Listening to Document Events

Escuchar los sucesos del documento puede ser útil en situaciones como las siguientes:

Además de asignar macros a sucesos, es posible monitorizar los sucesos emitidos por los documentos de LibreOffice. Los difusores de API (interfaz de programación de aplicaciones, por sus siglas en inglés) son responsables de llamar a las macros de los sucesos. A diferencia de los agentes de escucha que requieren que se definan todos los métodos admitidos incluso si estos no se utilizan, los monitores de documento únicamente requieren dos métodos junto a macros de sucesos conectadas.

Monitorización de los sucesos del documento

Monitoring is illustrated herewith for Basic and Python languages using object-oriented programming. Assigning OnLoad script, to the Open Document event, suffices to initiate and terminate document event monitoring. Tools - Customize menu Events tab is used to assign either scripts.

Intercepting events helps setting scripts pre- and post-conditions such as loading and unloading libraries or track script processing in the background. Access2Base.Trace module usage is illustrating that second context.

Con Python

Events monitoring starts from object instantiation and ultimately stops when Python releases the object. Raised events are reported using Access2Base console.

note

OnLoad and OnUnload events can be used to respectively set and unset Python programs path. They are described as Open document and Document closed.



         # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
         from __future__ import unicode_literals
             
         import os.path, uno, unohelper
         from com.sun.star.document import DocumentEvent, \
             XDocumentEventListener as AdapterPattern
         from com.sun.star.lang import EventObject
             
         class UiDocument(unohelper.Base, AdapterPattern):
             """ Monitor de sucesos del documento """
             '''
             adaptado de «secuencia de órdenes Python para monitorizar el suceso OnSave» en
             https://forum.openoffice.org/en/forum/viewtopic.php?t=68887
             '''
             def __init__(self):
                 """ Monitor de sucesos del documento """
                 ''' crear informe con la consola Access2Base.Trace O
                 informe en 1.ª hoja, 1.ª columna para documentos de Calc '''
                 ctx = uno.getComponentContext()
                 smgr = ctx.getServiceManager()
                 desktop = smgr.createInstanceWithContext(
                 'com.sun.star.frame.Desktop' , ctx)
                 self.doc = desktop.CurrentComponent
                 #self.row = 0  # descomentarice solo en documentos de Calc
                 Console.setLevel("DEBUG")
                 self.listen()  # Inicia seguimiento de sucesos del documento
             
             @property
             def Filename(self) -> str:
                 sys_filename = uno.fileUrlToSystemPath(self.doc.URL)
                 return os.path.basename(sys_filename)
             
             def setCell(self, calcDoc, txt: str):
                 """ Output doc. events on 1st column of a Calc spreadsheet """
                 sheet = calcDoc.getSheets().getByIndex(0)
                 sheet.getCellByPosition(0,self.row).setString(txt)
                 self.row = self.row + 1
             
             def listen(self, *args):  # OnLoad/OnNew at the earliest
                 """ Start doc. events monitoring """
                 self.doc.addDocumentEventListener(self)
                 Console.log("INFO", "Document events are being logged", True)
             
             def sleep(self, *args):  # OnUnload at the latest (optional)
                 """ Stop doc. events monitoring """
                 self.doc.removeDocumentEventListener(self)
                 Console.log("INFO", "Se han registrado los sucesos del documento", True)
             
             def documentEventOccured(self, event: DocumentEvent):
                 """ Intercepta todos los sucesos del documento """
                 #self.setCell(event.Source, event.EventName) # solo para documentos Calc
                 Console.log("DEBUG",
                     event.EventName+" in "+self.Filename,
                     False)
             
             def disposing(self, event: EventObject):
                 """ Release all activities """
                 self.sleep()
                 Console.show()
             
         def OnLoad(*args):  # Suceso «Abrir documento»
             listener = UiDocument()  # Inicia la escucha
             
         def OnUnload(*args):  # 'Document has been closed' event
             pass  # (optional) performed when disposed
             
         g_exportedScripts = (OnLoad,)
             
         from com.sun.star.script.provider import XScript
         class Console():
             """
             (Back/Fore)ground console to report/log program execution.
             """
             @staticmethod
             def trace(*args,**kwargs):
                 """ Print free item list to console """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='DebugPrint', module='Compatible')
                 scr.invoke((args),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def log(level: str, text: str, msgBox=False):
                 """ Append log message to console, optional user prompt """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceLog')
                 scr.invoke((level,text,msgBox),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def setLevel(logLevel: str):
                 """ Set log messages lower limit """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceLevel')
                 scr.invoke((logLevel,),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def show():
                 """ Display console content/dialog """
                 scr = Console._a2bScript(script='TraceConsole')
                 scr.invoke((),(),())
             @staticmethod
             def _a2bScript(script: str, library='Access2Base',
                 module='Trace') -> XScript:
                 ''' Grab application-based Basic script '''
                 sm = uno.getComponentContext().ServiceManager
                 mspf = sm.createInstanceWithContext(
                     "com.sun.star.script.provider.MasterScriptProviderFactory",
                     uno.getComponentContext())
                 scriptPro = mspf.createScriptProvider("")
                 scriptName = "vnd.sun.star.script:"+library+"."+module+"."+script+"?language=Basic&location=application"
                 xScript = scriptPro.getScript(scriptName)
                 return xScript
      
warning

Preste atención al error ortográfico en el método documentEventOccured, que proviene de la interfaz de programación de aplicaciones (API, por sus siglas en inglés) de LibreOffice.


