Array Functions

이 λ²”μ£Όμ—λŠ” λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜κ°€ ν¬ν•¨λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄μ΄λž€?

배열은 μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ— μžˆλŠ” 값이 ν¬ν•¨λœ μ…€μ˜ μ—°κ²°λœ λ²”μœ„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. ν–‰ 3κ°œμ™€ μ—΄ 3개둜 이루어진 μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• λ²”μœ„λŠ” 3X3 λ°°μ—΄μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

A

B

C

1

7

31

33

2

95

17

2

3

5

10

50


μ‚¬μš© κ°€λŠ₯ν•œ κ°€μž₯ μž‘μ€ 배열은 μΈμ ‘ν•œ 두 개의 셀을 가진 1X2 λ˜λŠ” 2X1 λ°°μ—΄μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄λž€?

μ…€ λ²”μœ„μ˜ κ°œλ³„ 값이 ν‰κ°€λ˜λŠ” μˆ˜μ‹μ„ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄λΌκ³  ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹κ³Ό λ‹€λ₯Έ μˆ˜μ‹ κ°„μ˜ 차이점은 λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ˜ 경우 ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ 값이 μ•„λ‹Œ μ—¬λŸ¬ 개의 값을 λ™μ‹œμ— μ²˜λ¦¬ν•œλ‹€λŠ” κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ€ μ—¬λŸ¬ 값을 μ²˜λ¦¬ν•  수 μžˆμ„ 뿐만 μ•„λ‹ˆλΌ μ—¬λŸ¬ 값을 ꡬ할 μˆ˜λ„ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ˜ 결과도 ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ λ°°μ—΄μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

To multiply the values in the individual cells by 10 in the above array, you do not need to apply a formula to each individual cell or value. Instead you just need to use a single array formula. Select a range of 3 x 3 cells on another part of the spreadsheet, enter the formula =10*A1:C3 and confirm this entry using the key combination + Shift + Enter. The result is a 3 x 3 array in which the individual values in the cell range (A1:C3) are multiplied by a factor of 10.

κ³±μ…ˆ 외에도 λ‹€λ₯Έ μ—°μ‚°μžλ₯Ό μ°Έμ‘° λ²”μœ„(λ°°μ—΄)μ—μ„œ μ‚¬μš©ν•  수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. LibreOffice Calcμ—μ„œλŠ” λ§μ…ˆ(+), λΊ„μ…ˆ(-), κ³±μ…ˆ(*), λ‚˜λˆ—μ…ˆ(/)을 μΆ”κ°€ν•˜κ±°λ‚˜ μ§€μˆ˜(^), μ—°κ²°(&) 및 λ‹€μŒ 비ꡐ μ—°μ‚°μžλ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•  수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€(=, <>, <, >, <=, >=). μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ μ—°μ‚°μžλŠ” μ…€ λ²”μœ„μ˜ 각 κ°œλ³„ κ°’μ—μ„œ μ‚¬μš©ν•  수 있으며 λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄ μž…λ ₯된 경우 κ²°κ³Όλ₯Ό λ°°μ—΄λ‘œ κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

배열을 λ‹€λ£¨λŠ” ν•¨μˆ˜μ—μ„œ λΉ„κ΅μ—°μ‚°μžλŠ” 빈 셀을 일반 ν•¨μˆ˜μ—μ„œ λ‹€λ£¨λŠ” 것과 λ™μΌν•˜κ²Œ λ‹€λ£Ήλ‹ˆλ‹€. λ”°λΌμ„œ 빈 셀은 0의 값을 κ°€μ§€κ±°λ‚˜ 빈 λ¬Έμžμ—΄μ„ κ°€μ§€λŠ” κ²ƒμœΌλ‘œ μ·¨κΈ‰λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 예λ₯Ό λ“€μ–΄ A1κ³Ό A2 셀이 λΉ„μ–΄μžˆλŠ” μƒν™©μ—μ„œ {=A1:A2=""}κ³Ό {=A1:A2=0}은 λͺ¨λ‘ 1μ—΄ 2ν–‰μ˜ λ°°μ—΄μ•ˆμ˜ 셀을 μ—°μ‚°ν•œ 값을 TRUE둜 λ°˜ν™˜ν•  κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ μ‚¬μš©ν•˜λŠ” 경우

