LibreOffice 24.2 Help
The quotation marks in the examples are used to emphasize text and do not belong to the content of the formulas and commands.
Lawishshu afirimala Hajajote xullaallo giddo attammanni woyite, halaalaancho gano heedhanno gede assate foonqe woma'nka woyite heera hasiissannota wodanchi.
Braces "{}" are used to group expressions together to form one new expression. For example, sqrt {x * y} is the square root of the entire product x*y, while sqrt x * y is the square root of x multiplied by y. Braces do not require an extra space.
Set brackets were previously inserted in the Elements pane or directly in the Commands window as "left lbrace <?> right rbrace". Now, a left and a right set bracket can also be inserted using "lbrace" and "rbrace", with or without wildcards.
There are a total of eight (8) different types of brackets available. The "ceil" and "floor" brackets are often used for rounding up or down the argument to the next integer: lceil -3.7 rceil = -3 or lfloor -3.7 rfloor = -4.
Operator brackets, also known as Bra-kets (angle brackets with a vertical line in between), are common in Physics notation: langle a mline b rangle or langle a mline b mline c over d mline e rangle. The height and positioning of the vertical lines always corresponds exactly to the enclosing brackets.
Baalanti gomboota waaxote calla horoonsi'nanni. Gombootu gama gutu ikkito afidhino:
Baalunku dani gambooti "{}" gombora xawinsoonni gede mittu gari gaamote assishsha afidhino.
Baalunku dani gombooti, leeltannoreno mitteenni, mullicho gaamote xawishsha fajjitanno. Konni daafira qoqqowamino xawishshi mullicho ikkara dandaanno yaate.
Brackets do not adjust their size to the enclosed expression. For example, if you want ( a over b ) with a bracket size adjusted to a and b you must insert "left" and "right". Entering left(a over b right) produces appropriate sizing. If, however, the brackets themselves are part of the expression whose size is changed, they are included the size change: size 3(a over b) and size 12(a over b). The sizing of the bracket-to-expression ratio does not change in any way.
"gura" nna "qiniitit" gombonnita baxxitino gaamo ikkasi buuxi geeshsha,baalunkuyiti mitte mittenti gombo tenne lamente hajajora tidhote gede assine horoonsira dandiinanni, qiniitiidi gombo guraanni qolle worriha nafa ikkiro,woy guraayidi gombo qiniiteenni worriha ikkiro yaate. Gombote bayicho "none" xawisannoha horoonsira dandaato, yaanno gombote gombono di-leellishanno qoleno foonqeno digattanno. Tenne horoonsiratenni ,konni woroonni noo xawishsha kalaqa dandaatto:
left lbrace x right none
left [ x right )
left ] x right [
left rangle x right lfloor
Wole gombonte gede mittu gari wodho "gurara" nna "qiniitir" loosiinsanni: qolteno gaamo kalaqqannore ikkite loossanno miteekkiteno mullicho xawishshano gaangeessitannoreno ikka dandiitanno.
Mimmitu ledo xaaddannokki gombooti karsi, shallagote afirimali giddo mitticho gombonna guranna qiniiteenni qolatenni bayicho soorrinoonni gombo kalaqama rosantinote. Konni woroonni noo afirimali attammi woyite kalaqino so'rooti:
[2, 3) - qiniite fanamino badooshsheeti
Using "left" and "right" makes the above expression valid in LibreOffice Math: left [2, 3 right ). However, the brackets do not have any fixed size because they adjust to the argument. Setting a single bracket is a bit cumbersome. Therefore, there you can display single brackets with a fixed size by placing a "\" (backslash) in front of normal brackets. These brackets then act like any other symbol and no longer have the special functionality of brackets; that is they do not work as group builders and their orientation corresponds to that of other symbols. See size *2 \langle x \rangle and size *2 langle x rangle.
