Text Functions

This section contains descriptions of the Text functions.

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Using double quotation marks in formulas

To include a text string in a formula, place the text string between two double quotation marks (") and Calc takes the characters in the string without attempting to interpret them. For example, the formula ="Hello world!" displays the text string Hello world! in the cell, with no surrounding double quotation marks.

The more complex formula =CONCATENATE("Life is really simple, "; "but we insist on making it complicated "; "(Confucius).") concatenates three individual strings in double quotation marks, outputting Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated (Confucius).

To place a literal double quotation mark within a string inside a formula, two methods can be used:

  1. You can "escape" the double quotation mark with an additional double quotation mark, and Calc treats the escaped double quotation mark as a literal value. For example, the formula ="My name is ""John Doe""." outputs the string My name is "John Doe". Another simple example is the formula =UNICODE("""") which returns 34, the decimal value of the Unicode quotation mark character (U+0022) — here the first and fourth double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of the string, while the second double quotation mark escapes the third.

  2. You can use the CHAR function or the UNICHAR function to insert a double quotation mark. For example, the formula =UNICHAR(34) & "The Catcher in the Rye" & UNICHAR(34) & " is a famous book by J. D. Salinger." displays the string "The Catcher in the Rye" is a famous book by J. D. Salinger.

Beware that Calc's AutoCorrect function may modify double quotation marks. AutoCorrect should not change the double quotation marks within formula cells but may change those used in non-formula cells containing text. For example, if you copy a string that is surrounded by some other form of typographical double quotation marks, such as the left double quotation mark (U+201C) and the right double quotation mark (U+201D), and then paste into a formula cell, an error may result. Open the Double Quotes area of the Tools - AutoCorrect Options - Localized Options dialog to set the characters used to automatically correct the start and end typographical double quotation marks. Uncheck the Replace toggle button to disable the feature.

ARABIC

Returns the numeric value corresponding to a Roman number expressed as text.

ASC

Converts double-byte (full-width) characters to single-byte (half-width) ASCII and katakana characters.

JIS

Converts single-byte (half-width) ASCII or katakana characters to double-byte (full-width) characters.

REGEX

Matches and extracts or optionally replaces text using regular expressions.

ROMAN

Converts a number into a Roman numeral. The value range must be between 0 and 3999. A simplification mode can be specified in the range from 0 to 4.

VALUE

Converts the string representation of a number to numeric form. If the supplied string is a valid date, time, or date-time, the corresponding date-time serial number is returned.

WEBSERVICE

Get some web content from a URI.

FILTERXML

Apply a XPath expression to a XML document.

ENCODEURL

Returns a URL-encoded string.

AMACERAR

Devuelve una cadena de testu d'un testu. Los parámetros especifiquen la posición inicial y el númberu de caráuteres.

Sintaxis

ESTRAYI("Testu"; Empiezu; Númberu)

Testu ye'l testu que contién los caráuteres que se van a estrayer.

Entamu ye la posición del primer caráuter del testu que se va a estrayer.

Númberu especifica'l númberu de caráuteres na parte del testu.

Exemplu

=MID("office";2;2) devuelvi ff.

AMACERAR

Desanicia los espacios d'una cadena de caráuteres y dexa un solu espaciu ente pallabres.

Sintaxis

AMACERAR("Testu")

Text refers to text in which spaces are to be removed.

Exemplu

=TRIM(" hello world ") returns hello world without leading and trailing spaces and with single space between words.

ATOPAR

Returns the position of a string of text within another string.You can also define where to begin the search. The search term can be a number or any string of characters. The search is case-sensitive.

Sintaxis

FIND("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

Atopar_Testu fai referencia al testu que se debe guetar.

Testu ye'l testu onde se realiza la busca.

Posición (opcional) ye la posición nel testu onde se va empecipiar la busca.

Exemplu

=BUSCAR(76;998877665544) devuelve 6.

BAHTTEXT

Convierte un númberu en testu tailandés, inclusive los nomes de monedes tailandeses.

Sintaxis

BAHTTEXT(Númberu)

Númberu ye cualquier númberu. "Baht" amestar a la parte entera del númberu y "Satang" amestar a la parte decimal del númberu.

Exemplu

=BAHTTEXT(12.65) devuelve una cadena de caráuteres tailandeses que representen "Dolce Baht y sesenta y cinco Satang".