λ‹€λ₯Έ 값을 μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ 계산을 λ°˜λ³΅ν•΄μ•Ό ν•˜λŠ” 경우 λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ μ‚¬μš©ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ μ‚¬μš©ν•˜λ©΄ λ‚˜μ€‘μ— 계산 방법을 λ³€κ²½ν•˜λ €λŠ” 경우 λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ μ—…λ°μ΄νŠΈν•˜κΈ°λ§Œ ν•˜λ©΄ λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ μΆ”κ°€ν•˜λ €λ©΄ 전체 λ°°μ—΄ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•œ λ‹€μŒ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ—μ„œ ν•„μš”ν•œ 사항을 λ³€κ²½ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ˜ν•œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ€ λ©”λͺ¨λ¦¬λ₯Ό 많이 μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ§€ μ•ŠμœΌλ―€λ‘œ μ—¬λŸ¬ 값을 계산해야 ν•  경우 곡간을 μ ˆμ•½ν•  수 μžˆλŠ” μ˜΅μ…˜μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ˜ν•œ μ—¬λŸ¬ μ…€ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό 계산에 포함할 수 μžˆμœΌλ―€λ‘œ 배열은 λ³΅μž‘ν•œ 계산을 μˆ˜ν–‰ν•˜κΈ° μœ„ν•œ ν•„μˆ˜ λ„κ΅¬μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. LibreOfficeμ—λŠ” 배열을 μœ„ν•œ μ—¬λŸ¬ 가지 μˆ˜ν•™ ν•¨μˆ˜κ°€ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€(예: 두 배열을 κ³±ν•  수 μžˆλŠ” MMULT ν•¨μˆ˜ λ˜λŠ” 두 λ°°μ—΄μ˜ 슀칼라 곱을 계산할 수 μžˆλŠ” SUMPRODUCT 함Number).

LibreOffice Calcμ—μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹ μ‚¬μš©

λ˜ν•œ 맀개 λ³€μˆ˜μ™€ 같은 μ°Έμ‘° λ²”μœ„κ°€ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ λ‚˜νƒ€λ‚΄λŠ” "일반" μˆ˜μ‹μ„ λ§Œλ“€ 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ°Έμ‘° λ²”μœ„κ°€ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄ ν¬ν•¨λœ ν–‰ λ˜λŠ” μ—΄κ³Ό κ΅μ°¨ν•˜λŠ” μ˜μ—­μ—μ„œ κ²°κ³Όλ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. ꡐ차 μ˜μ—­μ΄ μ—†κ±°λ‚˜ μ—¬λŸ¬ ν–‰ λ˜λŠ” 열이라면 #VALUE!λΌλŠ” 였λ₯˜ λ©”μ‹œμ§€κ°€ ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ‹€μŒ 예λ₯Ό 톡해 이 κ°œλ…μ„ 이해할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹ λ§Œλ“€κΈ°

ν•¨μˆ˜ λ§ˆλ²•μ‚¬λ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ λ§Œλ“€λ €λ©΄ κ²°κ³Όκ°€ λ°°μ—΄λ‘œ ꡬ해지도둝 맀번 λ°°μ—΄ ν™•μΈλž€μ„ 선택해야 ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그렇지 μ•ŠμœΌλ©΄ κ³„μ‚°ν•˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄μ˜ μ™Όμͺ½ μœ„ 셀에 μžˆλŠ” κ°’λ§Œ κ΅¬ν•΄μ§‘λ‹ˆλ‹€.

If you enter the array formula directly into the cell, you must use the key combination Shift + + Enter instead of the Enter key. Only then does the formula become an array formula.

note

LibreOffice Calcμ—μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ€ μ€‘κ΄„ν˜Έλ‘œ ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ€‘κ΄„ν˜Έλ₯Ό μˆ˜λ™μœΌλ‘œ μž…λ ₯ν•œλ‹€κ³  ν•΄μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄ λ§Œλ“€μ–΄μ§€λŠ” 것은 μ•„λ‹™λ‹ˆλ‹€.


warning

κ²°κ³Ό λ°°μ—΄μ˜ 셀은 λ³€κ²½ν•  수 없도둝 μžλ™μœΌλ‘œ λ³΄ν˜Έλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. κ·ΈλŸ¬λ‚˜ 전체 λ°°μ—΄ μ…€ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•˜μ—¬ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ„ νŽΈμ§‘ λ˜λŠ” 볡사할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