Icono de consejo

Start application and Close application events can respectively be used to set and to unset Python path for user scripts or LibreOffice scripts. In a similar fashion, document based Python libraries or modules can be loaded and released using Open document and Document closed events. Refer to Importing Python Modules for more information.


Con LibreOffice Basic

Using Tools - Customize menu Events tab, the Open document event fires a ConsoleLogger initialisation. _documentEventOccured routine - set by ConsoleLogger - serves as a unique entry point to trap all document events.

Módulo controller.Events


        Option Explicit
        
        Global _obj As Object ' controller.ConsoleLogger instance
        
        Sub OnLoad(evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent) ' >> Open Document <<
            _obj = New ConsoleLogger : _obj.StartAdapter(evt)
        End Sub ' controller.OnLoad
        Sub _documentEventOccured(evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
            ''' ConsoleLogger unique entry point '''
             _obj.DocumentEventOccurs(evt)
        End Sub ' controller._documentEventOccured
      

controller.ConsoleLogger class module

Events monitoring starts from the moment a ConsoleLogger object is instantiated and ultimately stops upon document closure. StartAdapter routine loads necessary Basic libraries, while caught events are reported using Access2Base.Trace module.


          Option Explicit
          Option Compatible
          Option ClassModule
              
          ' ADAPTER design pattern object to be instantiated in the "Open Document" event
          Private Const UI_PROMPT = True
          Private Const UI_NOPROMPT = False ' Set it to True to visualise documents events
              
          ' MIEMBROS
          Private _evtAdapter As Object ' com.sun.star.document.XDocumentEventBroadcaster
          Private _txtMsg As String ' mensaje de texto que registrar en la consola
              
          ' PROPIEDADES
          Private Property Get FileName As String
              ''' nombre de archivo dependiente del sistema '''
              Const _LIBRARY = "Tools" : With GlobalScope.BasicLibraries
                  If Not .IsLibraryLoaded(_LIBRARY) Then .LoadLibrary(_LIBRARY)
              End With
              Filename = Tools.Strings.FilenameOutofPath(ThisComponent.URL)
          End Property ' controller.ConsoleLogger.Filename
              
          ' MÉTODOS
          Public Sub DocumentEventOccurs(evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Monitorizar sucesos de documento '''
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("DEBUG", _
                  evt.EventName &" in "& Filename(evt.Source.URL), _
                  UI_NOPROMPT)
              Select Case evt.EventName
                  Case "OnUnload" : _StopAdapter(evt)
              End Select
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.DocumentEventOccurs
              
          Public Sub StartAdapter(Optional evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Iniciar registro de sucesos de documento '''
              Const _LIBRARY = "Access2Base" : With GlobalScope.BasicLibraries
                  If Not .IsLibraryLoaded(_LIBRARY) Then .LoadLibrary(_LIBRARY)
              End With : Access2Base.Trace.TraceLevel("DEBUG")
              If IsMissing(evt) Then _txtMsg = "" Else _txtMsg = evt.EventName & "-"
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("INFO", _txtMsg & "Document events are being logged", UI_PROMPT)
              _evtAdapter = CreateUnoListener( "_", "com.sun.star.document.XDocumentEventListener" )
              ThisComponent.addDocumentEventListener( _evtAdapter )
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger.StartAdapter
              
          Private Sub _StopAdapter(Optional evt As com.sun.star.document.DocumentEvent)
              ''' Terminate document events logging '''
              ThisComponent.removeDocumentEventListener( _evtAdapter )
              If IsMissing(evt) Then _txtMsg = "" Else _txtMsg = evt.EventName & "-"
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceLog("INFO", _txtMsg & "Document events have been logged", UI_PROMPT)
              Access2Base.Trace.TraceConsole() ' Diálogo con los sucesos capturados
          End Sub ' controller.ConsoleLogger._StopAdapter
              
          ' SUCESOS
          ' Su código para la gestión de sucesos va aquí
      
warning

Preste atención al error ortográfico en el método _documentEventOccured, que proviene de la interfaz de programación de aplicaciones (API, por sus siglas en inglés) de LibreOffice.


Descubrimiento de sucesos de documento

The broadcaster API object provides the list of events it is responsible for:

Con Python


         # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
         from __future__ import unicode_literals
             
         import uno, apso_utils as ui
             
         def displayAvailableEvents():
             """ Mostrar sucesos de documento """
             '''
             adaptado de DisplayAvailableEvents() por A. Pitonyak
             https://forum.openoffice.org/en/forum/viewtopic.php?&t=43689
             '''
             ctx = XSCRIPTCONTEXT.getComponentContext()
             smgr = ctx.ServiceManager
             geb = smgr.createInstanceWithContext(
                 "com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster", ctx)
             events = geb.Events.getElementNames()
             ui.msgbox('; '.join(events))
             
         g_exportedScripts = (displayAvailableEvents,)
      
note

The Alternative Python Script Organizer (APSO) extension is used to render events information on screen.


Con LibreOffice Basic


         Sub DisplayAvailableEvents
             ''' Mostrar sucesos de documento '''
             Dim geb As Object ' com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster
             Dim events() As String
             geb = CreateUnoService("com.sun.star.frame.GlobalEventBroadcaster")
             events = geb.Events.ElementNames()
             MsgBox Join(events, "; ")
         End Sub
      

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