# Operators in LibreOffice Calc

You can use the following operators in LibreOffice Calc:

## Arithmetical Operators

These operators return numerical results.

Operator

Name

Example

+

1+1

-

Subtraction

2-1

-

Negation

-5

*

Multiplication

2*2

/

Division

9/3

%

Percent

15%

^

Exponentiation

3^2

Prefix "-" (negation) has a higher precedence than "^" (exponentiation). For example -3^2 equals 9, which is the square of a negative number.

## Comparative operators

These operators return either true or false.

Operator

Name

Example

=

Equal

A1=B1

>

Greater than

A1>B1

<

Less than

A1<B1

>=

Greater than or equal to

A1>=B1

<=

Less than or equal to

A1<=B1

<>

Inequality

A1<>B1

## Text operators

The operator combines separate texts into one text.

Operator

Mjeno

&

text concatenation

"Sun" & "day" is "Sunday"

## Poćahowe operatory

Tute operatory celowy wobłuk wot nul celow, jedneje cele a wjacore cele wróća.

Wobłuk ma najwyšu prioritu, potom rězne mnóstwo a naposledk zjednoćenske mnóstwo.

Operator

Mjeno

:

Wobłuk

A1:C108, A:D abo 3:13

!

Rězne mnóstwo

SUMA(A1:B6!B5:C12)

Wuličuje sumu wšě h celow w rěznym mnóstwje; w tutym přikładźe je wuslědk suma celow B5 a B6.

~

Zjednoćenje abo zjednoćenske mnóstwo

Bjerje dwaj poćahaj a wróća referencnu lisćinu, kotraž je zjednoćenje lěweho poćaha, slědowany přez prawy poćah. Dwójne zapiski so dwójce referencuja.

=LIČBA(A1:B2~B2:C3) hódnoty A:B2 a B2:C3 liči. Dźiwajće na to, zo cela B2 so dwójce liči.

=INDEKS(A1:B2~C1:D2;2;1;2) celu C2 wuběra, to rěka, prěnja cela druheje linki, prěnjeje špalty wubraneho wobłuka (C1:D2) wobłukoweje lisćiny.

Referencna lisćina we wurazu pólneje wariable dowolena njeje.

## Operator precedence

Associativity and precedence of operators, from highest to lowest precedence.

Associativity

Operator(s)

left

:

Range.

left

!

Reference intersection (A1:C4!B1:B5 is B1:B4).

left

~

Reference union.

right

+,-

Prefix unary operators. For example, -5 or -A1. Note that these have a different precedence than add and subtract.

left

%

Postfix unary operator % (divide by 100). Note that this is legal with expressions, for example, B1%.

left

^

Power (2^3 is 8).

left

*,/

Multiply, divide.

left

+,-

Binary operations add, subtract. Note that unary (prefix) + and - have a different precedence.

left

&

Binary operation string concatenation. Note that "&" shall be escaped when included in an XML document.

left

=, <>, <, <=,
>, >=

Comparison operators equal to, not equal to, less than, less than or equal to, greater than, greater than or equal to.

Prefix "-" has a higher precedence than "^", "^" is left-associative, and reference intersection has a higher precedence than reference union.

Prefix "+" and "-" are defined to be right-associative. However, note that typical applications which implement at most the operators defined in this specification (as specified) may implement them as left-associative, because the calculated results will be identical.

Precedence can be overridden by using parentheses, so "=2+3*4" computes to 14 but "=(2+3)*4" computes 20.

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