μˆ˜μ‹μ—μ„œ 인라인 λ°°μ—΄ μƒμˆ˜ μ‚¬μš©

CalcλŠ” μˆ˜μ‹ μ•ˆμ—μ„œμ˜ 인라인 ν–‰λ ¬/λ°°μ—΄ μƒμˆ˜λ₯Ό μ§€μ›ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 인라인 배열은 μ€‘κ΄„ν˜Έ { }둜 λ¬ΆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. μš”μ†ŒλŠ” 숫자 (음수 포함), 논리 μƒμˆ˜ (TRUE, FALSE), λ˜λŠ” λ¬Έμžμ—΄μ΄ 될 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. μƒμˆ˜κ°€ μ•„λ‹Œ ν‘œν˜„μ‹μ€ ν—ˆμš©λ˜μ§€ μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. 배열은 ν•˜λ‚˜ μ΄μƒμ˜ ν–‰κ³Ό μ—΄λ‘œ μž…λ ₯될 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. λͺ¨λ“  ν–‰κ³Ό 열은 λ°˜λ“œμ‹œ 같은 수의 μš”μ†Œλ‘œ κ΅¬μ„±λ˜μ–΄μ•Ό ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

The column separator (separating elements in one row) and the row separator are language and locale dependent. But in this help content, the ';' semicolon and '|' pipe symbol are used to indicate the column and row separators, respectively. For example, in the English locale, the ',' comma is used as the column separator, while the ';' semicolon is used as the row separator.

tip

You can view and change the row and column separator in - Calc - Formula - Separators.


배열은 쀑첩될 수 μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

예:

={1;2;3}

μ„Έ 개의 숫자 1, 2, 3이 ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ ν–‰μœΌλ‘œ κ΅¬μ„±λœ λ°°μ—΄.

To enter this array constant, you select three cells in a row, then you type the formula ={1;2;3} using the curly braces and the semicolons, then press + Shift + Enter.

={1;2;3|4;5;6}

각각 μ„Έ 값이 ν¬ν•¨λœ 두 ν–‰μœΌλ‘œ κ΅¬μ„±λœ λ°°μ—΄.

={0;1;2|FALSE;TRUE;"two"}

ν˜Όν•©λœ 데이터 λ°°μ—΄

=SIN({1;2;3})

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μœΌλ‘œμ„œ μž…λ ₯된 값은 인수 1, 2, 3에 λŒ€ν•œ μ„Έ SIN 계산 κ²°κ³Όλ₯Ό ν‘œμ‹œν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹ νŽΈμ§‘

  1. Select the cell range or array containing the array formula. To select the whole array, position the cell cursor inside the array range, then press + /, where / is the Division key on the numeric keypad.

  2. Either press F2 or position the cursor in the input line. Both of these actions let you edit the formula.

  3. After you have made changes, press + Shift + Enter.

tip

λ°°μ—΄μ˜ κ°œλ³„ 뢀뢄을 μ„œμ‹ μ„€μ •ν•  수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. 예λ₯Ό λ“€μ–΄, κΈ€κΌ΄ 색상을 λ³€κ²½ν•  수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ΄λ ‡κ²Œ ν•˜λ €λ©΄ μ…€ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•œ λ‹€μŒ μ›ν•˜λŠ” 속성을 λ³€κ²½ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.


λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹ 볡사

  1. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄ ν¬ν•¨λœ μ…€ λ²”μœ„ λ˜λŠ” 배열을 μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  2. Either press F2 or position the cursor in the input line.

  3. Copy the formula into the input line by pressing + C.

  4. Select a range of cells where you want to insert the array formula and either press F2 or position the cursor in the input line.

  5. Paste the formula by pressing + V in the selected space and confirm it by pressing + Shift + Enter. The selected range now contains the array formula.

λ°°μ—΄ λ²”μœ„ μ‘°μ •

좜λ ₯ 배열을 νŽΈμ§‘ν•˜λ €λ©΄ λ‹€μŒ μž‘μ—…μ„ μˆ˜ν–‰ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  1. λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ΄ ν¬ν•¨λœ μ…€ λ²”μœ„ λ˜λŠ” 배열을 μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  2. 선택 μ˜μ—­ μ•„λž˜μ˜ 였λ₯Έμͺ½μ—λŠ” 마우슀둜 λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό ν™•λŒ€ν•˜κ±°λ‚˜ μΆ•μ†Œν•˜λŠ” 데 μ‚¬μš©ν•  수 μžˆλŠ” μž‘μ€ μ•„μ΄μ½˜μ΄ ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

λ°°μ—΄ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ‘°μ •ν•  λ•Œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹μ€ μžλ™μœΌλ‘œ μ‘°μ •λ˜μ§€ μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. κ²°κ³Όκ°€ ν‘œμ‹œλ˜λŠ” λ²”μœ„λ§Œ λ³€κ²½λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.


By holding down the key, you can create a copy of the array formula in the given range.

