# Коды числовых форматов

Number format codes can consist of up to four sections separated by a semicolon (;).

1. In a number format code with two sections, the first section applies to positive values and zero, and the second section applies to negative values.

2. In a number format code with three sections, the first section applies to positive values, the second section to negative values, and the third section to the value zero.

3. You can also assign conditions to the three sections, so that the format is only applied if a condition is met.

4. Fourth section applies if the content is not a value, but some text. Content is represented by an at sign (@).

## Decimal Places and Significant Digits

Use zero (0), the number sign (#) or the question mark (?) as placeholders in your number format code to represent numbers. The # only displays significant digits, while the 0 displays zeroes if there are fewer digits in the number than in the number format. The ? works as the # but adds a space character to keep decimal alignment if there is a hidden non-significant zero.

Use question marks (?), zeroes (0) or number signs (#) to represent the number of digits to include in the numerator and the denominator of a fraction. Fractions that do not fit the pattern that you define are displayed as floating point numbers.

If a number contains more digits to the right of the decimal delimiter than there are placeholders in the format, the number is rounded accordingly. If a number contains more digits to the left of the decimal delimiter than there are placeholders in the format, the entire number is displayed. Use the following list as a guide for using placeholders when you create a number format code:

Заполнители

Explanation

#

Does not display extra zeros.

?

Displays space characters instead of extra zeros.

0 (Zero)

Displays extra zeros if the number has less places than zeros in the format.

### Примеры

Number Format

Код формата

3456,78 как 3456,8

####.#

9,9 как 9,900

#.000

13 как 13,0 и 1234,567 как 1234,57

#.0#

5,75 как 5 3/4 и 6,3 как 6 3/10

# ???/???

,5 как 0,5

0.##

,5 как 0,5 (два дополнительных пробела в конце)

0.???

### Разделитель разрядов

Depending on your language setting, you can use a comma, a period or a blank as a thousands separator. You can also use the separator to reduce the size of the number that is displayed by a multiple of 1000 for each separator. The examples below use comma as thousands separator:

Number Format

Код формата

15000 как 15 000

#,###

16000 как 16

#,

## Including Text in Number Format Codes

### Text and Numbers

To include text in a number format that is applied to a cell containing numbers, place a double quotation mark (") in front of and behind the text, or a backslash (\) before a single character. For example, enter #.# "meters" to display "3.5 meters" or #.# \m to display "3.5 m". If you use space as thousands separator, you need to insert spaces between quotes in the previous examples: #.#" meters" or #.#\ \m to get the correct result.

### Text and Text

To include text in a number format that is applied to a cell that might contain text, enclose the text by double quotation marks (" "), and then add an at sign (@). For example, enter "Total for "@ to display "Total for December".

### Пробелы

To use a character to define the width of a space in a number format, type an underscore (_) followed by the character. The width of the space varies according to the width of the character that you choose. For example, _M creates a wider space than _i.

To fill free space with a given character, use an asterisk (*) followed by this character. For instance:

*\0

will display integer value (0) preceded by as many as needed backslash characters (\) to fill column width. For accounting representation, you may left align currency symbol with a format similar to:

\$_-* 0.--;\$-* 0.--;\$_-* -

## Цвет

To set the color of a section of a number format code, insert one of the following color names in square brackets [ ]:

 CYAN GREEN BLACK BLUE MAGENTA RED WHITE YELLOW

## Условия

### Conditional Brackets

You can define a number format so that it only applies when the condition that you specify is met. Conditions are enclosed by square brackets [ ].

You can use any combination of numbers and the <, <=, >, >=, = and <> operators.

For example, if you want to apply different colors to different temperature data, enter:

[BLUE][<0]#.0 "°C";[RED][>30]#.0 "°C";[BLACK]#.0 "°C"

All temperatures below zero are blue, temperatures between 0 and 30 °C are black, and temperatures higher than 30 °C are red.

### Positive and Negative Numbers

To define a number format that adds a different text to a number depending on if the number is positive, negative, or equal to zero, use the following format:

"plus" 0;"minus" 0;"null" 0

## Percentages, Scientific Notation and Fraction Representation

### Percentages

To display numbers as percentages, add the percent sign (%) to the number format.