BASE

Converts a positive integer to a specified base into a text from the numbering system. The digits 0-9 and the letters A-Z are used.

Sintaxis

BASE(Number; Radix [; MinimumLength])

Númberu ye'l númberu enteru positivu tien de convertise.

Radix indica la base del sistema numbéricu. Pue ser cualquier númberu enteru positivu ente 2 y 36.

LongitudMínima (opcional) determina'l llargor mínimu de la secuencia de caráuteres que se creó. Si'l testu ye más curtiu que'l llargor mínimu indicada, amiéstense ceros a la izquierda de la cadena.

Exemplu

=BASE(17;10;4) devuelve 0017 nel sistema decimal.

=BASE(17;2) devuelve 10001 nel sistema binariu.

=BASE(255;16;4) devuelve 00FF nel sistema hexadecimal.

BUSCAR

Returns the position of a text segment within a character string. You can set the start of the search as an option. The search text can be a number or any sequence of characters. The search is not case-sensitive. If the text is not found, returns error 519 (#VALUE).

The search supports wildcards or regular expressions. With regular expressions enabled, you can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must either precede every character with a "\" character, or enclose the text into \Q...\E. You can switch the automatic evaluation of wildcards or regular expression on and off in - LibreOffice Calc - Calculate.

warning

When using functions where one or more arguments are search criteria strings that represents a regular expression, the first attempt is to convert the string criteria to numbers. For example, ".0" will convert to 0.0 and so on. If successful, the match will not be a regular expression match but a numeric match. However, when switching to a locale where the decimal separator is not the dot makes the regular expression conversion work. To force the evaluation of the regular expression instead of a numeric expression, use some expression that can not be misread as numeric, such as ".[0]" or ".\0" or "(?i).0".


Sintaxis

SEARCH("FindText"; "Text" [; Position])

Atopar_Testu ye'l testu que se debe guetar.

Testu ye'l testu onde se realiza la busca.

Posición (opcional) ye la posición nel testu onde se va empecipiar la busca.

Exemplu

=BUSCAR(54;998877665544) devuelve 10.

CALTER

Convierte un númberu nun caráuter según la tabla de códigos actual. El númberu pue ser un enteru de dos o de tres dígito.

Códigos cimeros a 127 puen depender del mapa de caráuteres del so sistema (por exemplu ISO-8859-1, ISO-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), y puen nun ser portables.

Sintaxis

CALTER(Númberu)

Númberu ye un númberu ente 1 y 255 que representa'l valor de códigu del caráuter.

Exemplu

=CALTER(100) devuelve'l caráuter d.

="abc" & CALTER(10) & "def" inxerta un caráuter de llinia nueva na cadena.

CONCATENAR

Combina delles cadenes de caráuteres nuna sola.

Sintaxis

CONCATENATE(String 1 [; String 2 [; … [; String 255]]])

String 1[; String 2][; … ;[String 255]] are strings or references to cells containing strings.

Exemplu

=CONCATENAR("Bonos ";"Díes ";"Sra. ";"López") devuelve: Bonos díes Sra. López.

CÓDIGU

Devuelve un códigu numbéricu pal primer caráuter d'una cadena de testu.

Sintaxis

CÓDIGU("Testu")

Testu ye'l testu pal que se va guetar el códigu del primer caráuter.

Códigos cimeros a 127 puen depender del mapa de caráuteres del so sistema (por exemplu ISO-8859-1, ISO-8859-2, Windows-1252, Windows-1250), y puen nun ser portables.

Exemplu

=CÓDIGU("Jerónimo") DEVUELVE 72, =CÓDIGU("xeroglíficu") devuelve 104.

note

El códigu utilizáu nesti casu nun ye'l códigu ASCII, sinón el códigu de la tabla de códigos actual.


DECIMAL

Converts text with characters from a number system to a positive integer in the base radix given. The radix must be in the range 2 to 36. Spaces and tabs are ignored. The Text field is not case-sensitive.

Si'l raigañu ye 16 van despreciase los caráuteres x, X, 0x o 0X que preciedan al testu, según los caráuteres h o H amestaos a la fin. Si'l raigañu ye 2 van despreciase los caráuteres b o B amestaos a la fin. Otros caráuteres que nun pertenezan al sistema numbéricu van provocar un fallu.

