# Number Format Codes

Number format codes can consist of up to four sections separated by a semicolon (;).

1. In a number format code with two sections, the first section applies to positive values and zero, and the second section applies to negative values.

2. In a number format code with three sections, the first section applies to positive values, the second section to negative values, and the third section to the value zero.

3. You can also assign conditions to the three sections, so that the format is only applied if a condition is met.

4. Fourth section applies if the content is not a value, but some text. Content is represented by an at sign (@).

## Decimal Places and Significant Digits

Use zero (0), the number sign (#) or the question mark (?) as placeholders in your number format code to represent numbers. The # only displays significant digits, while the 0 displays zeroes if there are fewer digits in the number than in the number format. The ? works as the # but adds a space character to keep decimal alignment if there is a hidden non-significant zero.

Use question marks (?), zeroes (0) or number signs (#) to represent the number of digits to include in the numerator and the denominator of a fraction. Fractions that do not fit the pattern that you define are displayed as floating point numbers.

If a number contains more digits to the right of the decimal delimiter than there are placeholders in the format, the number is rounded accordingly. If a number contains more digits to the left of the decimal delimiter than there are placeholders in the format, the entire number is displayed. Use the following list as a guide for using placeholders when you create a number format code:

 Placeholders Explanation # Does not display extra zeros. ? Displays space characters instead of extra zeros. 0 (Zero) Displays extra zeros if the number has less places than zeros in the format.

### Examples

 Number Format Format Code 3456.78 as 3456.8 ####.# 9.9 as 9.900 #.000 13 as 13.0 and 1234.567 as 1234.57 #.0# 5.75 as 5 3/4 and 6.3 as 6 3/10 # ???/??? .5 as 0.5 0.## .5 as 0.5   (with two extra spaces at the end) 0.???

### Thousands Separator

Depending on your language setting, you can use a comma, a period or a blank as a thousands separator. You can also use the separator to reduce the size of the number that is displayed by a multiple of 1000 for each separator. The examples below use comma as thousands separator:

 Number Format Format Code 15000 as 15,000 #,### 16000 as 16 #,

## Including Text in Number Format Codes

### Text and Numbers

To include text in a number format that is applied to a cell containing numbers, place a double quotation mark (") in front of and behind the text, or a backslash (\) before a single character. For example, enter #.# "meters" to display "3.5 meters" or #.# \m to display "3.5 m". If you use space as thousands separator, you need to insert spaces between quotes in the previous examples: #.#" meters" or #.#\ \m to get the correct result.

### Text and Text

To include text in a number format that is applied to a cell that might contain text, enclose the text by double quotation marks (" "), and then add an at sign (@). For example, enter "Total for "@ to display "Total for December".

### Spaces

To use a character to define the width of a space in a number format, type an underscore (_) followed by the character. The width of the space varies according to the width of the character that you choose. For example, _M creates a wider space than _i.

To fill free space with a given character, use an asterisk (*) followed by this character. For instance:

*\0

will display integer value (0) preceded by as many as needed backslash characters (\) to fill column width. For accounting representation, you may left align currency symbol with a format similar to:

\$_-* 0.--;\$-* 0.--;\$_-* -

## Color

To set the color of a section of a number format code, insert one of the following color names in square brackets [ ]:

 CYAN GREEN BLACK BLUE MAGENTA RED WHITE YELLOW

## Conditions

### Conditional Brackets

You can define a number format so that it only applies when the condition that you specify is met. Conditions are enclosed by square brackets [ ].

You can use any combination of numbers and the <, <=, >, >=, = and <> operators.

For example, if you want to apply different colors to different temperature data, enter:

[BLUE][<0]#.0 "°C";[RED][>30]#.0 "°C";[BLACK]#.0 "°C"

All temperatures below zero are blue, temperatures between 0 and 30 °C are black, and temperatures higher than 30 °C are red.

### Positive and Negative Numbers

To define a number format that adds a different text to a number depending on if the number is positive, negative, or equal to zero, use the following format:

"plus" 0;"minus" 0;"null" 0

## Percentages, Scientific Notation and Fraction Representation

### Percentages

To display numbers as percentages, add the percent sign (%) to the number format.

### Scientific Notation

Scientific notation lets you write very large numbers or very small fractions in a compact form. For example, in scientific notation, 650000 is written as 6.5 x 105, and 0.000065 as 6.5 x 10-5. In LibreOfficeDev, these numbers are written as 6.5E+5 and 6.5E-5, respectively. To create a number format that displays numbers using scientific notation, enter a # or 0, and then one of the following codes E-, E+, e- or e+. If sign is omitted after E or e, it won't appear for positive value of exponent. To get engineering notation, enter 3 digits (0 or #) in the integer part: ###.##E+00 for instance.

