# Logical Functions

This category contains the Logical functions.

### Handling non-logical arguments in logical functions

• Zero (0) is equivalent to FALSE and all other numbers are equivalent to TRUE.

• Empty cells and text in cells are ignored.

• A #VALUE error is raised if all arguments are ignored.

• A #VALUE error is raised if one argument is direct text (not text in a cell).

• Errors as argument lead to an error.

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Insert - Function - Category Logical

### ISNA

Returns TRUE if a cell contains the #N/A (value not available) error value.

If an error occurs, the function returns FALSE.

#### Syntax

ISNA(Gildi)

Value is the value or expression to be tested.

#### Example

=ISNA(D3) returns FALSE as a result.

### ISERROR

Returns the value if the cell does not contain an error value, or the alternative value if it does.

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.0.

#### Syntax

IFERROR(Value; Alternate_value)

Value is the value or expression to be returned if it is not equal or results in an error.

Alternate_value is the value or expression to be returned if the expression or value of Value is equal or results in an error.

#### Example

=IFERROR(C8;C9) þar sem reitur C8 inniheldur =1/0 skilar gildinu á C9, vegna þess að 1/0 er villa.

=IFERROR(C8;C9) þar sem reitur C8 inniheldur =13 skilar 13 sem er gildið á C9, sem ekki er villa.

## IFS

IFS is a multiple IF-function.

## SWITCH

SWITCH compares expression with value1 to valuen and returns the result belonging to the first value that equals expression. If there is no match and default_result is given, that will be returned.

## IF

Kannar hvort skilyrði sé uppfært og skilar einu gildi ef SATT og öðru gildi ef ÓSATT.

#### Syntax

IF(Test [; [ThenValue] [; [OtherwiseValue]]])

Test is any value or expression that can be TRUE or FALSE.

ThenValue (optional) is the value that is returned if the logical test is TRUE.

OtherwiseValue (optional) is the value that is returned if the logical test is FALSE.

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

#### Example

=IF(A1>5;100;"too small") If the value in A1 is greater than 5, the value 100 is returned; otherwise, the text too small is returned.

=IF(A1>5;;"too small") If the value in A1 is greater than 5, the value 0 is returned because empty parameters are considered to be 0; otherwise, the text too small is returned.

=IF(A1>5;100;) If the value in A1 is less than 5, the value 0 is returned because the empty OtherwiseValue is interpreted as 0; otherwise 100 is returned.

## NOT

Complements (inverts) a logical value.

#### Syntax

NOT(LogicalValue)

LogicalValue is any value to be complemented.

#### Example

=NOT(A). If A=TRUE then NOT(A) will evaluate FALSE.

## OG

Returns TRUE if all arguments are TRUE. If one of the elements is FALSE, this function returns the FALSE value.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

#### Syntax

AND(Logical 1 [; Logical 2 [; … [; Logical 255]]])

Logical 1, Logical 2, … , Logical 255 are boolean values, references to cells or to cell ranges of logical values.

This function ignores any text or empty cell within a data range. If you suspect wrong results from this function, look for text in the data ranges. To highlight text contents in a data range, use the value highlighting feature.

#### Example

The logical values of entries 12<13; 14>12, and 7<6 are to be checked:

=AND(12<13;14>12;7<6) skilar ÓSATT.

=AND(FALSE();TRUE()) returns FALSE.

## OR

Returns TRUE if at least one argument is TRUE. This function returns the value FALSE, if all the arguments have the logical value FALSE.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

#### Syntax

OR(Logical 1 [; Logical 2 [; … [; Logical 255]]])

Logical 1, Logical 2, … , Logical 255 are boolean values, references to cells or to cell ranges of logical values.

This function ignores any text or empty cell within a data range. If you suspect wrong results from this function, look for text in the data ranges. To highlight text contents in a data range, use the value highlighting feature.

#### Example

The logical values of entries 12<11; 13>22, and 45=45 are to be checked.

=OR(12<11;13>22;45=45) skilar SATT.

=OR(FALSE();TRUE()) returns TRUE.

## SATT

The logical value is set to TRUE. The TRUE() function does not require any arguments, and always returns the logical value TRUE.

TRUE()

#### Example

If A=TRUE and B=FALSE the following examples appear:

=AND(A;B) skilar ÓSATT

=OR(A;B) skilar SATT

=NOT(AND(A;B)) skilar SATT

## XOR

Returns true if an odd number of arguments evaluates to TRUE.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

This function is available since LibreOffice 4.0.

#### Syntax

XOR(Logical 1 [; Logical 2 [; … [; Logical 255]]])

Logical 1, Logical 2, … , Logical 255 are boolean values, references to cells or to cell ranges of logical values.

#### Example

=XOR(TRUE();TRUE()) returns FALSE

=XOR(TRUE();TRUE();TRUE()) returns TRUE

=XOR(FALSE();TRUE()) returns TRUE

## ÓSATT

Returns the logical value FALSE. The FALSE() function does not require any arguments, and always returns the logical value FALSE.

FALSE()

#### Example

=FALSE() skilar ÓSATT

=NOT(FALSE()) skilar SATT