# Mathematical Functions

This category contains the Mathematical functions for Calc. To open the Function Wizard, choose Insert - Function.

## AGGREGATE

This function returns an aggregate result of the calculations in the range. You can use different aggregate functions listed below. The Aggregate function enables you to omit hidden rows, errors, SUBTOTAL and other AGGREGATE function results in the calculation.

## RAWSUBTRACT

Subtracts a set of numbers and gives the result without eliminating small roundoff errors.

## COLOR

Return a numeric value calculated by a combination of three colors (red, green and blue) and the alpha channel, in the RGBA color system. The result depends on the color system used by your computer.

## SUMIFS

Returns the sum of the values of cells in a range that meets multiple criteria in multiple ranges.

## ABS

Returns the absolute value of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Number is the number whose absolute value is to be calculated. The absolute value of a number is its value without the +/- sign.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

## ACOS

Returns the inverse trigonometric cosine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse trigonometric cosine of Number, that is the angle (in radians) whose cosine is Number. The angle returned is between 0 and PI.

To return the angle in degrees, use the DEGREES function.

### උදාහරණය

=DEGREES(ACOS(0.5)) returns 60. The cosine of 60 degrees is 0.5.

### Open file with example: ## ACOS

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of Number, that is the number whose hyperbolic cosine is Number.

Number must be greater than or equal to 1.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

### Open file with example: ## ACOS

Returns the inverse cotangent (the arccotangent) of the given number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse trigonometric cotangent of Number, that is the angle (in radians) whose cotangent is Number. The angle returned is between 0 and PI.

To return the angle in degrees, use the DEGREES function.

### උදාහරණය

=DEGREES(ACOT(1)) returns 45. The tangent of 45 degrees is 1.

### Open file with example: ## ACOS

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of the given number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of Number, that is the number whose hyperbolic cotangent is Number.

An error results if Number is between -1 and 1 inclusive.

### උදාහරණය

=ACOTH(1.1) returns inverse hyperbolic cotangent of 1.1, approximately 1.52226.

### Open file with example: ## ACOS

Returns the cotangent of the given angle (in radians).

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) cotangent of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the cotangent of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

The cotangent of an angle is equivalent to 1 divided by the tangent of that angle.

### උදාහරණය

=COT(PI()/4) returns 1, the cotangent of PI/4 radians.

=COT(RADIANS(45)) returns 1, the cotangent of 45 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## AND

Returns a random number between 0 and 1.

### වාග් රීතිය

RAND()

This function produces a new random number each time Calc recalculates. To force Calc to recalculate manually press F9.

To generate random numbers which never recalculate, copy cells each containing =RAND(), and use Edit - Paste Special (with Paste All and Formulas not marked and Numbers marked).

### උදාහරණය

=RAND() returns a random number between 0 and 1.

## ATAN

Returns the inverse trigonometric tangent of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse trigonometric tangent of Number, that is the angle (in radians) whose tangent is Number. The angle returned is between -PI/2 and PI/2.

To return the angle in degrees, use the DEGREES function.

### උදාහරණය

=DEGREES(ATAN(1)) returns 45. The tangent of 45 degrees is 1.

### Open file with example: ## ATAN

Returns the inverse trigonometric tangent of the specified x and y coordinates.

### වාග් රීතිය

ATAN2(NumberX; NumberY)

NumberX is the value of the x coordinate.

NumberY is the value of the y coordinate.

ATAN2 returns the inverse trigonometric tangent, that is, the angle (in radians) between the x-axis and a line from point NumberX, NumberY to the origin. The angle returned is between -PI and PI.

To return the angle in degrees, use the DEGREES function.

### උදාහරණය

=DEGREES(ATAN2(12.3;12.3)) returns 45. The tangent of 45 degrees is 1.

### Open file with example: ## ATAN

Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of Number, that is the number whose hyperbolic tangent is Number.

Number must obey the condition -1 < number < 1.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

### Open file with example: ## CEILING

වෙසෙසියාවේ ගුණිතයේ ආසන්නතම පහල අගයට සන්ඛ්‍යාවක් වටයන්න.

### වාග් රීතිය

FLOOR ‍(සංඛ්‍යාව;වෙසෙසියාව;ප්‍රකාරය)

Number මෙය වැටයිය යුතු අංකය වෙයි.