쑰건뢀 λ°°μ—΄ 계산

쑰건뢀 λ°°μ—΄ 계산은 IF() λ˜λŠ” CHOOSE() ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό ν¬ν•¨ν•˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄μ΄λ‚˜ ν–‰λ ¬ μˆ˜μ‹μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. μˆ˜μ‹μ˜ 쑰건 μΈμˆ˜λŠ” μ˜μ—­ μ°Έμ‘° λ˜λŠ” ν–‰λ ¬ κ²°κ³Όμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ‹€μŒ μ˜ˆμ—μ„œ {=IF(A1:A3>0;"yes";"no")} μˆ˜μ‹μ˜ >0 ν…ŒμŠ€νŠΈκ°€ A1:A3 λ²”μœ„μ— μžˆλŠ” 각 셀에 적용되며 κ²°κ³Όκ°€ ν•΄λ‹Ή 셀에 λ³΅μ‚¬λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

A

B (μˆ˜μ‹)

B(κ²°κ³Ό)

1

1

{=IF(A1:A3>0;"yes";"no")}

예

2

0

{=IF(A1:A3>0;"yes";"no")}

μ•„λ‹ˆμš”

3

1

{=IF(A1:A3>0;"yes";"no")}

예


λ‹€μŒ ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” κ°•μ œ λ°°μ—΄ 처리λ₯Ό μ œκ³΅ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€: CORREL, COVAR, FORECAST, FTEST, INTERCEPT, MDETERM, MINVERSE, MMULT, MODE, PEARSON, PROB, RSQ, SLOPE, STEYX, SUMPRODUCT, SUMX2MY2, SUMX2PY2, SUMXMY2, TTEST. μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ ν•¨μˆ˜ 쀑 ν•˜λ‚˜λ₯Ό ν˜ΈμΆœν•  λ•Œ μ˜μ—­ μ°Έμ‘°λ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•˜λ©΄ ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜μ²˜λŸΌ μž‘λ™ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ‹€μŒ ν‘œμ—λŠ” κ°•μ œ λ°°μ—΄ 처리의 μ˜ˆκ°€ λ‚˜μ™€ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

A

B (μˆ˜μ‹)

B(κ²°κ³Ό)

C (κ°•μ œ λ°°μ—΄ μˆ˜μ‹)

C (κ²°κ³Ό)

1

1

=A1:A2+1

2

SUMPRODUCT(A1:A2+1)

5

2

2

=A1:A2+1

3

SUMPRODUCT(A1:A2+1)

5

3

=A1:A2+1

κ°’

SUMPRODUCT(A1:A2+1)

5


FREQUENCY

Indicates the frequency distribution in a one-column-array. The function counts the number of values in the Data array that are within the values given by the Classes array.

Syntax

FREQUENCY(데이터; 클래슀)

λ°μ΄ν„°λŠ” 계산할 κ°’μ˜ μ°Έμ‘°λ₯Ό λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

ν΄λž˜μŠ€λŠ” μ œν•œκ°’μ˜ 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

이 νŽ˜μ΄μ§€μ˜ μœ„μ—μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜μ— λŒ€ν•œ 일반적인 μ†Œκ°œλ₯Ό 확인할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


Example

λ‹€μŒ ν…Œμ΄λΈ”μ—μ„œ μ—΄ AλŠ” μ •λ ¬λ˜μ§€ μ•Šμ€ 츑정값을 λ‚˜μ—΄ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ—΄ BλŠ” μ—΄ A의 데이터λ₯Ό λ‚˜λˆŒ λ•Œ μ‚¬μš©ν•  ν΄λž˜μŠ€μ— λŒ€ν•΄ μž…λ ₯ν•œ μƒν•œκ°’μ„ ν¬ν•¨ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. B1에 μž…λ ₯ν•œ μƒν•œκ°’μ— 따라 FREQUENCY ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” 5보닀 μž‘κ±°λ‚˜ 같은 μΈ‘μ •κ°’ 수λ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. B2의 μƒν•œκ°’μ΄ 10이기 λ•Œλ¬Έμ— FREQUENCY ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” 5보닀 ν¬κ±°λ‚˜ 10보닀 ν¬κ±°λ‚˜ 같은 μΈ‘μ •κ°’ 수λ₯Ό 두 번째 결과둜 κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. B6에 μž…λ ₯ν•œ ">25" ν…μŠ€νŠΈλŠ” 참쑰용으둜만 μ‚¬μš©λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

