

tip

See also Number format codes: custom format codes defined by the user.


TRIM

Холигиҳоро аз матнро кӯр карда, танҳо як холигӣ миёни калимаҳо мегузорад.

Syntax

TRIM("Text")

Text refers to text in which spaces are to be removed.

Example

=TRIM(" hello world ") returns hello world without leading and trailing spaces and with single space between words.

UNICHAR

Converts a code number into a Unicode character or letter.

Syntax

UNICHAR(number)

Example

=UNICHAR(169) returns the Copyright character ©.

tip

See also the UNICODE() function.


UNICODE

Коди рақамии рамзи аввали матнро бармегардонад.

Syntax

UNICODE("Text")

Example

=UNICODE("©") returns the Unicode number 169 for the Copyright character.

tip

See also the UNICHAR() function.


UPPER

Сатри дар майдониtext бударо ба ҳарфи калон табдил медиҳад.

Syntax

UPPER("Text")

textматн, ки дар он амал иҷро мешавад.

Example

UPPER("Good Morning") натиҷа GOOD MORNING.

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