Instrucción Function

Define una subrutina que puede usarse como expresión para determinar un tipo de retorno.


Sub, Function or Property statements are similar methods, without distinction. They receive parameters by reference allowing them to be modified in return. LibreOffice Basic compiler accepts their respective argument syntax to be used interchangeably.


Function Statement diagram

  [Private | Public] Function Name[char] (argument1 [As Type][, argument2[char][,...]]) [As typename]
      [Exit Function]
  End Function


scope: Function default scope is Public. A Private scope denotes a module internal routine, not intended to be used from other modules.

name: Name of the subroutine to contain the value returned by the function.

argumentos: los parámetros que se pasarán a la subrutina.

argument fragment

argument fragment

      {[Optional [ByRef|ByVal]]|ParamArray} argument {{As typename|char}[ = expression]|[()]As Variant}

Optional: el argumento no es obligatorio.

ByRef: The argument is passed by reference. ByRef is the default.

ByVal: The argument is passed by value. Its value can be modified by the called routine.

char: carácter de declaración del Tipo.

typename: Primitive data type name. Library or module defined types can also be specified.

= expression: Specify a default value for the argument, matching its declared type. Optional is necessary for each argument specifying a default value.

ParamArray: Use ParamArray when the number of parameters is undetermined. A typical scenario is that of a Calc user-defined function. Using ParamArray should be limited to the last argument of a routine.


UsingParamArray or = expression require Option Compatible to be placed before the executable program code in a module.


When using Option VBASupport 1, Optional arguments with no default value (= expression) are initialized according to their data type, except if Variant.

typename fragment

primitive data types fragment

char fragment

type declaration characters

      { % | & | ! | # | $ | @ }


Sub ExampleExit
Dim sReturn As String
Dim sListArray(10) As String
Dim siStep As Single
    For siPaso = 0 to 10 ' Rellenar matriz con datos de prueba
        sListArray(siStep) = chr$(siStep + 65)
        MsgBox sListArray(siStep)
    Next siStep
    sReturn = LinSearch(sListArray(), "B")
    Print sReturn
End Sub
Function LinSearch( sList(), sItem As String ) As Integer
Dim iCount As Integer
' BuscaLin busca en MatrizTexto:sLista() una EntradaTexto:
' El valor de retorno es el índice de la entrada o 0 (Nulo)
    For iCount=1 To Ubound( sList() )
        If sList( iCount ) = sItem Then
            Exit For ' sItem encontrado
        End If
    Next iCount
    If iCount = Ubound( sList() ) Then iCount = 0
    LinSearch = iCount
End Function

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