FormatNumber [VBA]

Returns a string with a number formatting applied to a numeric expression.

warning

This constant, function or object is enabled with the statement Option VBASupport 1 placed before the executable program code in a module.


Syntax:

FormatNumber( expression, numDigitsAfterDecimal as Integer, includeLeadingDigit as Integer, useParensForNegativeNumbers as Integer, groupDigits as Integer )

Return value:

String

Parameters:

expression: Required. The numeric expression to be formatted.

numDigitsAfterDecimal: Optional. A numeric value specifying the number of digits that should be displayed after the decimal. If omitted, it defaults to the value -1, meaning that the default settings for user interface locale should be used.

includeLeadingDigit: Optional. A vbTriState enumeration value, specifying whether a leading zero should be displayed for fractional values.

useParensForNegativeNumbers: Optional. A vbTriState enumeration value specifying whether negative numbers should be encased in parenthesis.

groupDigits: Optional. A vbTriState enumeration value specifying the number should be grouped (into thousands, etc.), using the group delimiter that is specified on the system's regional settings.

Error codes:

13 Type mismatch

Example:


        Sub TestFormatNumeber
        testName = "Test 1: positive, 2 decimals"
        str2 = "12.20"
        str1 = FormatNumber("12.2", 2, vbFalse, vbFalse, vbFalse)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)

        testName = "Test 2: negative, 20 decimals, use leading zero"
        str2 = "-0.20000000000000000000"
        str1 = FormatNumber("-.2", 20, vbTrue, vbFalse, vbFalse)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)

        testName = "Test 3: negative, 20 decimals, no leading zero"
        str2 = "-.20000000000000000000"
        str1 = FormatNumber("-0.2", 20, vbFalse, vbFalse, vbFalse)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)

        testName = "Test 4: negative, no leading zero, use parens"
        str2 = "(.20)"
        str1 = FormatNumber("-0.2", -1, vbFalse, vbTrue, vbFalse)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)

        testName = "Test 5: negative, default leading zero, use parens"
        str2 = "(0.20)"
        str1 = FormatNumber("-0.2", -1, vbUseDefault, vbTrue, vbFalse)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)

        testName = "Test 6: group digits"
        str2 = "-12,345,678.00"
        str1 = FormatNumber("-12345678", -1, vbUseDefault, vbUseDefault, vbTrue)
        msgbox( "FormatNumber returned: " + str1 + ", Expected: " + str2)
        End Sub
    

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