### Научная запись

Scientific notation lets you write very large numbers or very small fractions in a compact form. For example, in scientific notation, 650000 is written as 6.5 x 105, and 0.000065 as 6.5 x 10-5. In LibreOffice, these numbers are written as 6.5E+5 and 6.5E-5, respectively. To create a number format that displays numbers using scientific notation, enter a # or 0, and then one of the following codes E-, E+, e- or e+. If sign is omitted after E or e, it won't appear for positive value of exponent. To get engineering notation, enter 3 digits (0 or #) in the integer part: ###.##E+00 for instance.

### Fraction Representation

To represent a value as a fraction, format consists of two or three parts: integer optional part, numerator and denominator. Integer and numerator are separated by a blank or any quoted text. Numerator and denominator are separated by a slash character. Each part can consist of a combination of #, ? and 0 as placeholders.

Denominator is calculated to get the nearest value of the fraction with respect to the number of placeholders. For example, PI value is represented as 3 16/113 with format:

# ?/???

Denominator value can also be forced to the value replacing placeholders. For example, to get PI value as a multiple of 1/16th (i.e. 50/16), use format:

?/16

## Number Format Codes of Currency Formats

The default currency format for the cells in your spreadsheet is determined by the regional setting of your operating system. If you want, you can apply a custom currency symbol to a cell. For example, enter #,##0.00 € to display 4.50 € (Euros).

You can also specify the locale setting for the currency by entering the locale code for the country after the symbol. For example, [\$€-407] represents Euros in Germany. To view the locale code for a country, select the country in the Language list on the Numbers tab of the Format Cells dialog.

В коде формата для денежных единиц используется форма [\$xxx-nnn], где xxx - символ валюты, nnn - код страны. Для специальных банковских символов, например, EUR (для евро), код страны не требуется. Формат денежной единицы не зависит от языка, выбранного в поле Язык.

## Форматы даты и времени

Microsoft Excel wrongly assumes year 1900 to be a leap year and considers the inexistent day of 1900-02-29 as valid in date calculations. Dates prior to 1900-03-01 are therefore different in Excel and Calc.

### Форматы даты

To display days, months and years, use the following number format codes.

Не все коды формата дают осмысленные результаты для всех языков.

Формат

Код формата

Месяц как 3.

M

Месяц как 03.

MM

Месяц как Янв-Дек

MMM

Месяц как Январь-Декабрь

MMMM

Первая буква названия месяца

MMMMM

День как 2

D

День как 02

DD

Day as Sun-Sat

NN or DDD or AAA

Day as Sunday to Saturday

NNN or DDDD or AAAA

За днем следует запятая, как в «Воскресенье,»

NNNN

Год как 00-99

YY

Год как 1900-2078

YYYY

Календарная неделя

WW

Quarterly as Q1 to Q4

Q

Quarterly as 1st quarter to 4th quarter

QQ

Era, abbreviation. On the Japanese Gengou calendar, single character (possible values are: M, T, S, H)

G

Era, abbreviation

GG

Era, full name

GGG

Number of the year within an era, short format

E

Number of the year within an era, long format

EE or R

Era, full name and year

RR or GGGEE

The above listed formatting codes work with your language version of LibreOffice. However, when you need to switch the locale of LibreOffice to another locale, you need to know the formatting codes used in that other locale.

Например, если программное обеспечение настроено на локаль Английский, но хотите отформатировать год с использованием четырёх цифр, в качестве кода формата вводите YYYY. При переключении на локаль Немецкий необходимо использовать код формата JJJJ. В следующей таблице перечислены только локализованные различия.

Локаль

Год

Месяц

День

Час

День недели

Эра

English - en

и все не перечисленные локали

Y

M

D

H

A

G

Немецкий - de

J

T

Нидерланды - nl

J

U

Французский - fr

A

J

O

Итальянский - it

A

G

O

X

Португальский - pt

A

O

Испанский - es

A

O

Датский - da

T

Норвежский - no, nb, nn

T

Шведский - sv

T

Финский - fi

V

K

P

T

### Entering Dates

To enter a date in a cell, use the Gregorian calendar format. For example, in an English locale, enter 1/2/2002 for Jan 2, 2002.

