Memantau Kejadian Dokumen

Next to assigning macros to events, one can monitor events raised by LibreOffice documents. Application Programming Interface (API) broadcasters are responsible for calling event scripts. Unlike listeners that require to define all supported methods, even if unused, document monitors require only two methods next to hooked event scripts.

Mendengarkan ke Kejadian Dokumen

Pemantauan bisa diilustrasikan dengan ini untuk bahasa Basic dan Python menggunakan pemrograman berbasis objek. Menetapkan skripOnLoad, ke kejadian Buka Dokumen, cukup untuk menginisiasi dan mengakhiri pemantauan kejadian dokumen, menu Perkakas - Ubah Suai... tab Kejadian digunakan untuk menetapkan kedua skrip.

Memotong kejadian membantu pengaturan skrip pra- dan pasca-kondisi seperti memuat dan menanggalkan pustaka atau melacak pemrosesan skrip di latar belakang. Penggunaan modul Jejak Access2Base mengilustrasikan konteks kedua.

Dengan menggunakan Python

Pemantauan kejadian dimulai ketika objek diinstansiasi dan akhirnya diberhentikan ketika Python melepaskan objek. Kejadian yang dibangkitkan dilaporkan menggunakan konsol Access2Base.

note

Kejadian OnLoad dan OnUnload dapat digunakan untuk menyetel dan membuang path program Python. Mereka dideskripsikan sebagai Buka dokumen dan Dokumen ditutup.



         # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
         from __future__ import unicode_literals
             
         import os.path, uno, unohelper
         from com.sun.star.document import DocumentEvent, \
             XDocumentEventListener as AdapterPattern
         from com.sun.star.lang import EventObject
             
         class UiDocument(unohelper.Base, AdapterPattern):
             """ Memantau kejadian dalam dokumen """
             '''
             diadaptasi dari 'skrip Python untuk memantau peristiwa OnSave' pada
             https://forum.openoffice.org/en/forum/viewtopic.php?t=68887
             '''
             def __init__(self):
                 """ Pemantau kejadian dalam dokumen """
                 ''' laporkan menggunakan konsol Access2Base.Trace ATAU
                 laporkan dalam sheet pertama, kolom pertama untuk dokumen Calc '''
                 ctx = uno.getComponentContext()
                 smgr = ctx.getServiceManager()
                 desktop = smgr.createInstanceWithContext(
                 'com.sun.star.frame.Desktop' , ctx)
                 self.doc = desktop.CurrentComponent
                 #self.row = 0  # hilangkan komentar hanya untuk dokumen Calc
                 Console.setLevel("DEBUG")
                 self.listen()  # Mulai memonitor kejadian dalam dok.
             
             @property
             def Filename(self) -> str:
                 sys_filename = uno.fileUrlToSystemPath(self.doc.URL)
                 return os.path.basename(sys_filename)
             
             def setCell(self, calcDoc, txt: str):
                 """ Keluaran kejadian dokumen dalam kolom pertama dari spreadsheet Calc """
                 sheet = calcDoc.getSheets().getByIndex(0)
                 sheet.getCellByPosition(0,self.row).setString(txt)
                 self.row = self.row + 1
             
             def listen(self, *args):  # OnLoad/OnNew saat paling awal
                 """ Mulai memantau kejadian dalam dok. """
                 self.doc.addDocumentEventListener(self)
                 Console.log("INFO", "Kejadian dokumen sedang dicatat", True)
             
             def sleep(self, *args):  # OnUnload at the latest (opsional)
                 """ Berhenti memonitor kejadian dalam dokumen """
                 self.doc.removeDocumentEventListener(self)
                 Console.log("INFO", "Kejadian dokumen telah dicatat", True)
             
             def documentEventOccured(self, event: DocumentEvent):
                 """ Menangkap semua kejadian dokumen """
                 #self.setCell(event.Source, event.EventName) # hanya untuk dokumen Calc
                 Console.log("DEBUG",
                     event.EventName+" in "+self.Filename,
                     False)
             
             def disposing(self, event: EventObject):
                 """ Lepas semua aktivitas """
                 self.sleep()
                 Console.show()
             
         def OnLoad(*args):  # peristiwa 'Buka Dokumen'
             listener = UiDocument()  # Initiates listening
             
         def OnUnload(*args):  # peristiwa 'Dokumen telah ditutup'
             pass  # (opsional) dilakukan ketika state-nya disposed
             
         g_exportedScripts = (OnLoad,)
             
         from com.sun.star.script.provider import XScript
         class Console():
             """
             Konsol latar depan/belakang untuk melaporkan/mencatat eksekusi program.
             """
             @staticmethod
             def trace(*args,**kwargs):
                 """ Cetak daftar item bebas ke konsol """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='DebugPrint', module='Compatible')
                 scr.invoke((args),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def log(level: str, text: str, msgBox=False):
                 """ Tambahkan log pesan ke konsol, prompt pengguna opsional """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceLog')
                 scr.invoke((level,text,msgBox),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def setLevel(logLevel: str):
                 """ Setel batas bawah log pesan """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceLevel')
                 scr.invoke((logLevel,),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def show():
                 """ Tampilkan konten/dialog konsol """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceConsole')
                 scr.invoke((),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def _a2bScript(script: str, library='Access2Base',
                 module='Trace') -> XScript:
                 ''' Grab application-based Basic script '''
                 sm = uno.getComponentContext().ServiceManager
                 mspf = sm.createInstanceWithContext(
                     "com.sun.star.script.provider.MasterScriptProviderFactory",
                     uno.getComponentContext())
                 scriptPro = mspf.createScriptProvider("")
                 scriptName = "vnd.sun.star.script:"+library+"."+module+"."+script+"?language=Basic&location=application"
                 xScript = scriptPro.getScript(scriptName)
                 return xScript
      
warning

Perhatikan kesalahan ejaan metode documentEventOccured yang membawa kesalahan ketik dari LibreOffice Application Programming Interface (API).


