Text Functions

This section contains descriptions of the Text functions.

Ajaja kana bira gahuuf...

Saagi - Dalaga - Akaakuu Barruu


Using double quotation marks in formulas

To include a text string in a formula, place the text string between two double quotation marks (") and Calc takes the characters in the string without attempting to interpret them. For example, the formula ="Hello world!" displays the text string Hello world! in the cell, with no surrounding double quotation marks.

The more complex formula =CONCATENATE("Life is really simple, "; "but we insist on making it complicated "; "(Confucius).") concatenates three individual strings in double quotation marks, outputting Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated (Confucius).

To place a literal double quotation mark within a string inside a formula, two methods can be used:

  1. You can "escape" the double quotation mark with an additional double quotation mark, and Calc treats the escaped double quotation mark as a literal value. For example, the formula ="My name is ""John Doe""." outputs the string My name is "John Doe". Another simple example is the formula =UNICODE("""") which returns 34, the decimal value of the Unicode quotation mark character (U+0022) — here the first and fourth double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of the string, while the second double quotation mark escapes the third.

  2. You can use the CHAR function or the UNICHAR function to insert a double quotation mark. For example, the formula =UNICHAR(34) & "The Catcher in the Rye" & UNICHAR(34) & " is a famous book by J. D. Salinger." displays the string "The Catcher in the Rye" is a famous book by J. D. Salinger.

Beware that Calc's AutoCorrect function may modify double quotation marks. AutoCorrect should not change the double quotation marks within formula cells but may change those used in non-formula cells containing text. For example, if you copy a string that is surrounded by some other form of typographical double quotation marks, such as the left double quotation mark (U+201C) and the right double quotation mark (U+201D), and then paste into a formula cell, an error may result. Open the Double Quotes area of the Tools - AutoCorrect Options - Localized Options dialog to set the characters used to automatically correct the start and end typographical double quotation marks. Uncheck the Replace toggle button to disable the feature.

ARABIC

Returns the numeric value corresponding to a Roman number expressed as text.

ASC

Converts double-byte (full-width) characters to single-byte (half-width) ASCII and katakana characters.

JIS

Converts single-byte (half-width) ASCII or katakana characters to double-byte (full-width) characters.

REGEX

Matches and extracts or optionally replaces text using regular expressions.

ROMAN

Converts a number into a Roman numeral. The value range must be between 0 and 3999. A simplification mode can be specified in the range from 0 to 4.

VALUE

Converts the string representation of a number to numeric form. If the supplied string is a valid date, time, or date-time, the corresponding date-time serial number is returned.

WEBSERVICE

Get some web content from a URI.

FILTERXML

Apply a XPath expression to a XML document.

ENCODEURL

Returns a URL-encoded string.

BAHTTEXT

Maqaawwan maallaqa Thai hammachuudhaan, lakkoofsa gara barruu Thai itti jijjiira.

Syntax

BAHTTEXT(Lakkoofsa)

Lakkoofsa is any number. "Baht"iin gara qaama integiraalii lakkoofsaatti miiltessama, fi "Satang"iin gara qaama dessimaalii lakkoofsaatti miiltessama.

Example

=BAHTTEXT(12.65) diraa arfiiwwan Thai hiikkaa "Baht kudha lamaa fi Satang shan" qabu deebisa.

Technical information

This function is not part of the Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) Version 1.3. Part 4: Recalculated Formula (OpenFormula) Format standard. The name space is

COM.MICROSOFT.BAHTTEXT

BASE

Converts a positive integer to a specified base into a text from the numbering system. The digits 0-9 and the letters A-Z are used.

Syntax

BASE(Number; Radix [; MinimumLength])

Lakkoofsi intiijera pozatiivii jijjiiramuu qabudha.

Radix indicates the base of the numeral system. It may be any positive integer between 2 and 36.

DheerinniXiqqaan (dirqala) dheerina xiqqaa tartiiba arfii uumamee jiruu murteessa. Yoo barruun dheerina xiqqaa mul'ifame caalaa gabaabaa ta'e, zeeroowwan gara bitaa diraatti ida'amu.

Example

=BASE(17;10;4) 0017 sirna dessimalii keessa jiru deebisa.

=BASE(17;2) 10001 sirna baayinarii keessa jiru deebisa.

=BASE(255;16;4) 00FF sirna heksaadessimaalii keessa jiru deebisa.