Sintaxis

DECIMAL("Testu"; Raigañu)

Testu ye'l testu que se debe convertir. Pa estremar ente un númberu hexadecimal, por exemplu A1 y la referencia a la caxella A1, tien d'escribir el númberu ente comines; por exemplu, "A1" o "FACE".

Radix indica la base del sistema numbéricu. Pue ser cualquier númberu enteru positivu ente 2 y 36.

Exemplu

=DECIMAL("17";10) devuelve 17.

=DECIMAL("FACE";16) devuelve 64206.

=DECIMAL("0101";2) devuelve 5.

DERECHA

Devuelve l'últimu caráuter o los últimos caráuteres d'un testu.

Sintaxis

RIGHT("Text" [; Number])

Testu ye'l testu pal que se va a determinar la parte derecha.

Number (optional) is the number of characters from the right part of the text. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Exemplu

=DERECHA("Ensin";2) devuelve un.

ESQUIERDA

Devuelve'l primer caráuter o los primeros caráuteres d'un testu.

Sintaxis

LEFT("Text" [; Number])

Testu ye'l testu onde les pallabres parciales iniciales tienen de determinase.

Númberu (opcional) especifica'l númberu de caráuteres pal testu inicial. Si nun se definió esti parámetru, devuélvese un caráuter.

Exemplu

=ESQUIERDA("salida";3) devuelve “sal”.

FIXU

Returns a number as text with a specified number of decimal places and optional thousands separators.

Sintaxis

FIXED(Number; [Decimals = 2 [; NoThousandsSeparators = FALSE]])

Number is rounded to Decimals places (after the decimal separator) and the result formatted as text, using locale-specific settings.

Decimals (optional) refers to the number of decimal places to be displayed. If Decimals is negative, Number is rounded to ABS(Decimals) places to the left from the decimal point. If Decimals is a fraction, it is truncated actually ignoring what is the closest integer.

NoThousandsSeparators (optional) determines whether the thousands separator is used. If it is TRUE or non-zero, then group separators are omitted from the resulting string. If the parameter is equal to 0 or if it is missing altogether, the thousands separators of your current locale setting are displayed.

Exemplu

=FIXU(1234567,89;3) devuelve 1.234.567,890 como cadena de testu.

=FIXED(123456.789;;TRUE) returns 123456.79 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.6789;-2) returns 12,300 as a text string.

=FIXED(12134567.89;-3;1) returns 12135000 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;3/4) returns 12,346 as a text string.

=FIXED(12345.789;8/5) returns 12,345.8 as a text string.

IGUAL

Compara dos cadenes de testu y devuelve VERDADERU si son iguales. Esta función estrema ente mayúscules y minúscules.

Sintaxis

IGUAL("Testu1"; "Testu2")

Testu1 fai referencia al primer testu que se va comparar.

Testu2 ye'l segundu testu que se va comparar.

Exemplu

=IGUAL("microsystems";"Microsystems") devuelve FALSU.

LEFTB

Returns the first characters of a DBCS text.

tip

Esta función ta disponible dende la versión 4.2 de LibreOffice.


Sintaxis

LEFTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text where the initial partial words are to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want LEFTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one character is returned.

Exemplu

=LEFTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

=LEFTB("中国";2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=LEFTB("中国";3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one DBCS character and a half; the last character returned is therefore a space character).

=LEFTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=LEFTB("office";3) returns "off" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

LENB

For double-byte character set (DBCS) languages, returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string.

tip

Esta función ta disponible dende la versión 4.2 de LibreOffice.


Sintaxis

LENB("Text")

Testu ye'l testu que la so llargor tien de determinase.

Exemplu

LENB("中") returns 2 (1 DBCS character consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("中国") returns 4 (2 DBCS characters each consisting of 2 bytes).

LENB("office") returns 6 (6 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

=LENB("Good Afternoon") returns 14.

=LENB(12345.67) returns 8.

LLARGU

Calcula'l llargor d'una cadena, incluyíos los espacios.

Sintaxis

LLARGU("Testu")

Testu ye'l testu que la so llargor tien de determinase.

Exemplu

=LLARGU("Bones tardes") devuelve 13.

=LLARGU(12345.67) devuelve 8.

LLIMPIAR

Desanicia de la cadena tolos caráuteres que nun se puen imprentar.

