CONVERT function

Converts a value from one unit of measurement to the corresponding value in another unit of measurement. Enter the units of measurement directly as text in quotation marks or as a reference. The units of measurement specified through the arguments must match the supported unit symbols, which are case-sensitive. For example, the symbol for the unit "newton" is the uppercase "N".

The measurement units recognized by CONVERT fall into 13 groups, which are listed below. CONVERT will perform conversions between any two units within one group but reject any request to convert between units in different groups.

You can also add binary and decimal prefixes to units of measurement that support them. The list of all prefixes and their corresponding multipliers are shown below.

warning

This function may not be compatible with other spreadsheet software.


Syntax

CONVERT(Number; FromUnit; ToUnit)

Number is the number to be converted.

FromUnit is the unit from which conversion is taking place.

ToUnit is the unit to which conversion is taking place. Both units must be of the same type.

warning

If FromUnit and ToUnit are not valid units from the same group, then CONVERT reports an invalid argument error (Err:502).


उदाहरण

=CONVERT(-10; "C"; "F")

Here the function converts -10 degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit, returning the value 14. There is not a simple multiplicative relationship between temperature units, as different reference points are used. Hence, as in this case, an input negative number may be converted to a positive value.

=CONVERT(3.5; "mi"; "yd")

Here the function converts 3.5 international miles to yards, returning the value 6160. Both units are in the Length and distance group.

=CONVERT(256; "Gibit"; "Mibyte")

Here the function converts 256 gigibits to mebibytes, returning the value 32768. Both units (bit and byte) are in the Information group and support binary prefixes.

=CONVERT(1; "dyn"; "e")

Here the function returns an invalid argument error (Err:502) because the two units (dyne and erg) are in different groups (Force and Energy respectively).

Units of measurement

Below are the unit measurement groups supported by the CONVERT function. Beware that conversions can only happen between units that belong to the same group.

note

The column Prefix indicates whether or not a given unit of measurement supports prefixes.


Area

note

Some measurement units have more than one accepted symbol. The accepted unit symbols are separated by semicolons in the Unit symbol column.


Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"ang2" ; "ang^2"

Square angstrom

Yes

"ar"

Are

Yes

"ft2" ; "ft^2"

Square foot

No

"ha"

Hectare

No

"in2" ; "in^2"

Square inch

No

"ly2" ; "ly^2"

Square light-year

No

"m2" ; "m^2"

Square meter

Yes

"mi2" ; "mi^2"

Square international mile

No

"Morgen"

Morgen

No

"Nmi2" ; "Nmi^2"

Square nautical mile

No

"Pica2" ; "Pica^2" ; "picapt2" ; "picapt^2"

Square pica point

No

"pica2" ; "pica^2"

Square pica

No

"uk_acre" ; "acre"

International acre

No

"us_acre"

US survey acre

No

"yd2" ; "yd^2"

Square yard

No


Energy

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"BTU" ; "btu"

British thermal unit

No

"c"

Thermochemical calorie

Yes

"cal"

International Steam Table calorie

Yes

"e"

erg

Yes

"eV" ; "ev"

Electron volt

Yes

"flb"

Foot-pound

No

"HPh" ; "hh"

Horsepower-hour

No

"J"

Joule

Yes

"Wh" ; "wh"

Watt-hour

Yes


Flux density

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"ga"

Gauss

Yes

"T"

Tesla

Yes


Force

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"dyn" ; "dy"

Dyne

Yes

"N"

Newton

Yes

"lbf"

Pound-force

No

"pond"

Pond

Yes


Information

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"bit"

Bit

Yes

"byte"

Byte

Yes


Length and distance

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"ang"

Angstrom

Yes

"ell"

Ell

No

"ft"

Foot

No

"in"

Inch

No

"ly" ; "lightyear"

Light-year

Yes

"m"

Meter

Yes

"mi"

International mile

No

"Nmi"

Nautical mile

No

"parsec" ; "pc"

Parsec

Yes

"Pica" ; "picapt"

Pica point

No

"pica"

Pica

No

"survey_mi"

US survey mile

No

"yd"