Significance වැටයිය යුතු සංඛ්‍යාවේ ගුණිතයේ අගය මෙය වේ.

Mode is an optional value. If the Mode value is given and not equal to zero, and if Number and Significance are negative, then rounding is done based on the absolute value of Number, i.e. negative numbers are rounded away from zero. If the Mode value is equal to zero or is not given, negative numbers are rounded towards zero. If the spreadsheet is exported to Microsoft Excel, the CEILING function is exported as the equivalent CEILING.MATH function that exists since Excel 2013. If you plan to use the spreadsheet with earlier Excel versions, use either CEILING.PRECISE that exists since Excel 2010, or CEILING.XCL that is exported as the CEILING function compatible with all Excel versions. Note that CEILING.XCL always rounds away from zero.

### උදාහරණය

=FLOOR( -11;-2) returns -12

=FLOOR( -11;-2;0) returns -12

=FLOOR( -11;-2;0) returns -12

## CEILING.MATH

Rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of Significance.

### Syntax

CEILING.MATH(Number; Significance; Mode)

Number is the number that is to be rounded up.

Significance is the number to whose multiple the value is to be rounded up.

Mode is an optional value. If the Mode value is given and not equal to zero, and if Number and Significance are negative, then rounding is done based on the absolute value of Number, i.e. negative numbers are rounded away from zero. If the Mode value is equal to zero or is not given, negative numbers are rounded towards zero. This function exists for interoperability with Microsoft Excel 2013 or newer.

### Example

=CEILING.MATH(-10;-3) returns -9

=CEILING.MATH(-10;-3;0) returns -9

=CEILING.MATH(-10;-3;1) returns -12

## CEILING.PRECISE

Rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of Significance, regardless of sign of Significance

### වාග් රීතිය

CEILING.PRECISE(Number; Significance)

Number මෙය වැටයිය යුතු අංකය වෙයි.

Significance වැටයිය යුතු සංඛ්‍යාවේ ගුණිතයේ අගය මෙය වේ.

### උදාහරණය

=FLOOR( -11;-2) returns -12

## CEILING.XCL

Rounds a number away from zero to the nearest multiple of Significance.

### Syntax

CEILING.XCL(Number; Significance)

Number is the number that is to be rounded.

Significance is the number to whose multiple the value is to be rounded. This function exists for interoperability with Microsoft Excel 2007 or older versions.

### Example

=CEILING.XCL(1;3) returns 3

=CEILING.XCL(7;4) returns 8

=CEILING.XCL(-10;-3) returns -12

## COMBIN

Returns the number of combinations for elements without repetition.

### වාග් රීතිය

COMBIN(Count1; Count2)

Count1 is the number of items in the set.

Count2 is the number of items to choose from the set.

COMBIN returns the number of ordered ways to choose these items. For example if there are 3 items A, B and C in a set, you can choose 2 items in 3 different ways, namely AB, AC and BC.

COMBIN implements the formula: Count1!/(Count2!*(Count1-Count2)!)

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## COMBINA

Returns the number of combinations of a subset of items including repetitions.

### වාග් රීතිය

COMBINA(Count1; Count2)

Count1 is the number of items in the set.

Count2 is the number of items to choose from the set.

COMBINA returns the number of unique ways to choose these items, where the order of choosing is irrelevant, and repetition of items is allowed. For example if there are 3 items A, B and C in a set, you can choose 2 items in 6 different ways, namely AA, AB, AC, BB, BC and CC.

COMBINA implements the formula: (Count1+Count2-1)! / (Count2!(Count1-1)!)

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## CONVERT_OOO

එක් ඒකක මිනුමකින් තවත් ඒකක මිනුමකට අගයක් පරිවර්තනය කරයි. පරිවර්තන සාධක වින්‍යාසයේ වට්ටෝරුවක දී ඇත..

එක් වරක පරිවර්තන සාධක වට්ටෝරුව පාරම්පරික යුරෝපීය මුදල් ඒකක සහ යුරෝ වලින් සමන්විත වේ(පහත උදාහරන බලන්න). මෙම මුදල් පරිවර්තන සඳහා EUROCONVERT නව ක්‍රියාව භාවිතා කිරීම අප යෝජනා කරයි.

### වාග් රීතිය

CONVERT_OOO(value;"text";"text")

### උදාහරණය

=CONVERT_OOO(100;"ATS";"EUR") returns the Euro value of 100 Austrian Schillings.