### Fraction Representation

To represent a value as a fraction, format consists of two or three parts: integer optional part, numerator and denominator. Integer and numerator are separated by a blank or any quoted text. Numerator and denominator are separated by a slash character. Each part can consist of a combination of #, ? and 0 as placeholders.

Denominator is calculated to get the nearest value of the fraction with respect to the number of placeholders. For example, PI value is represented as 3 16/113 with format:

# ?/???

Denominator value can also be forced to the value replacing placeholders. For example, to get PI value as a multiple of 1/16th (i.e. 50/16), use format:

?/16

## Number Format Codes of Currency Formats

The default currency format for the cells in your spreadsheet is determined by the regional setting of your operating system. If you want, you can apply a custom currency symbol to a cell. For example, enter #,##0.00 € to display 4.50 € (Euros).

You can also specify the locale setting for the currency by entering the locale code for the country after the symbol. For example, [\$€-407] represents Euros in Germany. To view the locale code for a country, select the country in the Language list on the Numbers tab of the Format Cells dialog.

The format code for currencies uses the form [\$xxx-nnn], where xxx is the currency symbol, and nnn the country code. Special banking symbols, such as EUR (for Euro), do not require the country code. The currency format is not dependent on the language that you select in the Language box.

## Date and Time Formats

### Date Formats

To display days, months and years, use the following number format codes.

Not all format codes give meaningful results for all languages.

 Format Format Code Month as 3. M Month as 03. MM Month as Jan-Dec MMM Month as January-December MMMM First letter of Name of Month MMMMM Day as 2 D Day as 02 DD Day as Sun-Sat NN or DDD or AAA Day as Sunday to Saturday NNN or DDDD or AAAA Day followed by comma, as in "Sunday," NNNN Year as 00-99 YY Year as 1900-2078 YYYY Calendar week WW Quarterly as Q1 to Q4 Q Quarterly as 1st quarter to 4th quarter QQ Era, abbreviation. On the Japanese Gengou calendar, single character (possible values are: M, T, S, H) G Era, abbreviation GG Era, full name GGG Number of the year within an era, short format E Number of the year within an era, long format EE or R Era, full name and year RR or GGGEE

The above listed formatting codes work with your language version of LibreOfficeDev. However, when you need to switch the locale of LibreOfficeDev to another locale, you need to know the formatting codes used in that other locale.

For example, if your software is set to an English locale, and you want to format a year with four digits, you enter YYYY as a formatting code. When you switch to a German locale, you must use JJJJ instead. The following table lists only the localized differences.

 Locale Year Month Day Hour Day Of Week Era English - en and all not listed locales Y M D H A G German - de J T Netherlands - nl J U French - fr A J O Italian - it A G O X Portuguese - pt A O Spanish - es A O Danish - da T Norwegian - no, nb, nn T Swedish - sv T Finnish - fi V K P T

### Entering Dates

To enter a date in a cell, use the Gregorian calendar format. For example, in an English locale, enter 1/2/2002 for Jan 2, 2002.

All date formats are dependent on the locale that is set in - Language settings - Languages. For example, if your locale is set to 'Japanese', then the Gengou calendar is used. The default date format in LibreOfficeDev uses the Gregorian Calendar.

To specify a calendar format that is independent of the locale, add a modifier in front of the date format. For example, to display a date using the Jewish calendar format in a non-Hebrew locale, enter: [~jewish]DD/MM/YYYY.

The specified calendar is exported to Microsoft Excel using extended LCID. Extended LCID can also be used in the format string. It will be converted to a calendar modifier if it is supported. See Extended LCID section below.

 Modifier Calendar [~buddhist] Thai Buddhist Calendar [~gengou] Japanese Gengou Calendar [~gregorian] Gregorian Calendar [~hanja] or [~hanja_yoil] Korean Calendar [~hijri] Arabic Islamic Calendar [~jewish] Jewish Calendar [~ROC] Republic Of China Calendar

### Time Formats

To display hours, minutes and seconds use the following number format codes:

 Format Format Code Hours as 0-23 H Hours as 00-23 HH Hours as 00 up to more than 23 [HH] Minutes as 0-59 M Minutes as 00-59 MM Minutes as 00 up to more than 59 [MM] Seconds as 0-59 S Seconds as 00-59 SS Seconds as 00 up to more than 59 [SS]

To display seconds as fractions, add the decimal delimiter to your number format code. For example, enter HH:MM:SS.00 to display the time as "01:02:03.45".

Minute time formats M and MM must be used in combination with hour or second time formats to avoid confusion with month date format.

If a time is entered in the form 02:03.45 or 01:02:03.45 or 25:01:02, the following formats are assigned if no other time format has been specified: MM:SS.00 or [HH]:MM:SS.00 or [HH]:MM:SS

## NatNum modifiers

To display numbers using native number characters, use a [NatNum1], [NatNum2], ..., [NatNum11] modifier at the beginning of a number format codes.