See also

DECIMAL

CHAR

Haala gabatee lakkaddaa ammeetiin lakkoofsa gara arfiitti jijjiira. Lakkoofsichi intiijera dijiitii-lamee ykn dijiitii-sadee ta'uu danda'a.

Lakkaddaawwan 127 caalan barruuyyeessa arfii sirna keetiirratti hundaa'uu danda'a(fakkeenyaaf iso-8859-1, iso-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), kanaaf fiduun hin danda'amu.

Syntax

CHAR(Lakkoofsa)

Lakkoofsi lakkoofsa 1 fi 255 gidduu arfiidhaaf gatii lakkaddaa bakka bu'udha.

Example

=CHAR(100) arfii d deebisa.

="abc" & CHAR(10) & "def" arfii sarara haaraa gara diraatti saaga.

CLEAN

Arfiiwwan maxxansaaf hin gargaarre hundi diraa irraa ni haqamu.

Syntax

CLEAN("Barruu")

Barruun barruu arfiiwwan maxxanuu hin dandeenye irraa haquu qabnu agarsiisa.

Example

=LEN(CLEAN(CHAR(7) & "LibreOffice Calc" & CHAR(8))) returns 16, showing that the CLEAN function removes the non-printable Unicode U+0007 ("BEL") and U+0008 ("BS") characters at the beginning and end of the string argument. CLEAN does not remove spaces.

CODE

Arfii jalqabaa diraa barruu keesa jiruuf lakkaddaa lakkoofsaa keenna.

Syntax

CODE("Barruu")

Barruun barruu lakkaddaan arfii jalqabaa barbaadamuufii qabudha.

Lakkaddaawwan 127 caalan barruuyyeessa arfii sirna keetiirratti hundaa'uu danda'a(fakkeenyaaf iso-8859-1, iso-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), kanaaf fiduun hin danda'amu.

Example

=CODE("Hieronymus") 72 kenna, =CODE("hieroglyphic") 104 kenna.

note

Lakkaddaan asitti fayyadamame ASCII hin ibsu, garuu gabatee lakkaddaa amma fe'ame agarsiisa.


CONCATENATE

Diraawwan barruu hedduu gara diraa tokkootti walitti qaba.

Syntax

CONCATENATE(String 1 [; String 2 [; … [; String 255]]])

String 1[; String 2][; … ;[String 255]] are strings or references to cells containing strings.

Example

=CONCATENATE("Good ";"Morning ";"Mrs. ";"Doe") Akkam Bultan obbo. Doe: deebisa.

DECIMAL

Converts text that represents a number in a numeral system with the given base radix to a positive integer. The radix must be in the range 2 to 36. Spaces and tabs are ignored. The Text field is not case-sensitive.

If the radix is 16, a leading x or X or 0x or 0X, and an appended h or H, are disregarded. If the radix is 2, an appended b or B is disregarded. Other characters that do not belong to the numeral system generate an error.

Syntax

DECIMAL("Barruu"; Hundee lakkoofsaa)

Text is the text to be converted.

Radix indicates the base of the numeral system. It may be any positive integer between 2 and 36.

Example

=DECIMAL("17";10) 17 kenna.

=DECIMAL("FACE";16) 64206 kenna.

=DECIMAL("0101";2) 5 kenna.

See also

BASE

DOLLAR

Converts a number to a string representing the amount in the currency format, rounded to a specified decimal places, using the decimal separator that corresponds to the current locale setting. In the Value field enter the number to be converted. Optionally, you may enter the number of decimal places in the Decimals field. If no value is specified, all numbers in currency format will be displayed with two decimal places.

Dhangii maallaqaa sirna qindaa'inootaa ke keessatti qindeessiteetta.

Syntax

DOLLAR(Value [; Decimals])

Gatiin lakkoofsa, wabii mandhee lakkoofsa qabatee, ykn foormulaa lakkoofsa kennudha.

Dessimaalonni lakkoofsa dirqalaa bakkeewwan dessimaaliidha.

Example

=DOLLAR(255) returns $255.00 for the English (USA) locale and USD (dollar) currency; ¥255.00 for the Japanese locale and JPY (yen) currency; or 255,00 € for the German (Germany) locale and EUR (euro) currency.

=DOLLAR(367.456;2) returns $367.46.

EXACT

Diraawwan barruu lama wal madaalsisee yoo isaan walfkkaatu ta'e DHUGAA kenna. Faankishiniin kun qub-suukanaawaadha.