All date formats are dependent on the locale that is set in - Language settings - Languages. For example, if your locale is set to 'Japanese', then the Gengou calendar is used. The default date format in LibreOffice uses the Gregorian Calendar.

To specify a calendar format that is independent of the locale, add a modifier in front of the date format. For example, to display a date using the Jewish calendar format in a non-Hebrew locale, enter: [~jewish]DD/MM/YYYY.

The specified calendar is exported to Microsoft Excel using extended LCID. Extended LCID can also be used in the format string. It will be converted to a calendar modifier if it is supported. See Extended LCID section below.

Modifier

Календарь

[~buddhist]

Thai Buddhist Calendar

[~gengou]

Japanese Gengou Calendar

[~gregorian]

Gregorian Calendar

[~hanja] or [~hanja_yoil]

Korean Calendar

[~hijri]

Arabic Islamic Calendar

[~jewish]

Jewish Calendar

[~ROC]

Republic Of China Calendar

### Форматы времени

To display hours, minutes and seconds use the following number format codes:

Формат

Код формата

Часы как 0-23

H

Часы как 00-23

HH

Часы от 00 до более 23

[HH]

Минуты как 0-59

M

Минуты как 00-59

MM

Минуты от 00 до более 59

[MM]

Секунды как 0-59

S

Секунды как 00-59

SS

Секунды от 00 до более 59

[SS]

To display seconds as fractions, add the decimal delimiter to your number format code. For example, enter HH:MM:SS.00 to display the time as "01:02:03.45".

Minute time formats M and MM must be used in combination with hour or second time formats to avoid confusion with month date format.

If a time is entered in the form 02:03.45 or 01:02:03.45 or 25:01:02, the following formats are assigned if no other time format has been specified: MM:SS.00 or [HH]:MM:SS.00 or [HH]:MM:SS

## NatNum modifiers

To display numbers using native number characters, use a [NatNum1], [NatNum2], ..., [NatNum11] modifier at the beginning of a number format codes.

To spell out numbers in various number, currency and date formats, use a [NatNum12] modifier with the chosen arguments at the beginning of a number format code. See NatNum12 section below.

The [NatNum1] modifier always uses a one to one character mapping to convert numbers to a string that matches the native number format code of the corresponding locale. The other modifiers produce different results if they are used with different locales. A locale can be the language and the territory for which the format code is defined, or a modifier such as [\$-yyy] that follows the native number modifier. In this case, yyy is the hexadecimal MS-LCID that is also used in currency format codes. For example, to display a number using Japanese short Kanji characters in an English US locale, use the following number format code:

[NatNum1][\$-411]0

In the following list, the Microsoft Excel [DBNumX] modifier that corresponds to LibreOffice [NatNum] modifier is shown. If you want, you can use a [DBNumX] modifier instead of [NatNum] modifier for your locale. Whenever possible, LibreOffice internally maps [DBNumX] modifiers to [NatNumN] modifiers.

Отображение дат с помощью модификаторов [NatNum] может иметь иной результат, чем отображение других типов чисел. Такие результаты получаются при использовании обозначения "CAL: ". Например, "CAL: 1/4/4" указывает, что год отображается с помощью модификатора [NatNum1], тогда как день и месяц - с помощью модификатора [NatNum4]. Если не указано "CAL", эти форматы дат для данного модификатора не поддерживаются.

[NatNum0]

Try to convert any native number string to ASCII Arabic digits. If already ASCII, it remains ASCII.