To spell out numbers in various number, currency and date formats, use a [NatNum12] modifier with the chosen arguments at the beginning of a number format code. See NatNum12 section below.

The [NatNum1] modifier always uses a one to one character mapping to convert numbers to a string that matches the native number format code of the corresponding locale. The other modifiers produce different results if they are used with different locales. A locale can be the language and the territory for which the format code is defined, or a modifier such as [\$-yyy] that follows the native number modifier. In this case, yyy is the hexadecimal MS-LCID that is also used in currency format codes. For example, to display a number using Japanese short Kanji characters in an English US locale, use the following number format code:

[NatNum1][\$-411]0

In the following list, the Microsoft Excel [DBNumX] modifier that corresponds to LibreOfficeDev [NatNum] modifier is shown. If you want, you can use a [DBNumX] modifier instead of [NatNum] modifier for your locale. Whenever possible, LibreOfficeDev internally maps [DBNumX] modifiers to [NatNumN] modifiers.

Displaying dates using [NatNum] modifiers can have a different effect than displaying other types of numbers. Such effects are indicated by 'CAL: '. For example, 'CAL: 1/4/4' indicates that the year is displayed using the [NatNum1] modifier, while the day and month are displayed using the [NatNum4] modifier. If 'CAL' is not specified, the date formats for that particular modifier are not supported.

[NatNum0]

Try to convert any native number string to ASCII Arabic digits. If already ASCII, it remains ASCII.

[NatNum1]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese Chinese lower case characters CAL: 1/7/7 [DBNum1] Japanese short Kanji characters [DBNum1] CAL: 1/4/4 [DBNum1] Korean Korean lower case characters [DBNum1] CAL: 1/7/7 [DBNum1] Hebrew Hebrew characters Arabic Arabic-Indic characters Thai Thai characters Hindi Indic-Devanagari characters Odia Odia (Oriya) characters Marathi Indic-Devanagari characters Bengali Bengali characters Punjabi Punjabi (Gurmukhi) characters Gujarati Gujarati characters Tamil Tamil characters Telugu Telugu characters Kannada Kannada characters Malayalam Malayalam characters Lao Lao characters Tibetan Tibetan characters Burmese Burmese (Myanmar) characters Khmer Khmer (Cambodian) characters Mongolian Mongolian characters Nepali Indic-Devanagari characters Dzongkha Tibetan characters Farsi East Arabic-Indic characters Church Slavic Cyrillic characters

[NatNum2]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese Chinese upper case characters CAL 2/8/8 [DBNum2] Japanese traditional Kanji characters CAL 2/5/5 [DBNum2] Korean Korean upper case characters [DBNum2] CAL 2/8/8 [DBNum2] Hebrew Hebrew numbering

[NatNum3]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese fullwidth Arabic digits CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3] Japanese fullwidth Arabic digits CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3] Korean fullwidth Arabic digits [DBNum3] CAL: 3/3/3 [DBNum3]

[NatNum4]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese lower case text [DBNum1] Japanese modern long Kanji text [DBNum2] Korean formal lower case text

[NatNum5]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese Chinese upper case text [DBNum2] Japanese traditional long Kanji text [DBNum3] Korean formal upper case text

[NatNum6]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese fullwidth text [DBNum3] Japanese fullwidth text Korean fullwidth text

[NatNum7]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese short lower case text Japanese modern short Kanji text Korean informal lower case text

[NatNum8]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Chinese short upper case text Japanese traditional short Kanji text [DBNum4] Korean informal upper case text

[NatNum9]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Korean Hangul characters

[NatNum10]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Korean formal Hangul text [DBNum4] CAL 9/11/11 [DBNum4]

[NatNum11]

 Transliterations Native Number Characters DBNumX Date Format Korean informal Hangul text

### Extended LCID

If compatible, native numbering and calendar are exported to Microsoft Excel using extended LCID. Extended LCID can also be used in string format instead of NatNum modifier.

Extended LCID consists of 8 hexadecimal digits: [\$-NNCCLLLL], with 2 first digits NN for native numerals, CC for calendar and LLLL for LCID code. For instance, [\$-0D0741E] will be converted to [NatNum1][\$-41E][~buddhist]: Thai numerals (0D) with Buddhist calendar (07) in Thai locale (041E).