=CONVERT_OOO(100;"EUR";"DEM") converts 100 Euros into German Marks.

## COS

Returns the cosine of the given angle (in radians).

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) cosine of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the cosine of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

### උදාහරණය

=COS(PI()*2) returns 1, the cosine of 2*PI radians.

=COS(RADIANS(60)) returns 0.5, the cosine of 60 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## COS

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=COSH(0) returns 1, the hyperbolic cosine of 0.

### Open file with example: ## COS

Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a given number (angle).

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=COTH(1) returns the hyperbolic cotangent of 1, approximately 1.3130.

### Open file with example: ## CSC

Returns the cosecant of the given angle (in radians). The cosecant of an angle is equivalent to 1 divided by the sine of that angle

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) cosecant of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the cosecant of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

### උදාහරණය

=CSC(PI()/4) returns approximately 1.4142135624, the inverse of the sine of PI/4 radians.

=CSC(RADIANS(30)) returns 2, the cosecant of 30 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## CSCH

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=CSCH(1) returns approximately 0.8509181282, the hyperbolic cosecant of 1.

### Open file with example: ## DEGREES

### වාග් රීතිය

DEGREES(Number)

Number is the angle in radians to be converted to degrees.

### උදාහරණය

=DEGREES(PI()) returns 180 degrees.

## EUROCONVERT

Converts between old European national currency and to and from Euros.

### වාග් රීතිය

EUROCONVERT(Value; "From_currency"; "To_currency", full_precision, triangulation_precision)

Value මෙය හුවමාරු කල යුතු මුදල් ප්‍රමාණයයි.

From_currency and To_currency මේවා පිලිවෙලින් හුවමාරු කල යුතු මුදල් ඒකක වෙයි.අනුපාතික(උදාහරන:"EUර්‍")යුරොපීය කොමිසම විසින් පනවා ඇත.

Full_precision මෙය විකල්ප වේ.මඟහැර ‍‍යැම හෝ වැරදීමකදී, දශම සංඛ්‍යා අනුව වටයා ප්‍රතිපලය ලබා ගනී. සම්පූර්ණ සුනම්‍යතාව නිවැරදි නම් ප්‍රතිපලය වටයනු නොලැබේ.

Triangulation_precision ව්කල්ප වේ.Triangulation_precision දී ඇත්නම් සහ >=3 වෙයි නම් තුන්කොන් පරිවර්තනයක අතරමැදි ප්‍රතිපලය (currency1,EUR,currency2) එම නිවැරදිතාවයට වටයනු ලැබේ.තුන්කොන් නිවැරදිතාව මඟහැරියේ නම් අතරමැදි ප්‍රතිපලය වටයන්නේ නැත.එසේම පරිවර්තනය කරන්නේ "EUR" වලට නම් තුන්කොන්කරණ නිවැරදිතාවය භාවිතා කරන්නේ තුන්කොන්කරණය අවශ්‍ය නම් සහ EUR සිට EUR වෙත පරිවර්තනය යෙදෙන්නේ නම් පමණි.

### ප්‍රකාරය

=EUROCONVERT(100;"ATS";"EUR") වලින් ඕස්ට්‍රේලියානු ස්චිලින් 100ක් යුරෝ වලට පරිවර්තනය කරයි.

=EUROCONVERT(100;"EUR";"DEM") වලින් යුරෝ 100ක් ජෙර්මානු මාර්ක්ස් වලට පරිවර්තනය කරයි.

## EVEN

ධන සංඛ්‍යාවක් ඉහලින් ඇති ආසන්නතම ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයටත්, ඍණ සංඛ්‍යාවක් ආසන්නතම පහලින් ඇති ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයටත් වටයනු ලැබෙයි.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

ආපසු එවුම සංඛ්‍යාව ඉහලින් ඇති බින්දුවෙන් ඈත ඊ ලඟ ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයට වටයයි.

### උදාහරණය

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

## EXP

Returns e raised to the power of a number. The constant e has a value of approximately 2.71828182845904.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Number is the power to which e is to be raised.

### උදාහරණය

=EXP(1) returns 2.71828182845904, the mathematical constant e to Calc's accuracy.

## FACT

Returns the factorial of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns Number!, the factorial of Number, calculated as 1*2*3*4* ... * Number.

=FACT(0) returns 1 by definition.