A

B

C

1

12

5

1

2

8

10

3

3

24

15

2

4

11

20

3

5

5

25

1

6

20

>25

1

7

16

8

9

9

7

10

16

11

33


클래슀 μƒν•œκ°’λ³΄λ‹€ 큰 값에 λŒ€ν•œ λΉˆλ„λ₯Ό μž…λ ₯ν•  단일 μ—΄ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 클래슀 μƒν•œκ°’λ³΄λ‹€ ν•˜λ‚˜ 더 λ§Žμ€ ν•„λ“œλ₯Ό 선택해야 ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 이 μ˜ˆμ—μ„œλŠ” λ²”μœ„ C1:C6을 μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. ν•¨μˆ˜ λ§ˆλ²•μ‚¬μ—μ„œ FREQUENCY ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό ν˜ΈμΆœν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. (A1:A11)μ—μ„œ 데이터 λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•œ λ‹€μŒ, 클래슀 μ œν•œκ°’(B1:B6)을 μž…λ ₯ν•œ 클래슀 λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ ν™•μΈλž€μ„ μ„ νƒν•˜κ³  확인을 ν΄λ¦­ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ²”μœ„ C1:C6의 λΉˆλ„ μˆ˜κ°€ ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

LINEST

데이터 집합에 κ°€μž₯ μ ν•©ν•œ 직선에 λŒ€ν•œ ν†΅κ³„ν‘œλ₯Ό λ°˜ν™˜ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

LINEST(data_Y [; data_X [; linearType [; stats]]])

데이터Y λŠ” 데이터 μ λ“€μ˜ μ§‘ν•©μ—μ„œ y μ’Œν‘œλ₯Ό μ§€μ •ν•˜λŠ” ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ ν–‰μ΄λ‚˜ μ—΄ λ²”μœ„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

데이터X λŠ” λŒ€μ‘ν•˜λŠ” x μ’Œν‘œλ₯Ό μ§€μ •ν•˜λŠ” ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ ν–‰μ΄λ‚˜ μ—΄ λ²”μœ„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. 데이터X κ°€ μƒλž΅λ˜λ©΄, 기본적으둜 1, 2, 3, ..., n κ°€ λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. . λ§Œμ•½ λ³€μˆ˜μ˜ 집합이 ν•˜λ‚˜ 초과둜 있으면, 데이터X λŠ” λŒ€μ‘ν•˜λŠ” μ—¬λŸ¬ 개의 ν–‰ ν˜Ήμ€ μ—΄μ˜ λ²”μœ„κ°€ 될 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

LINEST λŠ” 데이터에 κ°€μž₯ μ ν•©ν•œ 직선 y = a + bx 을 μ°ΎμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€., using linear regression (the "least squares" method). With more than one set of variables the straight line is of the form y = a + b1x1 + b2x2 ... + bnxn.

If linearType is FALSE the straight line found is forced to pass through the origin (the constant a is zero; y = bx). If omitted, linearType defaults to TRUE (the line is not forced through the origin).

If stats is omitted or FALSE only the top line of the statistics table is returned. If TRUE the entire table is returned.

LINEST returns a table (array) of statistics as below and must be entered as an array formula (for example by using + Shift + Return rather than just Return).

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

More explanations on top of this page.

Example

이 ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” 배열을 λ°˜ν™˜ν•˜λ©°, λ‹€λ₯Έ λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό μ·¨κΈ‰ν•˜λŠ” 것과 같은 λ°©μ‹μœΌλ‘œ μ·¨κΈ‰λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 닡을 κ΅¬ν•˜κΈ° μœ„ν•œ λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ •ν•˜κ³  ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 데이터Y λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ›ν•œλ‹€λ©΄ λ‹€λ₯Έ 맀개 λ³€μˆ˜λ₯Ό μž…λ ₯ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 배열을 μ„ νƒν•œ ν›„ OK λ₯Ό ν΄λ¦­ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Statsκ°€ 0일 경우 λ°˜ν™˜λ˜λŠ” 값은 νšŒκ·€κ³‘μ„ μ˜ κΈ°μšΈκΈ°μ™€ Y 절편의 κ°’λ§Œμ„ 보여쀄 κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. Statsκ°€ 0이 아닐 경우 λ‹€λ₯Έ 값이 ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ‹€λ₯Έ LINEST κ²°κ³Ό:

