# Operators in LibreOffice Calc

You can use the following operators in LibreOffice Calc:

## Arithmetical Operators

These operators return numerical results.

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Names

Example

+ (Plus)

1+1

- (Minus)

Subtraction

2-1

- (Minus)

Negation

-5

* (asterisk)

Multiplication

2*2

/ (Slash)

Division

9/3

% (Percent)

Percent

15%

^ (Caret)

Exponentiation

3^2

Prefix "-" (negation) has a higher precedence than "^" (exponentiation). For example -3^2 equals 9, which is the square of a negative number.

## Comparative operators

These operators return either true or false.

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Names

Example

= (equal sign)

Equal

A1=B1

> (Greater than)

Greater than

A1>B1

< (Less than)

Less than

A1<B1

>= (Greater than or equal to)

Greater than or equal to

A1>=B1

<= (Less than or equal to)

Less than or equal to

A1<=B1

<> (Inequality)

Inequality

A1<>B1

## Text operators

The operator combines separate texts into one text.

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Names

Example

& (And)

text concatenation AND

"Sun" & "day" is "Sunday"

## Reference operators

These operators return a cell range of zero, one or more cells.

Range has the highest precedence, then intersection, and then finally union.

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Names

Example

: (Colon)

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A1:C108, A:D or 3:13

! (Exclamation point)

Intersection

SUM(A1:B6!B5:C12)

Calculates the sum of all cells in the intersection; in this example, the result yields the sum of cells B5 and B6.

~ (Tilde)

Concatenation or union

Takes two references and returns a reference list, which is a concatenation of the left reference followed by the right reference. Double entries are referenced twice.

=COUNT(A1:B2~B2:C3) counts values of A1:B2 and B2:C3. Note that the cell B2 is counted twice.

=INDEX(A1:B2~C1:D2;2;1;2) selects cell C2, that is, the first cell of the second row, first column, of the second range (C1:D2) of the range list.

A reference list is not allowed inside an array expression.