Teessuwa nna Maqishuwa, Coi'tte nna Rileive

Cell references

An individual cell is fully identified by the sheet it belongs, the column identifier (letter) located along the top of the columns and a row identifier (number) found along the left-hand side of the spreadsheet. On spreadsheets read from left to right, the complete reference for the upper left cell of the sheet is Sheet.A1.

Cell ranges

You can reference a set of cells by referencing them in ranges. Ranges can be a block of cells, entire set of columns and entire set of rows. The range A1:B2 is the first four cells in the upper left corner of the sheet. Range A:E contains all the cells of column A, B, C, D and E. Range 2:5 contains all the cells of row 2, 3, 4 and 5.

The reference to a cell of another document contains the fully qualified name of the other document between single quotes ('), then a hash #, then the name of the sheet of the other document, followed by a period and the name or reference of the cell.

For example, .


The path and document name URI must always be enclosed in single quotes. If the name contains single quotes (') they must be escaped using two single quotes (''). Only a sheet name may not be quoted if it does not contain a space or a character that would be an operator or the name would be pure numeric (for example, '123' must be quoted).

Maqishshu loosaasine

Kuri loosaasine bisiccote hakka geeshsha zeero, mitte woy roore bisiccuwara qoltanno.

Hakka geeshshi jawa balaxo, xaadooshshenna goofimarchu mittimma afidhino.





Hakka geeshsha

A1:C108, A:D or 3:13




Xaadooshshu giddo baala bisiccuwa ledo shallaganno; konni lawishshi giddo, gumu gumma bisiccuwa B5 nna B6 ledooti.


Xaadooshshe woy mittimma

Takes two references and returns a reference list, which is a concatenation of the left reference followed by the right reference. Double entries are referenced twice.

=COUNT(A1:B2~B2:C3) counts values of A1:B2 and B2:C3. Note that the cell B2 is counted twice.

=INDEX(A1:B2~C1:D2;2;1;2) selects cell C2, that is, the first cell of the second row, first column, of the second range (C1:D2) of the range list.


A reference list is not allowed inside an array expression.

Riletivetenni iillishanni

A caccafo giddo noo bisicco, 1 hawiittimma A1 gede teessantanno. Umo qarqaru aliidi gura bisicco xaaddimmo eessite mimmito aantanno bisiccuwa hakkigeeshsho teessiisa dandaatto, hakkunni gedensaanni woriidi qiniiti bisicco xaaddimmonni ledote malaate eessatenniino teessiisa dandaatto. Lawishshaho, umi shoole bisiccuwanni aliidi qiniiti cawera kalaqantanno goodeessaame A1:B2 gede teessantanno.

Qarqara tenne doogonni teessiisatenni, rileetive maqishsha A1:B2ra loosiissaanootto. Konniicho Riletive ya afi'rimalla hinkiilattowoyite kunni qarqari maqishshi umisinni rageessamnno.

co'itte iillishanni

Absolute referencing is the opposite of relative addressing. A dollar sign is placed before each letter and number in an absolute reference, for example, $A$1:$B$2.


LibreOffice can convert the current reference, in which the cursor is positioned in the input line, from relative to absolute and vice versa by pressing F4. If you start with a relative address such as A1, the first time you press this key combination, both row and column are set to absolute references ($A$1). The second time, only the row (A$1), and the third time, only the column ($A1). If you press the key combination once more, both column and row references are switched back to relative (A1)

LibreOffice Calc shows the references to a formula. If, for example, you click the formula =SUM(A1:C5;D15:D24) in a cell, the two referenced areas in the sheet will be highlighted in color. For example, the formula component "A1:C5" may be in blue and the cell range in question bordered in the same shade of blue. The next formula component "D15:D24" can be marked in red in the same way.

Rileetive nna co'itte maqishshuwa horons'iratto yanna

Rileetive maqishsha mayi badanno? E1 bisiccora A1:B2 hakkigeeshsho giddo bisiccuwate ledo shallgga hasirittoro. E1 giddo eessate afi'rimalu: =SUM(A1:B2) ikkanno. Gedenoonni caccafo A albaanni haaro caccafo eessa hasirittoro, lada hasirootto miilla B1:C2 ikkitanna afi'rimalu E1 giddo ikkikkinni F1 giddo ofollanno. Haaro caccafo surkitto gedensaanni afi'rimalla baala shittete giddo buuxanna taashsha hasiisannohe, hattono wole shitte giddo.

Konne LibreOffice loosannohe. Haaro caccafo A surkitto gedensaanni , =SUM(A1:B2) afi'rimali umisinni=SUM(B1:C2) wido soorramanno. Haaro haawiittimma 1 surkittoro haawiittimmate kiiro umisenni biddeessantanno. Maqishshu darggi milleessamiro co'ittenna rileetive maqishuwa LibreOffice Calc giddo rageessamantanno. Kaayinnilla afi'rimala hinkiiltanni noottoro co'itte maqishsha ikkikkinni rileetive calla rageessamantannohura qoropha hasiisannohe.

Co'itte maqishshuwa horonsi'nannihu shallaggu shittete giddo baxxino bisicci aana loosansamannowoyiteeti. Tenne bisicco afi'rimali orijinaale bisicco woriidi bisiccora hinkiilamanno, bisiccote xaaddimmo co'ittete gede tira hoogittoro maqishshunno wororritte millisanno.

Wole haawiittimmanna caccafuwa surkantannowooyite, afi'rimalu maqishshuwano soorrantanno. =SUM(A1:A9) afi'rimala 10 haawiittimma giddo surkittoro. Qiniiteenni noo caccafora lexxo shallagga hasirittoro, konne afi'rimala caccafu qiniite widooonni hinkiili. B caccafo giddo noohu hinkiilamino afi'rimali =SUM(B1:B9) wido rageessamanno.

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