AVERAGEIFS function

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SECOND

Returns the arithmetic mean of all cells in a range that satisfy given multiple criteria. The AVERAGEIFS function sums up all the results that match the logical tests and divides this sum by the quantity of selected values.

구문

AVERAGEIFS(Average_range; Criterion_range1; Criterion1 [; Criterion_range2; Criterion2 [; ...]])

Average_range – required argument. It is a range of cells, a name of a named range or a label of a column or a row containing values for calculating the mean.

Criterion_range1 – required argument. It is a range of cells, a name of a named range or a label of a column or a row containing values for finding the corresponding criterion.

Criterion1 – required argument. A condition in the form of expression or a cell reference to expression that defines what cells should be used to calculate the mean. The expression can contain text, numbers, regular expressions (if enabled in calculation options) or wildcards (if enabled in calculation options).

Criterion_range2 – Optional. Criterion_range2 and all the following mean the same as Criterion_range1.

Criterion2 – Optional. Criterion2 and all the following mean the same as Criterion1.

Note.png The logical relation between criteria can be defined as logical AND (conjunction). In other words, if and only if all given criteria are met, a value from the corresponding cell of the given Average_range is taken into calculation of the mean.

The Criterion needs to be a string expression, in particular, the Criterion needs to be enclosed in quotation marks ("Criterion") with the exception of the names of functions, cell references and the operator of a string concatenation (&).
The operators equal to (=), not equal to (<>), greater than (>), greater than or equal to (>=), less than (<), and less than or equal to (<=) can be used in criterion arguments for comparison of numbers.
The function can have up to 255 arguments, meaning that you can specify 127 criteria ranges and criteria for it.

Note.png This function is part of the Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) standard Version 1.2. (ISO/IEC 26300:2-2015)
Warning.png If a cell in a range of values for calculating the mean is empty or contains text, the function AVERAGEIFS ignores this cell.

If a cell contains TRUE, it is treated as 1, if a cell contains FALSE – as 0 (zero).
If the whole range is empty, contains only text or all values of the range do not satisfy the condition (or any combination of those), the function returns the #DIV/0! error.
If the range of values for calculating the mean and any range for finding criterion have unequal sizes, the function returns err:502.

Consider the following table

A B C
1 Product Name Sales Revenue
2 pencil 20 65
3 pen 35 85
4 notebook 20 190
5 book 17 180
6 pencil-case not not
Warning.png In all examples below, ranges for average calculation contain the row #6, but it is ignored, because it contains text.

Simple usage

=AVERAGE(A1:A50)

Calculates the average for values of the range B2:B6 that are greater than or equal to 20. Returns 25, because the fifth row does not meet the criterion.

=AVERAGE(A1:A50)

Calculates the average for values of the range C2:C6 that are greater than 70 and correspond to cells of B2:B6 with values greater than or equal to 20. Returns 137.5, because the second and fifth rows do not meet at least one criterion.

Using regular expressions and nested functions

=AVERAGEIFS(C2:C6;B2:B6;">"&MIN(B2:B6);B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6))

Calculates the average for values of the range C2:C6 that correspond to all values of the range B2:B6 except its minimum and maximum. Returns 127.5, because the third and fifth rows do not meet at least one criterion.

=AVERAGEIFS(C2:C6;A2:A6;"pen.*";B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6))

Calculates the average for values of the range C2:C6 that correspond to all cells of the A2:A6 range starting with "pen" and to all cells of the B2:B6 range except its maximum. Returns 65, because only second row meets all criteria.

Reference to a cell as a criterion

If you need to change a criterion easily, you may want to specify it in a separate cell and use a reference to this cell in the condition of AVERAGEIFS function. For example, the above function can be rewritten as follows:

=AVERAGEIFS(C2:C6;A2:A6;E2&".*";B2:B6;"<"&MAX(B2:B6))

If E2 = pen, the function returns 65, because the link to the cell is substituted with its content.


Related Topics

AVERAGE, AVERAGEA, , , , MAX, MIN

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