The factorial of a negative number returns the "invalid argument" error.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

## FLOOR

වෙසෙසියාවේ ගුණිතයේ ආසන්නතම පහල අගයට සන්ඛ්‍යාවක් වටයන්න.

### වාග් රීතිය

FLOOR ‍(සංඛ්‍යාව;වෙසෙසියාව;ප්‍රකාරය)

Number මෙය වැටයිය යුතු අංකය වෙයි.

Significance වැටයිය යුතු සංඛ්‍යාවේ ගුණිතයේ අගය මෙය වේ.

Mode is an optional value. If the Mode value is given and not equal to zero, and if Number and Significance are negative, then rounding is done based on the absolute value of Number, i.e. negative numbers are rounded towards zero. If the Mode value is equal to zero or is not given, negative numbers are rounded away from zero. If the spreadsheet is exported to Microsoft Excel, the FLOOR function is exported as the equivalent FLOOR.MATH function that exists since Excel 2013. If you plan to use the spreadsheet with earlier Excel versions, use either FLOOR.PRECISE that exists since Excel 2010, or FLOOR.XCL that is exported as the FLOOR function compatible with all Excel versions. Note that FLOOR.XCL always rounds towards zero.

### උදාහරණය

=FLOOR( -11;-2) returns -12

=FLOOR( -11;-2;0) returns -12

=FLOOR( -11;-2;1) returns -10

## FLOOR.PRECISE

Rounds a number down to the nearest multiple of Significance, regardless of sign of Significance

### වාග් රීතිය

FLOOR.PRECISE(Number; Significance)

Number මෙය වැටයිය යුතු අංකය වෙයි.

Significance වැටයිය යුතු සංඛ්‍යාවේ ගුණිතයේ අගය මෙය වේ.

### උදාහරණය

=FLOOR( -11;-2) returns -12

## GCD

Returns the greatest common divisor of two or more integers.

The greatest common divisor is the positive largest integer which will divide, without remainder, each of the given integers.

### වාග් රීතිය

GCD(Integer1; Integer2; ...; Integer30)

Integer1 To 30 are up to 30 integers whose greatest common divisor is to be calculated.

### උදාහරණය

=GCD(16;32;24) gives the result 8, because 8 is the largest number that can divide 16, 24 and 32 without a remainder.

=GCD(B1:B3) where cells B1, B2, B3 contain 9, 12, 9 gives 3.

## GCD_EXCEL2003

The result is the greatest common divisor of a list of numbers. The functions whose names end with _ADD or _EXCEL2003 return the same results as the corresponding Microsoft Excel 2003 functions without the suffix. Use the functions without suffix to get results based on international standards.

### වාග් රීතිය

GCD_EXCEL2003(Number(s))

Number(s) is a list of up to 30 numbers.

### උදාහරණය

=GCD_EXCEL2003(5;15;25) returns 5.

## INT

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns Number rounded down to the nearest integer.

Negative numbers round down to the integer below.

### උදාහරණය

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

## ISO.CEILING

Rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of Significance, regardless of sign of Significance

### වාග් රීතිය

ISO.CEILING(Number; Significance)

Number මෙය වැටයිය යුතු අංකය වෙයි.

Significance වැටයිය යුතු සංඛ්‍යාවේ ගුණිතයේ අගය මෙය වේ.

### උදාහරණය

=FLOOR( -11;-2) returns -12

## LCM

Returns the least common multiple of one or more integers.

### වාග් රීතිය

LCM(Integer1; Integer2; ...; Integer30)

Integer1 to 30 are up to 30 integers whose lowest common multiple is to be calculated.

### උදාහරණය

If you enter the numbers 512;1024 and 2000 in the Integer 1;2 and 3 text boxes, 128000 will be returned as the result.

## LCM_EXCEL2003

The result is the lowest common multiple of a list of numbers. The functions whose names end with _ADD or _EXCEL2003 return the same results as the corresponding Microsoft Excel 2003 functions without the suffix. Use the functions without suffix to get results based on international standards.

### වාග් රීතිය

LCM_EXCEL2003(Number(s))

Number(s) is a list of up to 30 numbers.

### උදාහරණය

=LCM_EXCEL2003(5;15;25) returns 75.

## LN

Returns the natural logarithm based on the constant e of a number. The constant e has a value of approximately 2.71828182845904.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Number is the value whose natural logarithm is to be calculated.