Sintaxis

LLIMPIAR("Testu")

Testu fai referencia al testu del que se van desaniciar tolos caráuteres non imprentables.

Exemplu

=LEN(CLEAN(CHAR(7) & "LibreOffice Calc" & CHAR(8))) returns 16, showing that the CLEAN function removes the non-printable Unicode U+0007 ("BEL") and U+0008 ("BS") characters at the beginning and end of the string argument. CLEAN does not remove spaces.

MAYÚSC

Pasa la cadena especificada nel campu de testu a mayúscules.

Sintaxis

MAYÚSC("Testu")

Testu fai referencia a les lletres en minúscules que deseya convertir a mayúscules.

Exemplu

=MAYÚS("Bonos díes") devuelve BONOS DÍES.

MIDB

Returns a text string of a DBCS text. The parameters specify the starting position and the number of characters.

tip

Esta función ta disponible dende la versión 4.2 de LibreOffice.


Sintaxis

MIDB("Text"; Start; Number_bytes)

Testu ye'l testu que contién los caráuteres que se van a estrayer.

Start is the position of the first character in the text to extract.

Number_bytes specifies the number of characters MIDB will return from text, in bytes.

Exemplu

=MIDB("中国";1;0) returns "" (0 bytes is always an empty string).

=MIDB("中国";1;1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and therefore the result is a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;2) returns "中" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

=MIDB("中国";1;3) returns "中 " (3 bytes constitute one and a half DBCS character; the last byte results in a space character).

=MIDB("中国";1;4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

=MIDB("中国";2;1) returns " " (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; 1 space character is returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;2) returns " " (byte position 2 points to the last half of the first character in the DBCS string; the 2 bytes asked for therefore constitutes the last half of the first character and the first half of the second character in the string; 2 space characters are therefore returned).

=MIDB("中国";2;3) returns " 国" (byte position 2 is not at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string; a space character is returned for byte position 2).

=MIDB("中国";3;1) returns " " (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, but 1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is therefore returned instead).

=MIDB("中国";3;2) returns "国" (byte position 3 is at the beginning of a character in a DBCS string, and 2 bytes constitute one DBCS character).

=MIDB("office";2;3) returns "ffi" (byte position 2 is at the beginning of a character in a non-DBCS string, and 3 bytes of a non-DBCS string constitute 3 characters).

MINUSC

Convierte toles lletres mayúscules d'una cadena de testu en minúscules.

Sintaxis

MINUSC("Testu")

Testu fai referencia al testu que se debe convertir.

Exemplu

=MINUSC("Sun";2) devuelvi sun.

MONEDA

Convierte un númberu pa una cantidá nel formatu de moneda, arredondiáu a un llugar decimal específicu. Nel campuValor introduza'l númberu que deseya convertir a moneda. Opcionalmente, pues introducir el númberu de posiciones decimales nel campu Decimales. Si nengún valor ye especificáu, tolos númberos nel formatu de moneda van amosar con dos asities decimales.

Tien De establecer el formatu de la divisa na configuración del sistema.

Sintaxis

DOLLAR(Value [; Decimals])

Valor ye un númberu, una referencia a una caxella que contién un númberu o una fórmula que da como resultáu un númberu.

Decimales ye'l númberu opcional de posiciones decimales.

Exemplu

=DOLLAR(255) returns $255.00 for the English (USA) locale and USD (dollar) currency; ¥255.00 for the Japanese locale and JPY (yen) currency; or 255,00 € for the German (Germany) locale and EUR (euro) currency.

=MONEDA(367,456;2) devuelve $367,46. Use'l separador decimal que se correspuenda a la configuración rexonal actual.

NOMPROPIO

Nel casu d'una cadena de testu, convierte en mayúscula la inicial de toles pallabres de la cadena.

Sintaxis

NOMPROPIO("Testu")

Testu fai referencia al testu que se debe convertir.

Exemplu

=PROPER("the document foundation") returns The Document Foundation.

REEMPLAZAR

Sustituyi parte d'una cadena de testu con una cadena de testu distinta. Esta función pue utilizase pa sustituyir caráuteres y númberos (que se converten automáticamente en testu). La resultancia de la función siempres ye un testu. Pa prosiguir cola operación de cálculu con un númberu trocáu por testu, ye precisu tresformar la resultancia de nuevu en númberu; pa ello, utilízase la función VALOR.

