Expressió Dim

Declara variables o matrius.

If the variables are separated by commas - for example Dim v1, v2, v3 As String - first ones get defined as Variant variables. A new line, or colon sign (:), help separate variable definitions.

  Dim text As String
  Dim pv As, d As Date
  Dim Units as Integer : Dim EULER As Double

Dim declara variables locals dins de les subrutines. Les variables globals es declaren amb les expressions Global, Public o Private.


Dim Statement diagram

Dim variable [(start To end)] [As typename][, variable2[char] [(start To end)] [,...]]

Paràmetres :

variable: Any variable or array name.

typename: Keyword that declares the data type of a variable.

primitive data types fragment

Byte: Byte variable (0-255)

Boolean: Boolean variable (True, False)

Currency: Currency variable (Currency with 4 Decimal places)

Data: Variable de data

Double: Double-precision floating-point variable (1,79769313486232 x 10E308 - 4,94065645841247 x 10E-324)

Integer: Variable d'enter (-32768 - 32767)

Long: Variable d'enter llarga (-2.147.483.648 - 2.147.483.647)

Object: Object variable (Note: this variable can only subsequently be defined with Set!)

Single: Variable de coma flotant de precisió senzilla (3,402823 x 10E38 - 1,401298 x 10E-45).

Cadena: Variable de cadena que consta d'un màxim de 64.000 caràcters ASCII.

Variant: Variant variable type (contains all types, specified by definition). If a type name is not specified, variables are automatically defined as Variant Type, unless a statement from DefBool to DefVar is used.

object: Universal Network object (UNO) object or ClassModule object instance.

char: Special character that declares the data type of a variable.

Type declaration characters fragment

In LibreOffice Basic, you do not need to declare variables explicitly. However, you need to declare arrays before you can use them. You can declare a variable with the Dim statement, using commas (,) to separate multiple declarations. To declare a variable type, enter a type-declaration character following the name or use a corresponding type keyword name.

Declaration character

Variable type name













array: Array declaration.

array fragment

start, end: Numerical values or constants that define the number of elements (NumberElements=(end-start)+1) and the index range.

start and end can be numerical expressions if ReDim is applied at the procedure level.

El LibreOffice Basic admet matrius de dimensió senzilla o múltiple que es defineixen amb un tipus de variable especificat. Les matrius són adequades si el programa conté llistes o taules que voleu editar. L'avantatge de les matrius és que és possible adreçar elements individuals segons els índexs, que es poden formular com a expressions numèriques o variables.

Arrays are declared with the Dim statement. There are multiple ways to define the index range:

  Dim text(20) As String ' 21 elements numbered from 0 to 20
  Dim value(5 to 25) As Integer ' 21 values numbered from 5 to 25
  Dim amount(-15 to 5) As Currency ' 21 amounts (including 0), numbered from -15 to 5
  REM Two-dimensional data field
  Dim table$(20,2) ' 63 items; from 0 to 20 level 1, from 0 to 20 level 2 and from 0 to 20 level 3.

You can declare an array types as dynamic if a ReDim statement defines the number of dimensions in the subroutine or the function that contains the array. Generally, you can only define an array dimension once, and you cannot modify it. Within a subroutine, you can declare an array with ReDim. You can only define dimensions with numeric expressions. This ensures that the fields are only as large as necessary.

Exemple :

Sub ExampleDim1
Dim sVar As String
Dim iVar As Integer
    sVar = "Office"
End Sub
Sub ExampleDim2
  ' Camp de dades de dues dimensions
    Dim stext(20,2) As String
  Const sDim as String = " Dimensió:"
  For i = 0 To 20
    For ii = 0 To 2
        stext(i,ii) = str(i) & sDim & str(ii)
    Next ii
  Next i
  For i = 0 To 20
    For ii = 0 To 2
        MsgBox stext(i,ii)
    Next ii
  Next i
End Sub

Ens cal la vostra ajuda!