Glossary of Internet Terms

If you are a newcomer to the Internet, you will be confronted with unfamiliar terms: browser, bookmark, e-mail, homepage, search engine, and many others. To make your first steps easier, this glossary explains some of the more important terminology you may find in the Internet, intranet, mail and news.

CMIS

The Content Management Interoperability Services (CMIS) standard defines a domain model and Web Services and Restful AtomPub bindings that will enable greater interoperability of Enterprise Content Management (ECM) systems. CMIS uses Web services and Web 2.0 interfaces to enable rich information to be shared across Internet protocols in vendor-neutral formats, among document systems, publishers and repositories, within one enterprise and between companies.

Client Side ImageMap

The area of the picture or frame where the reader can click is indicated by the appearance of the linked URL when the mouse passes over the area. The ImageMap is stored in a layer below the picture and contains information about the referenced regions. The only disadvantage of Client Side ImageMaps is that older Web browsers cannot read them; a disadvantage that will, however, resolve itself in time.

When saving the ImageMap, select the file type SIP - StarView ImageMap. This saves the ImageMap directly in a format which can be applied to every active picture or frame in your document. However, if you just want to use the ImageMap on the current picture or frame, you do not have to save it in any special format. After defining the regions, simply click Apply. Nothing more is necessary. Client Side ImageMaps saved in HTML format are inserted directly into the page in HTML code.

EPUB

EPUB is standard for electronic book files with the extension .epub that can be downloaded and read on devices like smartphones, tablets, computers, or e-readers.

EPUB is a technical standard published now by the Publishing group of W3C. EPUB is a popular format because it is open and is based on HTML.

An EPUB publication is delivered as a single file and is an unencrypted zipped archive containing a website. It includes HTML files, images, CSS style sheets, and other assets such as metadata, multimedia and interactivity.

Etiquetes

Les pàgines HTML contenen certes instruccions estructurals i de format anomenades etiquetes. Les etiquetes són paraules de codi entre claudàtors dins de la descripció del document en llenguatge HTML. Moltes etiquetes contenen referències de text o d'enllaços entre el claudàtor d'obertura i de tancament. Per exemple, els títols es marquen amb les etiquetes <h1> al principi i </h1> al final del títol. Algues etiquetes apareixen soles, com en el cas de <br> per a un salt de línia o bé <img ...> per enllaçar un gràfic.

FTP

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and is the standard transfer protocol for files in the Internet. An FTP server is a program on a computer connected to the Internet which stores files to be transmitted with the aid of FTP. While FTP is responsible for transmitting and downloading Internet files, HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) provides the connection setup and data transfer between WWW servers and clients.

HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a document code language, which is used as the file format for WWW documents. It is derived from SGML and integrates text, graphics, videos and sound.

If you want to type HTML commands directly, for example when doing exercises from one of the many available HTML books, remember that HTML pages are pure text files. Save your document under the document type Text and give it the file name extension .HTML. Be sure there are no umlauts or other special characters of the extended character set. If you want to re-open this file in LibreOffice and edit the HTML code, you must load it with the file type Text and not with the file type Web pages.

There are several references on the Internet providing an introduction to the HTML language.

HTTP

El protocol de transferència d'hipertext és un registre de transmissió de documents WWW entre servidors WWW i navegadors (clients).

Hiperenllaç

Els enllaços són referències creuades que es realcen amb diferents colors i s'activen amb un clic del ratolí. Amb l'ajuda dels enllaços podeu anar a informació específica dins del document així com a informació relacionada en altres documents.

In LibreOffice you can assign hyperlinks to text as well as to graphics and frames (see the Hyperlink Dialog icon on the Standard bar).

Java

El llenguatge de programaci√≥ Java √©s un llenguatge de programaci√≥ independent de la plataforma especialment adequat per a Internet. Les p√†gines web i les aplicacions programades amb fitxers de tipus Java es poden utilitzar en qualsevol sistema operatiu modern. Els programes que utilitzen el llenguatge de programaci√≥ Java es desenvolupen generalment en un entorn de desenvolupament Java i despr√©s es compilen a un ¬ęcodi de bytes¬Ľ.

Mapa d'imatge

An ImageMap is a reference-sensitive graphic or frame. You can click on defined areas of the graphic or frame to go to a target (URL), which is linked with the area. The reference areas, along with the linked URLs and corresponding text displayed when resting the mouse pointer on these areas, are defined in the ImageMap Editor.

