# Operators in LibreOffice Calc

You can use the following operators in LibreOffice Calc:

## Arithmetical Operators

These operators return numerical results.

Operator

Name

+ (Plus)

Addition

1+1

- (Minus)

Subtraction

2-1

- (Minus)

Negation

-5

* (asterisk)

Multiplication

2*2

/ (Slash)

Division

9/3

% (Percent)

Percent

15%

^ (Caret)

Exponentiation

3^2

## Comparative operators

These operators return either true or false.

Operator

Name

#### Example

= (equal sign)

Equal

A1=B1

> (Greater than)

Greater than

A1>B1

< (Less than)

Less than

A1<B1

>= (Greater than or equal to)

Greater than or equal to

A1>=B1

<= (Less than or equal to)

Less than or equal to

A1<=B1

<> (Inequality)

Inequality

A1<>B1

## Text operators

The operator combines separate texts into one text.

Operator

Name

#### Example

& (And)

text concatenation AND

"Sun" & "day" is "Sunday"

## Reference operators

These operators return a cell range of zero, one or more cells.

Range has the highest precedence, then intersection, and then finally union.

Operator

Name

#### Example

: (Colon)

Range

A1:C108

! (Exclamation point)

Intersection

SUM(A1:B6!B5:C12)

Calculates the sum of all cells in the intersection; in this example, the result yields the sum of cells B5 and B6.

~ (Tilde)

Concatenation or union

Takes two references and returns a reference list, which is a concatenation of the left reference followed by the right reference. Double entries are referenced twice. See note below this table.

Reference concatenation using a tilde character was implemented lately. When a formula with the tilde operator exists in a document that is opened in old versions of the software, an error is returned. A reference list is not allowed inside an array expression.

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