Instrucción Sub

Define una subrutina.

note

Sub or Function statements are similar methods, without distinction. They receive parameters by reference allowing them to be modified. LibreOffice Basic compiler accepts their respective syntax to be used interchangeably.


Sintaxis:

Sub Statement diagram


[Private | Public] Sub name[(argument1 [As typename][, argument2[char][,...]])]
    ' instrucciones
    [Exit Sub]
    ' instrucciones
End Sub

Parámetros:

nombre: el nombre de la subrutina

arguments: Optional parameters that you want to pass to the subroutine.

argument fragment

argument fragment


      {[Optional [ByRef|ByVal]]|ParamArray} argument {{As typename|char}[ = expression]|[()]As Variant}
    
Parámetros

Optional: el argumento no es obligatorio.

ByRef: The argument is passed by reference. ByRef is the default.

ByVal: The argument is passed by value. Its value can be modified by the called routine.

char: carácter de declaración del Tipo.

typename: Primitive data type name. Library or module defined types can also be specified.

= expression: Specify a default value for the argument, matching its declared type. Optional is necessary for each argument specifying a default value.

ParamArray: Use ParamArray when the number of parameters is undetermined. A typical scenario is that of a Calc user-defined function. Using ParamArray should be limited to the last argument of a routine.

tip

UsingParamArray or = expression require Option Compatible to be placed before the executable program code in a module.


warning

When using Option VBASupport 1, Optional arguments with no default value (= expression) are initialized according to their data type, except if Variant.


typename fragment

primitive data types fragment


      {Boolean|Byte|Currency|Date|Double|Integer|Long|Object|Single|String|Variant}
    
char fragment

type declaration characters


      { % | & | ! | # | $ | @ }
    

Ejemplos:


Sub ExampleExit
Dim sReturn As String
Dim sListArray(10) As String
Dim siStep As Single
    For siPaso = 0 to 10 ' Rellenar matriz con datos de prueba
        sListArray(siStep) = chr$(siStep + 65)
        MsgBox sListArray(siStep)
    Next siStep
    sReturn = LinSearch(sListArray(), "B")
    Print sReturn
End Sub
 
Function LinSearch( sList(), sItem As String ) As Integer
Dim iCount As Integer
' BuscaLin busca en MatrizTexto:sLista() una EntradaTexto:
' El valor de retorno es el índice de la entrada o 0 (Nulo)
    For iCount=1 To Ubound( sList() )
        If sList( iCount ) = sItem Then
            Exit For ' sItem encontrado
        End If
    Next iCount
    If iCount = Ubound( sList() ) Then iCount = 0
    LinSearch = iCount
End Function

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