### උදාහරණය

=LN(3) returns the natural logarithm of 3 (approximately 1.0986).

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

## LOG

Returns the logarithm of a number to the specified base.

### වාග් රීතිය

LOG(Number; Base)

Number is the value whose logarithm is to be calculated.

Base (optional) is the base for the logarithm calculation. If omitted, Base 10 is assumed.

### උදාහරණය

=LOG(10;3) returns the logarithm to base 3 of 10 (approximately 2.0959).

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.

## LOG10

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

LOG10(Number)

Returns the logarithm to base 10 of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=LOG10(5) returns the base-10 logarithm of 5 (approximately 0.69897).

## MOD

Returns the remainder when one integer is divided by another.

### වාග් රීතිය

MOD(Dividend; Divisor)

For integer arguments this function returns Dividend modulo Divisor, that is the remainder when Dividend is divided by Divisor.

This function is implemented as Dividend - Divisor * INT(Dividend/Divisor) , and this formula gives the result if the arguments are not integer.

### උදාහරණය

=MOD(22;3) returns 1, the remainder when 22 is divided by 3.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## MULTINOMIAL

Returns the factorial of the sum of the arguments divided by the product of the factorials of the arguments.

### වාග් රීතිය

MULTINOMIAL(Number(s))

Number(s) is a list of up to 30 numbers.

### උදාහරණය

=MULTINOMIAL(F11:H11) returns 1260, if F11 to H11 contain the values 2, 3 and 4. This corresponds to the formula =(2+3+4)! / (2!*3!*4!)

## PI

Returns 3.14159265358979, the value of the mathematical constant PI to 14 decimal places.

PI()

### උදාහරණය

=PI() returns 3.14159265358979.

## POWER

Returns a number raised to another number.

### වාග් රීතිය

POWER(Base; Exponent)

Returns Base raised to the power of Exponent.

The same result may be achieved by using the exponentiation operator ^:

Base^Exponent

### උදාහරණය

=POWER(4;3) returns 64, which is 4 to the power of 3.

=4^3 also returns 4 to the power of 3.

## PRODUCT

Multiplies all the numbers given as arguments and returns the product.

### වාග් රීතිය

PRODUCT(Number1; Number2; ...; Number30)

Number1 to 30 are up to 30 arguments whose product is to be calculated.

PRODUCT returns number1 * number2 * number3 * ...

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

## QUOTIENT

Returns the integer part of a division operation.

### වාග් රීතිය

QUOTIENT(Numerator; Denominator)

Returns the integer part of Numerator divided by Denominator.

QUOTIENT is equivalent to INT(numerator/denominator) for same-sign numerator and denominator, except that it may report errors with different error codes. More generally, it is equivalent to INT(numerator/denominator/SIGN(numerator/denominator))*SIGN(numerator/denominator).

### උදාහරණය

=QUOTIENT(11;3) returns 3. The remainder of 2 is lost.

### වාග් රීතිය

Number is the angle in degrees to be converted to radians.

### උදාහරණය

=RADIANS(90) returns 1.5707963267949, which is PI/2 to Calc's accuracy.

## RANDBETWEEN

Returns an integer random number in a specified range.

### වාග් රීතිය

RANDBETWEEN(Bottom; Top)

Returns an integer random number between integers Bottom and Top (both inclusive).

This function produces a new random number each time Calc recalculates. To force Calc to recalculate manually press Shift++F9.

To generate random numbers which never recalculate, copy cells containing this function, and use Edit - Paste Special (with Paste All and Formulas not marked and Numbers marked).

### උදාහරණය

=RANDBETWEEN(20;30) returns an integer of between 20 and 30.

## ROUND

Rounds a number to a certain number of decimal places.

### වාග් රීතිය

ROUND(Number; Count)

Returns Number rounded to Count decimal places. If Count is omitted or zero, the function rounds to the nearest integer. If Count is negative, the function rounds to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, etc.

This function rounds to the nearest number. See ROUNDDOWN and ROUNDUP for alternatives.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ROUND(-32.4834;3) returns -32.483. Change the cell format to see all decimals.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## ROUND

Returns a number rounded to the nearest multiple of another number.

### වාග් රීතිය

MROUND(Number; Multiple)

Returns Number rounded to the nearest multiple of Multiple.