Native Numerals

Two first digits NN represents native numerals:

 NN Numeral Representation Compatible LCID 01 Arabic 1234567890 all 02 Eastern Arabic ١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩٠ 401 1401, 3c01, 0c01, 801, 2c01, 3401, 3001, 1001, 1801, 2001, 4001, 2801, 1c01, 3801, 2401 03 Persian ۱۲۳۴۵۶۷۸۹۰ 429 04 Devanagari १२३४५६७८९० 439 44E, 461, 861 05 Bengali ১২৩৪৫৬৭৮৯০ 445 845 06 Punjabi ੧੨੩੪੫੬੭੮੯੦ 446 07 Gujarati ૧૨૩૪૫૬૭૮૯૦ 447 08 Oriya ୧୨୩୪୫୬୭୮୯୦ 448 09 Tamil ௧௨௩௪௫௬௭௮௯0 449 849 0A Telugu ౧౨౩౪౫౬౭౮౯౦ 44A 0B Kannada ೧೨೩೪೫೬೭೮೯೦ 44B 0C Malayalam ൧൨൩൪൫൬൭൮൯൦ 44C 0D Thai ๑๒๓๔๕๖๗๘๙๐ 41E 0E Lao ໑໒໓໔໕໖໗໘໙໐ 454 0F Tibetan ༡༢༣༤༥༦༧༨༩༠ 851 10 Burmese ၁၂၃၄၅၆၇၈၉၀ 455 11 Tigrina ፩፪፫፬፭፮፯፰፱0 473 873 12 Khmer ១២៣៤៥៦៧៨៩០ 453 13 Mongolian ᠑᠒᠓᠔᠕᠖᠗᠘᠙᠐ C50 850 1B Japanese 一二三四五六七八九〇 411 1C (financial) 壱弐参四伍六七八九〇 1D (fullwidth Arabic) １２３４５６７８９０ 1E Chinese - simplified 一二三四五六七八九○ 804 1004, 7804 1F (financial) 壹贰叁肆伍陆柒捌玖零 20 (fullwidth Arabic) １２３４５６７８９０ 21 Chinese - traditional 一二三四五六七八九○ C04 1404 22 (financial) 壹貳參肆伍陸柒捌玖零 23 (fullwidth Arabic) １２３４５６７８９０ 24 Korean 一二三四五六七八九０ 812 25 (financial) 壹貳參四伍六七八九零 26 (fullwidth Arabic) １２３４５６７８９０ 27 Korean - Hangul 일이삼사오육칠팔구영

Calendar

Two next digits CC are for calendar code. Each calendar is only valid for some LCID.

 CC Calendar Example (YYYY-MM-DD) Supported LCID 00 Gregorian 2016-08-31 All 03 Gengou 28-08-31 411 (Japanese) 05 Unknown 4349-08-31 Unsupported 06 or 17 Hijri 1437-11-28 401 (Arabic - Saudi Arabia), 1401 (Arabic - Algeria), 3c01 (Arabic - Bahrain), 0c01 (Arabic - Egypt), 801 (Arabic - Iraq), 2c01 (Arabic - Jordan), 3401 (Arabic - Kuwait), 3001 (Arabic - Lebanon), 1001 (Arabic - Libya), 1801 (Arabic - Morocco), 2001 (Arabic - Oman), 4001 (Arabic - Qatar), 2801 (Arabic - Syria), 1c01 (Arabic - Tunisia), 3801 (Arabic - U.A.E.), 2401 (Arabic - Yemen) and 429 (Farsi) 07 Buddhist 2559-08-31 454 (Lao), 41E (Thai) 08 Jewish 5776-05-27 40D (Hebrew) 10 Indian 1938-06-09 Unsupported 0E, 0F, 11, 12 or 13 Unknown 2016-07-29 Unsupported Unsupported Hanja 412 (Korean) Unsupported ROC 0105-08-31 404 (Chinese - Taiwan)

## NatNum12 modifier

To spell out numbers in various number, currency and date formats, use a [NatNum12] modifier with the chosen arguments at the beginning of a number format code.

Common NatNum12 formatting examples

 Formatting code Explanation [NatNum12] Spell out as cardinal number: 1 → one [NatNum12 ordinal] Spell out as ordinal number: 1 → first [NatNum12 ordinal-number] Spell out as ordinal indicator: 1 → 1st [NatNum12 capitalize] Spell out with capitalization, as cardinal number: 1 → One [NatNum12 upper ordinal] Spell out in upper case, as ordinal number: 1 → FIRST [NatNum12 title] Spell out in title case, as cardinal number: 101 → Hundred One [NatNum12 USD] Spell out as a money amount of a given currency specified by 3-letter ISO code: 1 → one U.S. dollar [NatNum12 D=ordinal-number]D" of "MMMM Spell out as a date in format "1st of May" [NatNum12 YYYY=title year,D=capitalize ordinal]D" of "MMMM, YYYY Spell out as a date in format "First of May, Nineteen Ninety-nine"

Other possible arguments: "money" before 3-letter currency codes, for example [NatNum12 capitalize money USD]0.00 will format number "1.99" as "One and 99/100 U.S. Dollars".

## Error Codes

If the value is outside the limits for the selected format the following error code is shown:

#FMT