λ‹€μŒ 예λ₯Ό κ²€μ‚¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

1

x1

x2

y

μž”μ‘΄ κ°€μΉ˜

2

4

7

100

4,17

-3,48

82,33

3

5

9

105

5,46

10,96

9,35

4

6

11

104

0,87

5,06

#NA

5

7

12

108

13,21

4

#NA

6

8

15

111

675,45

102,26

#NA

7

9

17

120

8

10

19

133


μ—΄ AλŠ” μ—¬λŸ¬ X1 값을, μ—΄ BλŠ” μ—¬λŸ¬ X2 값을, μ—΄ CλŠ” μ—¬λŸ¬ Y 값을 ν¬ν•¨ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ 값은 이미 μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ— μž…λ ₯λ˜μ–΄ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. 이제 μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ—μ„œ E2:G6을 μ„€μ •ν•˜κ³  ν•¨μˆ˜ λ§ˆλ²•μ‚¬λ₯Ό ν™œμ„±ν™”ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. LINEST ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό μž‘λ™ν•˜λ €λ©΄ Array ν™•μΈλž€μ„ ν•¨μˆ˜ λ§ˆλ²•μ‚¬μ—μ„œ ν‘œμ‹œν•œ μƒνƒœμ—¬μ•Ό ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ΄μ–΄μ„œ λ‹€μŒ 값을 μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ—μ„œ μ„ νƒν•˜κ±°λ‚˜ ν‚€λ³΄λ“œλ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ μž…λ ₯ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

데이터YλŠ” C2:C8μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

데이터XλŠ” A2:B8μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

LinearTypeκ³Ό StatsλŠ” λͺ¨λ‘ 1둜 μ§€μ •λ˜μ–΄ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

확인을 ν΄λ¦­ν•˜μžλ§ˆμž LibreOffice CalcλŠ” μ˜ˆμ— λ‚˜μ˜¨ κ²ƒμ²˜λŸΌ LINEST 값을 μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ μœ„ 예λ₯Ό μ±„μ›λ‹ˆλ‹€.

The formula in the Formula bar corresponds to each cell of the LINEST array {=LINEST(C2:C8;A2:B8;1;1)}.

κ³„μ‚°λœ LINEST 값을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

E2와 F2 셀은 x1κ³Ό x2의 νšŒκ·€κ³‘μ„  방정식 y=b+m*x의 κΈ°μšΈκΈ°κ°€ μ—­μˆœμœΌλ‘œ κΈ°λ‘λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ‹€μ‹œλ§ν•΄ E2 셀은 νšŒκ·€λ°©μ •μ‹ x2의 κΈ°μšΈκΈ°κ°€ μ €μž₯되고, F2 μ…€μ—λŠ” x1의 κΈ°μšΈκΈ°κ°€ μ €μž₯λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

G2: y μΆ•κ³Όμ˜ ꡐ차점 bμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

E3 및 F3: 기울기 κ°’μ˜ ν‘œμ€€ μ˜€μ°¨μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

G3: 절편의 ν‘œμ€€ μ˜€μ°¨μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

E4: RSQ

F4: Y 값에 λŒ€ν•΄ κ³„μ‚°λœ νšŒκ·€μ˜ ν‘œμ€€ μ˜€μ°¨μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

E5: λΆ„μ‚° λΆ„μ„μ˜ F κ°’μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

F5: λΆ„μ‚° λΆ„μ„μ˜ μžμœ λ„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

E6: μ„ ν˜• ν‰κ· μ˜ μ˜ˆμƒ Y 값에 λŒ€ν•œ 제곱 편차의 ν•©κ³„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

F6: 주어진 Y κ°’μ˜ μ˜ˆμƒ Y 값에 λŒ€ν•œ 제곱 편차의 ν•©κ³„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

SUMXMY2

두 배열에 μžˆλŠ” ν•΄λ‹Ή κ°’ μ‚¬μ΄μ˜ λΆ„μ‚° μ œκ³±μ„ μΆ”κ°€ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

SUMXMY2(λ°°μ—΄X; λ°°μ—΄Y)

λ°°μ—΄XλŠ” κ·Έ λ³€μˆ˜λ“€μ΄ 빼진 ν›„ 제곱될 첫번째 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄YλŠ” κ·Έ λ³€μˆ˜λ“€μ΄ 빼진 ν›„ 제곱될 λ‘λ²ˆμ§Έ 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

SUMX2MY2

두 배열에 μžˆλŠ” ν•΄λ‹Ή κ°’μ˜ 제곱 차이에 λŒ€ν•œ 합계λ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

SUMX2MY2(λ°°μ—΄X; λ°°μ—΄Y)

λ°°μ—΄XλŠ” 각각의 μ›μ†Œλ₯Ό μ œκ³±ν•œ ν›„ 더할 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄YλŠ” 각각의 μ›μ†Œλ₯Ό μ œκ³±ν•œ ν›„ λΊ„ 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

SUMX2PY2

두 배열에 μžˆλŠ” ν•΄λ‹Ή κ°’μ˜ 제곱 합에 λŒ€ν•œ 합계λ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