An alternative implementation would be Multiple * ROUND(Number/Multiple).

### උදාහරණය

=MROUND(15.5;3) returns 15, as 15.5 is closer to 15 (= 3*5) than to 18 (= 3*6).

=MROUND(1.4;0.5) returns 1.5 (= 0.5*3).

## ROUNDDOWN

Rounds a number down, toward zero, to a certain precision.

### වාග් රීතිය

ROUNDDOWN(Number; Count)

Returns Number rounded down (towards zero) to Count decimal places. If Count is omitted or zero, the function rounds down to an integer. If Count is negative, the function rounds down to the next 10, 100, 1000, etc.

This function rounds towards zero. See ROUNDUP and ROUND for alternatives.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## ROUNDUP

Rounds a number up, away from zero, to a certain precision.

### වාග් රීතිය

ROUNDUP(Number; Count)

Returns Number rounded up (away from zero) to Count decimal places. If Count is omitted or zero, the function rounds up to an integer. If Count is negative, the function rounds up to the next 10, 100, 1000, etc.

This function rounds away from zero. See ROUNDDOWN and ROUND for alternatives.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

## SEC

Returns the secant of the given angle (in radians). The secant of an angle is equivalent to 1 divided by the cosine of that angle

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) secant of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the secant of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

### උදාහරණය

=SEC(PI()/4) returns approximately 1.4142135624, the inverse of the cosine of PI/4 radians.

=SEC(RADIANS(60)) returns 2, the secant of 60 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## SECH

Returns the hyperbolic secant of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic secant of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=SECH(0) returns 1, the hyperbolic secant of 0.

### Open file with example: ## SERIESSUM

Sums the first terms of a power series.

SERIESSUM(x;n;m;coefficients) = coefficient_1*x^n + coefficient_2*x^(n+m) + coefficient_3*x^(n+2m) +...+ coefficient_i*x^(n+(i-1)m)

### වාග් රීතිය

SERIESSUM(X; N; M; Coefficients)

X is the input value for the power series.

N is the initial power

M is the increment to increase N

Coefficients is a series of coefficients. For each coefficient the series sum is extended by one section.

## SQRT

Returns the positive square root of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the positive square root of Number.

Number must be positive.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=SQRT(-16) returns an invalid argument error.

## SQRTPI

Returns the square root of (PI times a number).

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the positive square root of (PI multiplied by Number).

This is equivalent to SQRT(PI()*Number).

### උදාහරණය

=SQRTPI(2) returns the squareroot of (2PI), approximately 2.506628.

## SUBTOTAL

Calculates subtotals. If a range already contains subtotals, these are not used for further calculations. Use this function with the AutoFilters to take only the filtered records into account.

### වාග් රීතිය

SUBTOTAL(Function; Range)

Function is a number that stands for one of the following functions:

 Function index (includes hidden values) Function index (ignores hidden values) ශ්‍රිත 1 101 AVERAGE 2 102 COUNT 3 103 COUNT 4 104 MAX 5 105 MIN 6 106 PRODUCT 7 107 STDEV 8 108 STDEVP 9 109 එකතුව 10 110 VAR 11 111 VARP

Use numbers 1-11 to include manually hidden rows or 101-111 to exclude them; filtered-out cells are always excluded.

Range කොටු අන්තර්ගත වන පරාසය මෙයයි.

### උදාහරණය

You have a table in the cell range A1:B6 containing a bill of material for 10 students. Row 2 (Pen) is manually hidden. You want to see the sum of the figures that are displayed; that is, just the subtotal for the filtered rows. In this case the correct formula would be:

 A B 1 ITEM QUANTITY 2 Pen 10 3 Pencil 10 4 Notebook 10 5 Rubber 10 6 Sharpener 10

=SUBTOTAL(9;B2:B6) returns 50.

=SUBTOTAL(109;B2:B6) returns 40.

## SUM

Adds all the numbers in a range of cells.

### වාග් රීතිය

SUM(Number1; Number2; ...; Number30)

Number 1 to Number 30 are up to 30 arguments whose sum is to be calculated.

### උදාහරණය

If you enter the numbers 2; 3 and 4 in the Number 1; 2 and 3 text boxes, 9 will be returned as the result.

=SUM(A1;A3;B5) calculates the sum of the three cells. =SUM (A1:E10) calculates the sum of all cells in the A1 to E10 cell range.