[NatNum1]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

Китайские строчные символы

CAL: 1/7/7 [DBNum1]

Японский

short Kanji characters

[DBNum1]

CAL: 1/4/4 [DBNum1]

Корейский

Корейские строчные символы

[DBNum1]

CAL: 1/7/7 [DBNum1]

Иврит

Hebrew characters

Арабский

Arabic-Indic characters

Тайский

Thai characters

Хинди

Indic-Devanagari characters

Ория

Ория символы

Маратхи

Indic-Devanagari characters

Бенгальский

Bengali characters

Панджаби

Punjabi (Gurmukhi) characters

Гуджарати

Gujarati characters

Тамильский

Tamil characters

Телугу

Telugu characters

Каннада

Kannada characters

Малаялам

Malayalam characters

Лаосский

Lao characters

Тибетский

Tibetan characters

Бирманский

Burmese (Myanmar) characters

Кхмерский

Кхмерские (Камбоджийские) символы

Монгольский

Mongolian characters

Непальский

Indic-Devanagari characters

Дзонг-кэ

Tibetan characters

Фарси

East Arabic-Indic characters

Church Slavic

Cyrillic characters

[NatNum2]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

Китайские прописные символы

CAL 2/8/8 [DBNum2]

Японский

traditional Kanji characters

CAL 2/5/5 [DBNum2]

Корейский

Корейские прописные символы

[DBNum2]

CAL 2/8/8 [DBNum2]

Иврит

Hebrew numbering

[NatNum3]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

fullwidth Arabic digits

CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3]

Японский

fullwidth Arabic digits

CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3]

Корейский

fullwidth Arabic digits

[DBNum3]

CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3]

[NatNum4]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

lower case text

[DBNum1]

Японский

modern long Kanji text

[DBNum2]

Корейский

formal lower case text

[NatNum5]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

Китайский прописной текст

[DBNum2]

Японский

traditional long Kanji text

[DBNum3]

Корейский

formal upper case text

[NatNum6]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

fullwidth text

[DBNum3]

Японский

fullwidth text

Корейский

fullwidth text

[NatNum7]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

short lower case text

Японский

modern short Kanji text

Корейский

informal lower case text

[NatNum8]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Китайский

short upper case text

Японский

traditional short Kanji text

[DBNum4]

Корейский

informal upper case text

[NatNum9]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Корейский

Hangul characters

[NatNum10]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Корейский

formal Hangul text

[DBNum4]

CAL 9/11/11 [DBNum4]

[NatNum11]

Транслитерации

Native Number Characters

DBNumX

Формат даты

Корейский

informal Hangul text

### Extended LCID

If compatible, native numbering and calendar are exported to Microsoft Excel using extended LCID. Extended LCID can also be used in string format instead of NatNum modifier.

Extended LCID consists of 8 hexadecimal digits: [\$-NNCCLLLL], with 2 first digits NN for native numerals, CC for calendar and LLLL for LCID code. For instance, [\$-0D0741E] will be converted to [NatNum1][\$-41E][~buddhist]: Thai numerals (0D) with Buddhist calendar (07) in Thai locale (041E).

Native Numerals

Two first digits NN represents native numerals:

NN

Numeral

Представление

Compatible LCID

01

Арабский

1234567890

все

02

Восточно-арабский

١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩٠

401

1401, 3c01, 0c01, 801, 2c01, 3401, 3001, 1001, 1801, 2001, 4001, 2801, 1c01, 3801, 2401

03

Персидский

۱۲۳۴۵۶۷۸۹۰

429

04

Деванагари

१२३४५६७८९०

439

44E, 461, 861

05

Бенгальский

১২৩৪৫৬৭৮৯০

445

845

06

Панджаби

੧੨੩੪੫੬੭੮੯੦

446

07

Гуджарати

૧૨૩૪૫૬૭૮૯૦

447

08

Ория

୧୨୩୪୫୬୭୮୯୦

448

09

Тамильский

௧௨௩௪௫௬௭௮௯0

449

849

0A

Телугу

౧౨౩౪౫౬౭౮౯౦

44A

0B

Каннада

೧೨೩೪೫೬೭೮೯೦

44B

0C

Малаялам

൧൨൩൪൫൬൭൮൯൦

44C

0D

Тайский

๑๒๓๔๕๖๗๘๙๐

41E

0E

Лаосский

໑໒໓໔໕໖໗໘໙໐

454

0F

Тибетский

༡༢༣༤༥༦༧༨༩༠

851

10

Бирманский

၁၂၃၄၅၆၇၈၉၀

455

11

Tigrina

፩፪፫፬፭፮፯፰፱0

473

873

12

Кхмерский

១២៣៤៥៦៧៨៩០

453

13

Монгольский

᠑᠒᠓᠔᠕᠖᠗᠘᠙᠐

C50

850

1B

Японский

411

1C

(финансовый)