SUMX2PY2(λ°°μ—΄X; λ°°μ—΄Y)

λ°°μ—΄XλŠ” 각각의 μ›μ†Œλ₯Ό μ œκ³±ν•œ ν›„ 더할 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ°°μ—΄YλŠ” 각각의 μ›μ†Œλ₯Ό μ œκ³±ν•œ ν›„ 더할 λ‘λ²ˆμ§Έ 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

MMULT

두 λ°°μ—΄μ˜ λ°°μ—΄ 곱을 κ³„μ‚°ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ 1의 μ—΄ μˆ˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄ 2의 ν–‰ μˆ˜μ™€ μΌμΉ˜ν•΄μ•Ό ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• 배열은 같은 수의 ν–‰κ³Ό 열을 κ°€μ§‘λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

MMULT(Array 1; Array 2)

Array 1 represents the first array used in the array product.

Array 2 represents the second array with the same number of rows.

note

More explanations on top of this page.


Example

Select a square range. Choose the MMULT function. Select Array 1, then select Array 2. Using the Function Wizard, mark the Array check box. Click OK. The output array will appear in the first selected range.

MDETERM

λ°°μ—΄μ˜ λ°°μ—΄ 배열식을 κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 이 ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” ν˜„μž¬ 셀에 값을 κ΅¬ν•˜λ―€λ‘œ 결과의 λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό 지정할 ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

MDETERM(λ°°μ—΄)

배열은 배열식이 μ§€μ •λ˜λŠ” μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

You can find a general introduction to using Array functions on top of this page.


More explanations on top of this page.

GROWTH

λ°°μ—΄μ˜ μ§€μˆ˜ 좔세점을 κ³„μ‚°ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

GROWTH(DataY [; [ DataX ] [; [ NewDataX ] [; FunctionType ] ] ])

DataYλŠ” Y데이터 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

DataX(선택)λŠ” X 데이터 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

NewDataXλŠ” μž…λ ₯ 선택사항이며 값이 λ‹€μ‹œ 계산될 Xλ°μ΄ν„°μ˜ 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

FunctionType (optional). If FunctionType = 0, functions in the form y = m^x will be calculated. Otherwise, y = b*m^x functions will be calculated.

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

More explanations on top of this page.

Example

This function returns an array and is handled in the same way as the other array functions. Select a range where you want the answers to appear and select the function. Select DataY. Enter any other parameters, mark Array and click OK.

TRANSPOSE

λ°°μ—΄μ˜ ν–‰κ³Ό 열을 λ°”κΏ‰λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

TRANSPOSE(λ°°μ—΄)

배열은 λ°”κΎΈλ €λŠ” μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ˜ 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

이 νŽ˜μ΄μ§€μ˜ μœ„μ—μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜ μ‚¬μš©μ— λŒ€ν•œ 일반적인 μ†Œκ°œλ₯Ό 확인할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


Example

In the spreadsheet, select the range in which the transposed array can appear. If the original array has n rows and m columns, your selected range must have at least m rows and n columns. Then enter the formula directly, select the original array and press . Or, if you are using the Function Wizard, mark the Array check box. The transposed array appears in the selected target range and is protected automatically against changes.

A

B

C

D

1

2

3

4

5

2

6

7

8

9


The above table is 2 rows, 4 columns. In order to transpose it, you must select 4 rows, 2 columns. Assuming you want to transpose the above table to the range A7:B10 (4 rows, 2 columns) you must select the entire range and then enter the following:

TRANSPOSE(A1:D2)

Then make sure to enter it as matrix formula with . The result will be as follows:

A

B

7

2

6

8

3

7

9

4

8

10

5

9


TREND

μ„ ν˜• 좔세와 ν•¨κ»˜ 값을 κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

TREND(DataY [; DataX [; NewDataX [; LinearType]]])

DataYλŠ” Y데이터 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

DataX(선택)λŠ” X 데이터 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

NewDataXλŠ” μž…λ ₯ 선택사항이며 값을 λ‹€μ‹œ 계산할 λ•Œ μ΄μš©λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

LinearType (optional). If LinearType = 0, then lines will be calculated through the zero point. Otherwise, offset lines will also be calculated. The default is LinearType <> 0.

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

More explanations on top of this page.

Example

Select a spreadsheet range in which the trend data will appear. Select the function. Enter the output data or select it with the mouse. Mark the Array field, click OK. The trend data calculated from the output data is displayed.

MINVERSE

μ—­ 배열을 κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

MINVERSE(λ°°μ—΄)

배열은 λ°˜μ „λ˜λŠ” μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

More explanations on top of this page.