Syntax

EXACT("Barruu1"; "Barruu2")

Barruun1 barruu jalqaba walmadaalsisuu jiru agarsiisa.

Barruun2 walmadaalsiidhaaf barruu lammaffaati.

Example

=EXACT("Sirnootni maaykiroo Aduu";"Sirnootni maaykiroo Aduu") SOBA kenna.

FIND

Returns the position of a string of text within another string.You can also define where to begin the search. The search term can be a number or any string of characters. The search is case-sensitive.

Syntax

FIND("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

BarruuBarbaadi barruu barbaadamuu qabu agarsiisa.

Barruun barruu bakkatti barbaachi gaggeeffamudha.

Qubannoon (dirqala) qubannoo barruu keessaa bakka irraa barbaachi eegaludha.

Example

=FIND(76;998877665544) 6 kenna.

FIXED

Returns a number as text with a specified number of decimal places and optional thousands separators.

Syntax

FIXED(Number; [Decimals = 2 [; NoThousandsSeparators = FALSE]])

Number is rounded to Decimals places (after the decimal separator) and the result formatted as text, using locale-specific settings.

Decimals (optional) refers to the number of decimal places to be displayed. If Decimals is negative, Number is rounded to ABS(Decimals) places to the left from the decimal point. If Decimals is a fraction, it is truncated actually ignoring what is the closest integer.

NoThousandsSeparators (optional) determines whether the thousands separator is used. If it is TRUE or non-zero, then group separators are omitted from the resulting string. If the parameter is equal to 0 or if it is missing altogether, the thousands separators of your current locale setting are displayed.

Example

=FIXED(1234567.89;3) akka diraa barruutti 1,234,567.890 kenna.

=FIXED(123456.789;;TRUE) returns 123456.79 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.6789;-2) returns 12,300 as a text string.

=FIXED(12134567.89;-3;1) returns 12135000 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;3/4) returns 12,346 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;8/5) returns 12,345.8 as a text string.

LEFT

Arfii jalqabaa ykn arfiiwwan barruu deebisa.

Syntax

LEFT("Text" [; Number])

Barruun barruu bakkatti jechoonni walakkaa jalqabaa murteessamuu qabanidha.

Lakkoofsi (dirqala) barruu jalqabaaf lakkoofsa arfiiwwanii adda baasa. Yoo ulaagaan kun hin ibsmne ta'e, arfiin tokko ni deebi'a.

Example

=LEFT("firii";3) “ala” deebisa.

LEFTB

Returns the first characters of a DBCS text.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

LEFTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text where the initial partial words are to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want LEFTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Example

=LEFTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

=LEFTB("中国";2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=LEFTB("中国";3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one DBCS character and a half; the last character returned is therefore a space character).

=LEFTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=LEFTB("office";3) returns "off" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

LEN

Dheerina diraa iddoowwan qabuu deebisa.

Syntax

LEN("Barruu")

Barruun barruu dheerinni isaa murteessamuu qabudha.

Example

=LEN("Akkam Oolte") 14 deebisa.

=LEN(12345.67) 8 deebisa.

LENB

For double-byte character set (DBCS) languages, returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

LENB("Text")

Barruun barruu dheerinni isaa murteessamuu qabudha.

Example

LENB("中") returns 2 (1 DBCS character consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("中国") returns 4 (2 DBCS characters each consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("office") returns 6 (6 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

=LENB("Good Afternoon") returns 14.

=LENB(12345.67) returns 8.

LOWER

Qubee guguddaa diraa barruu keessa jiran gara qubee xixiqqaatti jijjiira.

Syntax

LOWER("Barruu")

Barruun barruu jijjiiramuu qabu ibsudha.

Example

=LOWER("Aduu") aduu deebisa.

MID

Diraa barruu kan barruu deebisa. Ulaagaaleen iddoo jalqabaa fi lakkoofsa arfiiwwanii adda baasa.

Syntax

MID("Barruu"; Jalqaba; Lakkoofsa)

Barruun barruu arfiiwwan kasheessuu of keessatti qabata.

Jalqabni iddoo jalqaba arfii barruu kasheessuu keessa jirudha.

Lakkoofsi lakkoofsa arfiiwwanii qaama barruu keessa jiru adda baasa.

Example

=RIGHT("Sun";2) un deebisa.

MIDB

Returns a text string of a DBCS text. The parameters specify the starting position and the number of characters.

