Solver

Opens the Solver dialog. A solver allows you to solve mathematical problems with multiple unknown variables and a set of constraints on the variables by goal-seeking methods.

Para acceder a esta orden…

Vaya a Herramientas ▸ Solver.


Solver settings

note

The dialog settings are retained until you close the current document.


Target Cell

Enter or click the cell reference of the target cell. This field takes the address of the cell whose value is to be optimized.

Optimize results to

By Changing Cells

Especifique el intervalo de celdas que se pueden modificar. Estas son las variables de las ecuaciones.

Limiting Conditions

Add the set of constraints for the mathematical problem. Each constraint is represented by a cell reference (a variable), an operator, and a value.

note

You can set multiple conditions for a variable. For example, a variable in cell A1 that must be an integer less than 10. In that case, set two limiting conditions for A1.


Options

Opens the Solver Options dialog.

The Solver Options dialog let you select the different solver algorithms for either linear and non-linear problems and set their solving parameters.

Solve

Click to solve the problem with the current settings. The dialog settings are retained until you close the current document.

Para resolver ecuaciones con Solver

El objetivo del proceso solucionador es encontrar estos valores variables de una ecuación que el resultado en un valor optimizado en la celda objetvo. Usted puede elegir si el valor en la celda objetivo debe ser el máximo, mínimo, o acercarse a un determinado valor.

Los valores iniciales de la variable se insertan en un intervalo de celdas rectangular que especifique en el cuadro Cambiando las celdas.

Puede definir una serie de condiciones limitantes que pongan restricciones a algunas celdas. Por ejemplo, puede establecer que una variable o celda no deba ser mayor que otra, o que no supere un valor determinado. También es posible establecer que una o más variables deban ser enteras (valores sin decimales) o binarias (donde solo se permiten 0 y 1).

Using Non-Linear solvers

Regardless whether you use DEPS or SCO, you start by going to Tools - Solver and set the Cell to be optimized, the direction to go (minimization, maximization) and the cells to be modified to reach the goal. Then you go to the Options and specify the solver to be used and if necessary adjust the according parameters.

There is also a list of constraints you can use to restrict the possible range of solutions or to penalize certain conditions. However, in case of the evolutionary solvers DEPS and SCO, these constraints are also used to specify bounds on the variables of the problem. Due to the random nature of the algorithms, it is highly recommended to do so and give upper (and in case "Assume Non-Negative Variables" is turned off also lower) bounds for all variables. They don't have to be near the actual solution (which is probably unknown) but should give a rough indication of the expected size (0 ≤ var ≤ 1 or maybe -1000000 ≤ var ≤ 1000000).

Bounds are specified by selecting one or more variables (as range) on the left side and entering a numerical value (not a cell or a formula) on the right side. That way you can also choose one or more variables to be Integer or Binary only.

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