1D

(fullwidth Arabic)

１２３４５６７８９０

1E

Chinese - simplified

804

1004, 7804

1F

(финансовый)

20

(fullwidth Arabic)

１２３４５６７８９０

21

Chinese - traditional

C04

1404

22

(финансовый)

23

(fullwidth Arabic)

１２３４５６７８９０

24

Корейский

812

25

(финансовый)

26

(fullwidth Arabic)

１２３４５６７８９０

27

Korean - Hangul

일이삼사오육칠팔구영

Календарь

Two next digits CC are for calendar code. Each calendar is only valid for some LCID.

CC

Календарь

Example (YYYY-MM-DD)

Supported LCID

00

Григорианский

2016-08-31

Все

03

Gengou

28-08-31

411 (Japanese)

05

Неизвестно

4349-08-31

Неподдерживаемый

06 или 17

Хиджра

1437-11-28

401 (Arabic - Saudi Arabia), 1401 (Arabic - Algeria), 3c01 (Arabic - Bahrain), 0c01 (Arabic - Egypt), 801 (Arabic - Iraq), 2c01 (Arabic - Jordan), 3401 (Arabic - Kuwait), 3001 (Arabic - Lebanon), 1001 (Arabic - Libya), 1801 (Arabic - Morocco), 2001 (Arabic - Oman), 4001 (Arabic - Qatar), 2801 (Arabic - Syria), 1c01 (Arabic - Tunisia), 3801 (Arabic - U.A.E.), 2401 (Arabic - Yemen) and 429 (Farsi)

07

Буддийский

2559-08-31

454 (Lao), 41E (Thai)

08

Иудейский

5776-05-27

40D (Hebrew)

10

Индийский

1938-06-09

Неподдерживаемый

0E, 0F, 11, 12 or 13

Неизвестно

2016-07-29

Неподдерживаемый

Неподдерживаемый

Hanja

412 (Korean)

Неподдерживаемый

ROC

0105-08-31

404 (Chinese - Taiwan)

## NatNum12 modifier

To spell out numbers in various number, currency and date formats, use a [NatNum12] modifier with the chosen arguments at the beginning of a number format code.

Common NatNum12 formatting examples

Formatting code

Explanation

[NatNum12]

Spell out as cardinal number: 1 → one

[NatNum12 ordinal]

Spell out as ordinal number: 1 → first

[NatNum12 ordinal-number]

Spell out as ordinal indicator: 1 → 1st

[NatNum12 capitalize]

Spell out with capitalization, as cardinal number: 1 → One

[NatNum12 upper ordinal]

Spell out in upper case, as ordinal number: 1 → FIRST

[NatNum12 title]

Spell out in title case, as cardinal number: 101 → Hundred One

[NatNum12 USD]

Spell out as a money amount of a given currency specified by 3-letter ISO code: 1 → one U.S. dollar

[NatNum12 D=ordinal-number]D" of "MMMM

Spell out as a date in format "1st of May"

[NatNum12 YYYY=title year,D=capitalize ordinal]D" of "MMMM, YYYY

Spell out as a date in format "First of May, Nineteen Ninety-nine"

[NatNum12 MMM=upper]MMM-DD

Display upper case abbreviated month name in format "JAN-01"

[NatNum12 MMMM=lower]MMMM

Display lower case month name in format "january"

Other possible arguments: "money" before 3-letter currency codes, for example [NatNum12 capitalize money USD]0.00 will format number "1.99" as "One and 99/100 U.S. Dollars".

## Коды ошибок

If the value is outside the limits for the selected format the following error code is shown:

#FMT

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