Wo'mu illachisi konni woroonni nooha lawannoho
\{ woy \lmartgombo, \} woy \rmartgombo
\(, \)
\[, \]
\langle, \rangle
\lceil, \rceil
\lfloor, \rfloor
\lline, \rline
\ldline, \rdline
Konni garinni, mereeri badooshshinsa aliidiri giddo mittu gede LibreOffice Shallago giddo mittu qarri nookkiha kalaqa dandiinanni: \[2", "3\) woy "\]2", "3\[ (Macciishsha: Maqishshu malaati eote giddo mitte kifileeti.)
Maqishshu malaate eessinannihunna afi'nannihu Shift+2 ledo ikkinota ikkinina attamme fushshinani maqishshi malaati gede ikkinokkita huwata noohe. Xaphi assiniro, addi addihu borrote malaati (tenne borrora xawinsi garinni bicammete malaate labbannori yaate) borrote gede qineessantanno. Ikkihano ikkeenna "\[2,~3\)" nafa attama dandiinirono aliidi doorshi doodhinanniho. Sai lawishshira, "soorramannokki bikki" horoonsi'nanni borrangichi kaiminni aye woteno gombote bikka xawisanno.
Nesting groups within each other is relatively problem-free. In the formula hat "{a + b}" the "hat" is displayed simply over the center of "{a + b}". Also, color red lceil a rceil and grave hat langle x * y rangle work as expected. The result of the latter can be compared to grave {hat langle x * y rangle}. These attributes do not compete, but rather can be combined.
This differs slightly for competing or mutually influencing attributes. This is often the case with font attributes. For example, which color does the b have in color yellow color red (a + color green b), or which size does it have in size *4 (a + size /2 b)? Given a base size of 12, does it have the size 48, 6 or even 24 (which could be seen as a combination)? The following are basic resolution rules, which will be followed consistently in the future. In general, the rules apply to all group operations. This only has a visible effect on the font attributes, like "bold", "ital", "phantom", "size", "color" and "font":
Group operations in sequence are treated as if every single operation is enclosed by braces. They are nested, and in every level there can be no more than one operation. Here is an example of a formula with many group operations:
size 12 color red font sans size -5 (a + size 8 b)" like "{size 12{color red{font sans{size -5 (a + {size 8 b})}}}}.
Kuni lawishshu afirimalira tiro uyinannihu guranni qiniite qolleeti. Assootu umisita mimmitu ledo xaado heleelanno (woy xawishshasi heleelanno).Qiniitiidi assootu hakki sairo "riqiwi" woy "mimmitosi karsiisanno" umisinni balaxxinore.
A group operation does not have any effect on higher-level operations but rather affects only lower-level groups and expressions, including their brackets and super-/subscripts. For example,
a + size *2 (b * size -8 c_1)^2
"kuula ..." nna "boraangichu ..." hattono "bikka n" (n tonnishshu mini) mittu daniha balaxino assoote riqiwanno
"bikka +n", "bikka -n", "bikka *n", hattono "bikka /n" assooti heleelle karsantanno,
size *2 size -5 a would be double the starting size minus 5
font sans ( a + font serif b)
size *2 ( a + size /2 b )
To change the size of a formula, use "size +" or -,*,/. Do not use "size n". These can easily be used in any context. This enables you to copy to other areas by using Copy and Paste, and the result remains the same. Furthermore, such expressions survive a change of base size in the menu better than when using "size n". If you use only size * and size / (for example, size *1.24 a or size /0.86 a) the proportions remain intact.
Lawishsha (mashalaqqishaancho 12 nna 50% bikkita
Exactly identical proportions with size 18 a_n and size *1.5 a_n.
This differs in different contexts: x^{size 18 a_n} and x^{size *1.5 a_n}
Examples with size +n for a comparison. They look identical:
a_{size 8 n}
a_{size +2 n}
a_{size *1.333 n}
Konni woroonni noo lawishshi, ikkollana, mimmito dilabbanno:
x^{a_{size 8 n}}
x^{a_{size +2 n}}
x^{a_{size *1.333 n}}
All n here have different sizes. The size 1.333 results from 8/6, the desired size divided by the default index size 6. (Index size 50% with a base size of 12)