There are two different types of ImageMaps. A Client Side ImageMap is evaluated on the client computer, which loaded the graphic from the Internet, while a Server Side ImageMap is evaluated on the server computer which provides the HTML page on the Internet. In server evaluation, clicking an ImageMap sends the relative coordinates of the cursor within the image to the server, and a dedicated program on the server responds. In the client evaluation, clicking a defined hotspot of the ImageMap activates the URL, as if it were a normal text link. The URL appears below the mouse pointer when passing across the ImageMap.

As ImageMaps can be used in different ways, they can be stored in different formats.

ImageMap Formats

ImageMaps are basically divided between those that are analyzed on the server (i. e. your Internet provider) and those analyzed on the web browser of the reader's computer.

Marcs

Els marcs s√≥n √ļtils per dissenyar el format de les p√†gines HTML. El LibreOffice utilitza marcs flotants, dins dels quals podeu col¬∑locar objectes com gr√†fics, pel¬∑l√≠cules i so. El men√ļ contextual d'un marc mostra les opcions per a restaurar o editar els continguts del marc. Algunes d'estes ordes tamb√© es llisten a Edita ‚Ėł Objecte quan el marc est√† seleccionat.

Motors de busca

Un cercador és un servei a Internet basat en un programa que s'utilitza per explorar una quantitat enorme d'informació mitjançant paraules clau.

SGML

SGML vol dir ¬ęStandard Generalized Markup Language¬Ľ (Llenguatge d'etiquetatge generalitzat est√†ndard). L'SGML est√† basat en la idea que els documents tenen informaci√≥ estructural i altres elements sem√†ntics que es poden descriure sense fer refer√®ncia a com s'han de mostrar estos elements. La visualitzaci√≥ d'estos documents pot variar en funci√≥ del mitj√† i de les prefer√®ncies d'estil. En textos estructurats, l'SGML no defineix nom√©s les estructures (al DTD = Document Type Definition, definici√≥ de tipus de document), sin√≥ que tamb√© assegura que s'utilitzen de manera coherent.

L'HTML és una aplicació especialitzada de l'SGML. Això vol dir que molts dels navegadors web admeten només un interval limitat dels estàndards SGML i que gairebé tots els sistemes que permeten l'SGML poden produir pàgines web HTML interessants.

Server Side ImageMaps

Server Side ImageMaps appear for the reader as a picture or frame on the page. Click on the ImageMap with the mouse, and the coordinates of the relative position are sent to the server. Aided by an extra program, the server then determines the next step to take. There are several incompatible methods to define this process, the two most common being:

LibreOffice creates ImageMaps for both methods. Select the format from the File type list in the Save As dialog in the ImageMap Editor. Separate Map Files are created which you must upload to the server. You will need to ask your provider or network administrator which type of ImageMaps are supported by the server and how to access the evaluation program.

Servidor intermediari

Un servidor intermediari √©s un ordinador de la xarxa que actua com un porta-retalls per a la transfer√®ncia de dades. Quan accediu a Internet des d'una xarxa corporativa i sol¬∑liciteu una p√†gina web que ja ha demanat un altre company de faena, el servidor intermediari mostrar√† la p√†gina molt m√©s r√†pid si la p√†gina encara est√† a la mem√≤ria. L'√ļnic que s'ha de comprovar en este cas √©s que la p√†gina emmagatzemada al servidor intermediari siga l'√ļltima versi√≥. En este cas, la p√†gina no s'haur√† de tornar a baixar d'Internet sin√≥ que es carregar√† directament del servidor intermediari.

URL

El localitzador uniforme de recursos (URL) mostra l'adre√ßa d'un document o un servidor d'Internet. L'estructura general d'un URL varia segons el tipus i generalment es presenta de la seg√ľent forma: Servei://Nomdel'amfitri√≥:Port/Cam√≠/P√†gina#Marca tot i que no tots els elements es requereixen sempre. Un URL pot ser una adre√ßa FTP, una adre√ßa WWW (HTTP), una adre√ßa de fitxer o una adre√ßa electr√≤nica.

WebDAV

Short for Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning, an IETF standard set of platform-independent extensions to HTTP that allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote Web servers. WebDAV features XML properties on metadata, locking - which prevents authors from overwriting each other's changes - namespace manipulation and remote file management. WebDav is sometimes referred to as DAV.

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