Ikon Tip

Start application and Close application events can respectively be used to set and to unset Python path for user scripts or LibreOffice scripts. In a similar fashion, document based Python libraries or modules can be loaded and released using Open document and Document closed events. Refer to Importing Python Modules for more information.


Dengan Basic LibreOffice

The Onload script is assigned to Open document event using Tools – Customise... menu Events tab. Events monitoring starts from the moment a ConsoleLogger object is instantiated and ultimately stops when Basic engine releases it. OnLoad event loads necessary Basic libraries, while caught events are reported using Access2Base.Trace module.


          REM controller.Events module
          Option Explicit
          Private _obj As Object ' controller.ConsoleLogger instance
              
          Sub OnLoad(evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent) ' >> Open Document <<
              _obj = New ConsoleLogger : _obj.Start(evt)
          End Sub ' controller.OnLoad
          ' ----
          REM controller.ConsoleLogger class module
          Option Explicit
          Option Compatible
          Option ClassModule
              
          ' ADAPTER design pattern object to be instantiated in « Open Document » event
          Private Const UI_PROMPT = True
          Private Const UI_NOPROMPT = False ' Set it to True to visualise documents events
              
          ' CONSTRUCTOR/DESTRUCTOR
          Private Sub Class_Initialize()
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.Initialize
          Private Sub Class_Terminate()
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.Terminate
              
          ' MEMBERS
          Private _evtAdapter As Object ' com.sun.star.document.XDocumentEventBroadcaster
              
          ' PROPERTIES
          Private Property Get FileName As String
              ''' System-dependent filename '''
              Const _LIBRARY = "Tools" : With GlobalScope.BasicLibraries
                  If Not .IsLibraryLoaded(_LIBRARY) Then .LoadLibrary(_LIBRARY)
              End With
              Filename = Tools.Strings.FilenameOutofPath(ThisComponent.URL)
          End Property ' controller.ConsoleLogger.Filename
              
          ' METHODS
          Private Sub _documentEventOccured(evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Monitor document events '''
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("DEBUG", _
                  evt.EventName &" in "& Filename(evt.Source.URL), _
                  UI_NOPROMPT)
              Select Case evt.EventName
                  Case "OnUnload" : _Stop(evt)
              End Select
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger._documentEventOccured
              
          Private Sub _disposing(evt As com.sun.star.lang.EventObject)
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.disposing
              
          Public Sub Start(Optional evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Initialize document events logging '''
              Const _LIBRARY = "Access2Base" : With GlobalScope.BasicLibraries
                  If Not .IsLibraryLoaded(_LIBRARY) Then .LoadLibrary(_LIBRARY)
              End With : Access2Base.Trace.TraceLevel("DEBUG")
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("INFO", _
                  IIf(IsMissing(evt),"",evt.EventName & "-") & "Document events are being logged", _
                  UI_PROMPT)
              
              _evtAdapter = CreateUnoListener( "_", "com.sun.star.document.XDocumentEventListener" )
              ThisComponent.addDocumentEventListener( _evtAdapter )
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.Start
              
          Private Sub _Stop(Optional evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Terminate document events logging '''
              ThisComponent.removeDocumentEventListener( _evtAdapter )
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("INFO", _
                  IIf(IsMissing(evt),"",evt.EventName & "-") & "Document events have been logged", _
                  UI_PROMPT)
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceConsole() ' Captured events dialog
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger._Stop
              
          ' EVENTS
          ' Your code for handled events goes here
      
warning

Mind the misspelled _documentEventOccured method that inherits a typo from LibreOffice Application Programming Interface (API).


Discovering Documents Events

The broadcaster API object provides the list of events it is responsible for:

With Python


         # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
         from __future__ import unicode_literals
             
         import uno, apso_utils as ui
             
         def displayAvailableEvents():
             """ Display document events """
             '''
             adapted from DisplayAvailableEvents() by A. Pitonyak
             https://forum.openoffice.org/en/forum/viewtopic.php?&t=43689
             '''
             ctx = XSCRIPTCONTEXT.getComponentContext()
             smgr = ctx.ServiceManager
             geb = smgr.createInstanceWithContext(
                 "com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster", ctx)
             events = geb.Events.getElementNames()
             ui.msgbox('; '.join(events))
             
         g_exportedScripts = (displayAvailableEvents,)
      
note

The Alternative Python Script Organizer (APSO) extension is used to render events information on screen.


With LibreOffice Basic


         Sub DisplayAvailableEvents
             ''' Display document events '''
             Dim geb As Object ' com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster
             Dim events() As String
             geb = CreateUnoService("com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster")
             events = geb.Events.ElementNames()
             MsgBox Join(events, "; ")
         End Sub
      

Mohon dukung kami!