Example

μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•˜κ³  MINVERSEλ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 좜λ ₯ 배열을 μ„ νƒν•˜κ³  λ°°μ—΄ ν•„λ“œλ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•œ λ‹€μŒ 확인을 ν΄λ¦­ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

LOGEST

이 ν•¨μˆ˜λŠ” μž…λ ₯ν•œ λ°μ΄ν„°μ˜ 쑰정을 μ§€μˆ˜ νšŒκ·€ κ³‘μ„ μœΌλ‘œ κ³„μ‚°ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€(y=b*m^x).

Syntax

LOGEST(DataY [; DataX [; FunctionType [; Stats]]])

DataYλŠ” Y데이터 배열을 μ˜λ―Έν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

DataX(선택)λŠ” X 데이터 배열을 λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

ν•¨μˆ˜ν˜•μ€ μ„ νƒμž…λ ₯μ‚¬ν•­μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. 만일 ν•¨μˆ˜ν˜•μ΄ 0일 κ²½μš°μ—λŠ” y = m^x 식이 μ μš©λ˜μ–΄ 계산이 μˆ˜ν–‰λ˜λ©°, μ΄μ™Έμ˜ κ²½μš°μ—λŠ” y = b*m^x μˆ˜μ‹μœΌλ‘œ 계산이 μˆ˜ν–‰λ  κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Stats (μ˜΅μ…˜). Stats=0이면 νšŒκ·€ κ³„μˆ˜λ§Œ κ³„μ‚°λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

More explanations on top of this page.

Example

LINESTλ₯Ό μ°Έμ‘°ν•˜μ‹­μ‹œμ˜€. 단, 제곱 합이 ꡬ해지지 μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

MUNIT

μΌμ •ν•œ 크기의 단일 μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• 배열을 κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 이 단일 배열은 κΈ°λ³Έ λŒ€κ°μ„  μš”μ†Œκ°€ 1이고 λ‹€λ₯Έ λͺ¨λ“  λ°°μ—΄ μš”μ†Œκ°€ 0인 μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• λ°°μ—΄μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

MUNIT(Dimensions)

μΉ˜μˆ˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄ λ‹¨μœ„μ˜ 크기λ₯Ό λ‚˜νƒ€λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

이 νŽ˜μ΄μ§€μ˜ μœ„μ—μ„œ λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜μ— λŒ€ν•œ 일반적인 μ†Œκ°œλ₯Ό 확인할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


Example

μŠ€ν”„λ ˆλ“œμ‹œνŠΈμ—μ„œ μ •μ‚¬κ°ν˜• λ²”μœ„(예: A1μ—μ„œ E5κΉŒμ§€)λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό 선택 μ·¨μ†Œν•˜μ§€ μ•Šκ³  MUNIT ν•¨μˆ˜λ₯Ό μ„ νƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ°°μ—΄ μ²΄ν¬λ°•μŠ€μ— ν‘œμ‹œν•˜κ³  μ›ν•˜λŠ” λ°°μ—΄μ˜ μ°¨μ›μˆ˜λ₯Ό μž…λ ₯ν•œ ν›„(이 경우 5) OK 단좔λ₯Ό ν΄λ¦­ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

You can also enter the =MUNIT(5) formula in the last cell of the selected range (E5), and press .

이제 A1:E5 λ²”μœ„λ₯Ό 가진 λ‹¨μœ„ 배열이 ν‘œμ‹œλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

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SUMPRODUCT

주어진 λ°°μ—΄μ—μ„œ ν•΄λ‹Ή μš”μ†Œλ₯Ό κ³±ν•˜κ³  μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ 곱의 합계λ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

Syntax

SUMPRODUCT(Array 1[; Array 2;][...;[Array 255]])

Array 1[; Array 2;][...;[Array 255]] represent arrays whose corresponding elements are to be multiplied.

At least one array must be part of the argument list. If only one array is given, all array elements are summed. If more than one array is given, they must all be the same size.

Example

A

B

C

D

1

2

3

4

5

2

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3

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13


=SUMPRODUCT(A1:B3;C1:D3)λŠ” 397을 λ°˜ν™˜ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

계산: A1*C1 + B1*D1 + A2*C2 + B2*D2 + A3*C3 + B3*D3

SUMPRODUCTλ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ 두 λ²‘ν„°μ˜ 슀칼라 곱을 계산할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

note

SUMPRODUCTλŠ” 단일 숫자λ₯Ό κ΅¬ν•˜λ©° λ°°μ—΄ ν•¨μˆ˜λ‘œ μž…λ ₯ν•  ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


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