Yard

No


Mass and weight

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"cwt" ; "shweight"

Short hundredweight

No

"g"

Gram

Yes

"grain"

Grain

No

"lbm"

Pound

No

"ozm"

Ounce

No

"pweight"

Pennyweight

No

"sg"

Slug

No

"stone"

Stone

No

"ton"

Short ton

No

"u"

Unified atomic mass unit

Yes

"uk_cwt" ; "lcwt" ; "hweight"

Long hundredweight

No

"uk_ton" ; "LTON" ; "brton"

Long ton

No


Power

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"HP" ; "h"

Mechanical horsepower

No

"PS"

Pferdestärke or metric horsepower

No

"W" ; "w"

Watt

Yes


Pressure

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"atm" ; "at"

Standard atmosphere

Yes

"mmHg"

Millimeter of mercury

Yes

"Pa"

Pascal

Yes

"psi"

Pound per square inch

No

"Torr"

Torr

No


Speed

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"admkn"

Admiralty knot

No

"kn"

International knot

No

"m/h" ; "m/hr"

Meters per hour

Yes

"m/s" ; "m/sec"

Meters per second

Yes

"mph"

Miles per hour

No


Temperature

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"C" ; "cel"

Degree Celsius

No

"F" ; "fah"

Degree Fahrenheit

No

"K" ; "kel"

Kelvin

Yes

"Rank"

Degree Rankine

No

"Reau"

Degree Réaumur

No


Time

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"day" ; "d"

Day

No

"hr"

Hour

No

"mn" ; "min"

Minute

No

"sec" ; "s"

Second

Yes

"yr"

Year

No


Volume

Unit symbol

Description

Prefix

"ang3" ; "ang^3"

Cubic angstrom

Yes

"barrel"

Oil barrel

No

"bushel"

US bushel

No

"cup"

US cup

No

"ft3" ; "ft^3"

Cubic foot

No

"gal"

US gallon

No

"Glass"

Australian glass (200 milliliters)

No

"GRT" ; "regton"

Gross register tonnage

No

"Humpen"

Humpen (500 milliliters)

No

"in3" ; "in^3"

Cubic inch

No

"l" ; "L" ; "lt"

Liter

Yes

"ly3" ; "ly^3"

Cubic light-year

No

"m3" ; "m^3"

Cubic meter

Yes

"mi3" ; "mi^3"

Cubic international mile

No

"Middy"

Australian middy (285 milliliters)

No

"MTON"

Measurement ton

No

"Nmi3" ; "Nmi^3"

Cubic nautical mile

No

"oz"

US fluid ounce

No

"Pica3" ; "Pica^3" ; "picapt3" ; "picapt^3"

Cubic pica point

No

"pica3" ; "pica^3"

Cubic pica

No

"pt" ; "us_pt"

US pint

No

"qt"

US quart

No

"Schooner"

Australian schooner (425 milliliters)

No

"Sixpack"

Six pack (2 liters)

No

"tbs"

US tablespoon

No

"tsp"

US teaspoon

No

"tspm"

Metric teaspoon

No

"uk_gal"

Imperial gallon

No

"uk_pt"

Imperial pint

No

"uk_qt"

Imperial quart

No

"yd3" ; "yd^3"

Cubic yard

No


Prefixes

Decimal prefixes

Prefix

Multiplier

Y (yotta)

1024

Z (zetta)

1021

E (exa)

1018

P (peta)

1015

T (tera)

1012

G (giga)

109

M (mega)

106

k (kilo)

103

h (hecto)

102

e (deca)

101

d (deci)

10-1

c (centi)

10-2

m (milli)

10-3

u (micro)

10-6

n (nano)

10-9

p (pico)

10-12

f (femto)

10-15

a (atto)

10-18

z (zepto)

10-21

y (yocto)

10-24


Binary prefixes

Prefix

Multiplier

Yi (yobi)

280

Zi (zebi)

270

Ei (exbi)

260

Pi (pebi)

250

Ti (tebi)

240

Gi (gibi)

230

Mi (mebi)

220

ki (kibi)

210


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