Si nun deseya qu'un testu que contenga númberos interprétese como númberu y conviértase en testu automáticamente tendrá d'escribilo ente comines.

Sintaxis

REEMPLAZAR("Testu"; Posición; Llargor; "testu_nuevu")

Testu fai referencia al testu del que se va sustituyir una parte.

Posición fai referencia a la posición del testu na que va empezar la sustitución.

Llargor ye'l númberu de caráuteres en Testu que se va a sustituyir.

testu_nuevu fai referencia al testu que sustitúi a Testu.

Exemplu

=REEMPLAZAR("1234567";1;1;"444") devuelvi "444234567". Un caráuter na posición 1 sustituyir pol testu_nuevu completu.

REPITIR

Repite una cadena de caráuteres el númberu de vegaes especificáu.

Sintaxis

REPITIR("Testu"; Númberu)

Testu ye'l testu que se debe repitir.

Númberu ye'l númberu de repeticiones.

Exemplu

=REPITIR("Bonos díes") devuelve Bonos díasBuenos díes.

tip

Refer to the REPT wiki page for more details about this function.


RIGHTB

Returns the last character or characters of a text with double bytes characters sets (DBCS).

tip

Esta función ta disponible dende la versión 4.2 de LibreOffice.


Sintaxis

RIGHTB("Text" [; Number_bytes])

Text is the text of which the right part is to be determined.

Number_bytes (optional) specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes. If this parameter is not defined, one byte is returned.

Exemplu

RIGHTB("中国";1) returns " " (1 byte is only half a DBCS character and a space character is returned instead).

RIGHTB("中国";2) returns "国" (2 bytes constitute one complete DBCS character).

RIGHTB("中国";3) returns " 国" (3 bytes constitute one half DBCS character and one whole DBCS character; a space is returned for the first half).

RIGHTB("中国";4) returns "中国" (4 bytes constitute two complete DBCS characters).

RIGHTB("office";3) returns "ice" (3 non-DBCS characters each consisting of 1 byte).

SUSTITUYIR

Troca un fragmentu de testu por otru nuevu dientro d'una cadena de caráuteres.

Sintaxis

SUBSTITUTE("Text"; "SearchText"; "NewText" [; Occurrence])

Testu ye'l testu nel que se van a intercambiar los segmentos de testu.

Guetar_testu ye'l segmentu de testu que se va a sustituyir (un númberu de vegaes).

testu_nuevu ye'l testu que va sustituyir al segmentu de testu.

Apaición (opcional) indica l'apaición del testu buscáu que se va trocar. Si nun s'especifica esti parámetru, el testu de la busca va trocase perdayuri.

Exemplu

=SUSTITUYIR("123123123";"3";"abc") devuelve 12abc12abc12abc.

=SUSTITUYIR("123123123";"3";"abc";2) devuelve 12312abc123.

T

Esta función devuelve'l testu de destín, o una cadena de testu balera si'l destín nun ye testu.

Sintaxis

T(Valor)

Si Valuor ye una cadena de testu o se refier a una cadena de testu. T va devolver esa cadena; de lo contrario devolvera una cadena en balera.

Exemplu

=T(12345) devuelve una cadena balera.

=T("12345") devuelve la cadena 12345.

TESTU

Converts a value into text according to a given format.

Sintaxis

TEXT(Value; Format)

Value is the value (numerical or textual) to be converted.

Formatu ye'l testu que define'l formatu. Use separadores de decimales y millares acordies con l'idioma definíu nel formatu de caxella.

Exemplu

=TESTU(12,34567;"###,##") devuelve'l testu 12,35.

=TESTU(12,34567;"000,00") devuelve'l testu 012,35.

=TEXT("xyz";"=== @ ===") returns the text === xyz ===

tip

See also Number format codes: custom format codes defined by the user.


UNICHAR

Convierte un númberu de códigu nun caráuter o lletra Unicode.

Sintaxis

UNICHAR(number)

Exemplu

=UNICHAR(169) da como resultáu'l caráuter de Copyright ©.

tip

See also the UNICODE() function.


UNICODE

Devuelve'l códigu numbéricu del primer caráuter Unicode d'una cadena de testu.

Sintaxis

UNICODE("Text")

Exemplu

=UNICODE("©") devuelve'l númberu Unicode 169 pal caráuter de Copyright.

tip

See also the UNICHAR() function.


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