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

MIDB("Text"; Start; Number_bytes)

Barruun barruu arfiiwwan kasheessuu of keessatti qabata.

Start is the position of the first character in the text to extract.

Number_bytes specifies the number of characters MIDB will return from text, in bytes.

Example

=MIDB("中国";1;0) returns "" (0 bytes is always an empty string).

=MIDB("中国";1;1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and therefore the result is a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=MIDB("中国";1;3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one and a half DBCS character; the last byte results in a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=MIDB("中国";2;1) returns " " (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; 1 space character is returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;2) returns " " (byte position 2 points to the last half of the first character in the DBCS string; the 2 bytes asked for therefore constitutes the last half of the first character and the first half of the second character in the string; 2 space characters are therefore returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;3) returns " 国" (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; a space character is returned for byte position 2).

=MIDB("中国";3;1) returns " " (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, but 1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is therefore returned instead).

=MIDB("中国";3;2) returns "国" (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, and 2 bytes constitute one DBCS character).

=MIDB("office";2;3) returns "ffi" (byte position 2 is at the beginning of a character in a non-DBCS string, and 3 bytes of a non-DBCS string constitute 3 characters).

PROPER

Qubee jalqabaa jechoota diraa barruu hunda keessa jiru qubee guddaa godha.

Syntax

PROPER("Barruu")

Barruun barruu jijjiiramuu qabu ibsudha.

Example

=PROPER("the document foundation") returns The Document Foundation.

REPLACE

Qaama diraa barruu diraa barruu biraatiin bakka buusa. Faankishiniin kun arfiiwwanii fi lakkoofsota (ofumaan gara barruutti jijjiiraman) bakka buusuuf gargaara. Firiin faankishinii yeroo hunda akka barruutti mul'ata. Yoo Lakkoofsa barruudhaan bakka bu'e irratti shallaggiiwwan dabalataa adeemsisuu barbaadde, faankishinii VALUE fayyadamuudhaan deebistee gara lakkoofsaatti jijjiiruu si barbaachisa.

Yoo barruun lakkoofsota qabatu kamiyyu akka lakkoofsaatti akka inni hiikamu hin barbaaddu ta'ee fi ofumaan gara barruutti jijjiirame mallattoo waraabbii keessatti hammatamuu qaba.

Syntax

REPLACE("Barruu"; Qubannoo; Dheerina; "BarruuHaaraa")

Barruun barruu kutaan isaa bakka bu'u agarsiisa.

Qubannoon bakka barruu keessa jiru iddootti bakka bu'iinsi jalqabu agarrsiisa.

Dheerinni lakkoofsa barruuwwanii Barruu bakka bu'uu qabudha.

BarruuHaaraan barruu Barruu bakka bu'u agarsiisa.

Example

=REPLACE("1234567";1;1;"444") "444234567" deebisa. Arfiin tokko qubannoo 1 irra jiru BarruuHaaraa guutuudhaan bakka bu'a.

REPT

Diraa arfii lakkoofsa garagalchoota kennamaniin irra deddeebi'a.

Syntax

REPT("Barruu"; Lakkoofsa)

Barruun barruu irra deddeebi'amuu qabudha.

Lakkoofsi lakkoofsa irra deddeebbiiti.

Example

=REPT("Akkam bultan";2) Akkam bultanAkkam bultan deebisa.

tip

Refer to the REPT wiki page for more details about this function.


RIGHT

Arfii ykn arfiiwwan barruu dhumaa deebisa.

Syntax

RIGHT("Text" [; Number])

Barruun barruu kutaan isaa mirgaa murteessamuu qabudha.

Number (optional) is the number of characters from the right part of the text. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Example

=RIGHT("Sun";2) un deebisa.

RIGHTB

Returns the last character or characters of a text with double bytes characters sets (DBCS).

tip

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.2.


Syntax

RIGHTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text of which the right part is to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one byte is returned.

Example

RIGHTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

RIGHTB("中国";2) returns "国" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

RIGHTB("中国";3) returns " 国" (3 bytes constitute one half DBCS character and one whole DBCS character; a space is returned for the first half).

RIGHTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

RIGHTB("office";3) returns "ice" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

SEARCH

Returns the position of a text segment within a character string. You can set the start of the search as an option. The search text can be a number or any sequence of characters. The search is not case-sensitive. If the text is not found, returns error 519 (#VALUE).

The search supports wildcards or regular expressions. With regular expressions enabled, you can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must either precede every character with a "\" character, or enclose the text into \Q...\E. You can switch the automatic evaluation of wildcards or regular expression on and off in - LibreOffice Calc - Calculate.

warning

When using functions where one or more arguments are search criteria strings that represents a regular expression, the first attempt is to convert the string criteria to numbers. For example, ".0" will convert to 0.0 and so on. If successful, the match will not be a regular expression match but a numeric match. However, when switching to a locale where the decimal separator is not the dot makes the regular expression conversion work. To force the evaluation of the regular expression instead of a numeric expression, use some expression that can not be misread as numeric, such as ".[0]" or ".\0" or "(?i).0".


Syntax

SEARCH("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

BarruuBarbaadi barbaadamuu qabudha.

Barruun barruu iddootti barbaachi gaggeeffamudha.

Qubannoon (dirqala) iddoo barruu keessaa bakkatti barbaachi jalqabamudha.

Example

=SEARCH(54;998877665544) 10 deebisa.

SUBSTITUTE

Barruu moofaa diraa keessaa barruu haarawaan bakka buusa.

Syntax

SUBSTITUTE("Text"; "SearchText"; "NewText" [; Occurrence])

Barruun barruu kutaawwan barruu adda ta'an keessatti wal jijjiiruu qabanidha.

BarruuBarbaachi kutaa barruu adda ta'e kan bakka bu'amuu qabudha (al hedduu).

BarruuHaarawni barruu kutaa barruu adda ta'e bakka bu'uuf jirudha.

Uumamni (dirqala) uumama barruu barbaaduu kamtu akka bakka bu'amuu qabu mul'isa. Yoo ulaagaan kun hafe barruu barbaachi yeroo hunda bakka bu'ama.

Example

=SUBSTITUTE("123123123";"3";"abc") 12abc12abc12abc deebisa.

=SUBSTITUTE("123123123";"3";"abc";2) 12312abc123 deebisa.

T

Faankishiniin kun barruu galtee, ykn yoo galteen barruu miti ta'e diraa barruu duwwaa deebisa.

Syntax

T(Gatii)

Yoo Gatiin diraa baruu ykn diraa barruu agarsiisa ta'e, Tn diraa barruu sana deebisa; ta'uu baannaan diraa barruu duwwaa deebisa.

Example

=T(12345) diraa duwwaa deebisa.

=T("12345") diraa 12345 deebisa.

TEXT

Converts a value into text according to a given format.

Syntax

TEXT(Value; Format)

Value is the value (numerical or textual) to be converted.

Dhangiin barruu dhangii ibsudha. Haala afaan dhangii mandhee keessatti qindaa'een gargarbaastota dessimaalii ykn kumootaa fayyadami.

Example

=TEXT(12.34567;"###.##") barruu 12.35 deebisa

=TEXT(12.34567;"000.00") barruu 012.35 deebisa

=TEXT("xyz";"=== @ ===") returns the text === xyz ===

tip

See also Number format codes: custom format codes defined by the user.


TRIM

Jechoota gidduutti iddoo arfii qeenxee hambisuudhaan, diraa irraa iddoowwan haqa.

Syntax

TRIM("Barruu")

Text refers to text in which spaces are to be removed.

Example

=TRIM(" hello world ") returns hello world without leading and trailing spaces and with single space between words.

UNICHAR

Lakkaddaa lakkoofsaa gara arfii ykn qubee lakaddaa qeenxeetti jijjiira.

Syntax

UNICHAR(number)

Example

=UNICHAR(169) arfii mirga abbummaa deebisa ©.

tip

See also the UNICODE() function.


UNICODE

Barruu keessatti arfii lakaddaa qeenxee jalqabaaf lakaddaa lakkoofsaa deebisa.

Syntax

UNICODE("Text")

Example

=UNICODE("©") lakkoofsa lakaddaa qeenxee 169 arfii mirga abbummaaf deebisa.

tip

See also the UNICHAR() function.


UPPER

Diraa dirree barruu keessatti adda ba'e gara qubee guguddaatti jijjiira.

Syntax

UPPER("Barruu")

Barruun qubeewwan xixiqqoo ati gara qubee guguddaatti jijjiiruu barbaaddu agarsiisa.

Example

=UPPER("Good Morning") AKKAM BULTE deebisa.

Please support us!