Conditions linked by AND can be used with the function SUM() in the following manner:

Example assumption: You have entered invoices into a table. Column A contains the date value of the invoice, column B the amounts. You want to find a formula that you can use to return the total of all amounts only for a specific month, e.g. only the amount for the period >=2008-01-01 to <2008-02-01. The range with the date values covers A1:A40, the range containing the amounts to be totaled is B1:B40. C1 contains the start date, 2008-01-01, of the invoices to be included and C2 the date, 2008-02-01, that is no longer included.

Enter the following formula as an array formula:

=SUM((A1:A40>=C1)*(A1:A40<C2)*B1:B40)

In order to enter this as an array formula, you must press the Shift+ Enter keys instead of simply pressing the Enter key to close the formula. The formula will then be shown in the Formula bar enclosed in braces.

{=SUM((A1:A40>=C1)*(A1:A40<C2)*B1:B40)}

The formula is based on the fact that the result of a comparison is 1 if the criterion is met and 0 if it is not met. The individual comparison results will be treated as an array and used in matrix multiplication, and at the end the individual values will be totaled to give the result matrix.

## SUMIF

Adds the cells specified by a given criteria. This function is used to browse a range when you search for a certain value.

The search supports regular expressions. You can enter "all.*", for example to find the first location of "all" followed by any characters. If you want to search for a text that is also a regular expression, you must precede every character with a \ character. You can switch the automatic evaluation of regular expression on and off in - LibreOffice Calc - Calculate.

### වාග් රීතිය

SUMIF(Range; Criteria; SumRange)

Range is the range to which the criteria are to be applied.

Criteria is the cell in which the search criterion is shown, or the search criterion itself. If the criteria is written into the formula, it has to be surrounded by double quotes.

SumRange is the range from which values are summed. If this parameter has not been indicated, the values found in the Range are summed. SUMIF supports the reference concatenation operator (~) only in the Criteria parameter, and only if the optional SumRange parameter is not given.

### උදාහරණය

To sum up only negative numbers: =SUMIF(A1:A10;"<0")

=SUMIF(A1:A10;">0";B1:10) - sums values from the range B1:B10 only if the corresponding values in the range A1:A10 are >0.

See COUNTIF() for some more syntax examples that can be used with SUMIF().

## SUMSQ

If you want to calculate the sum of the squares of numbers (totaling up of the squares of the arguments), enter these into the text fields.

### වාග් රීතිය

SUMSQ(Number1; Number2; ...; Number30)

Number1 to 30 are up to 30 arguments the sum of whose squares is to be calculated.

### උදාහරණය

If you enter the numbers 2; 3 and 4 in the Number 1; 2 and 3 text boxes, 29 is returned as the result.

## TAN

Returns the tangent of the given angle (in radians).

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) tangent of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the tangent of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

### උදාහරණය

=TAN(PI()/4) returns 1, the tangent of PI/4 radians.

=TAN(RADIANS(45)) returns 1, the tangent of 45 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## TAN

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=TANH(0) returns 0, the hyperbolic tangent of 0.

### Open file with example: ## TRUNC

Truncates a number by removing decimal places.

### වාග් රීතිය

TRUNC(Number; Count)

Returns Number with at most Count decimal places. Excess decimal places are simply removed, irrespective of sign.

TRUNC(Number; 0) behaves as INT(Number) for positive numbers, but effectively rounds towards zero for negative numbers. The visible decimal places of the result are specified in - LibreOffice Calc - Calculate.

### උදාහරණය

=TRUNC(1.239;2) returns 1.23. The 9 is lost.

=TRUNC(-1.234999;3) returns -1.234. All the 9s are lost.

## ඔත්තේ

ධන සංඛ්‍යාවක් ඉහලින් ඇති ආසන්නතම ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයටත්, ඍණ සංඛ්‍යාවක් ආසන්නතම පහලින් ඇති ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයටත් වටයනු ලැබෙයි.

### වාග් රීතිය

ඔත්තේ(සංඛ්‍යාව)

ආපසු එවුම සංඛ්‍යාව ඉහලින් ඇති බින්දුවෙන් ඈත ඊ ලඟ ඔත්තේ නිඛිලයට වටයයි.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(1.2) 3 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(1) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=ODD(-3.1) -5 ආපසු එවයි.

## සලකුණ

Returns the inverse trigonometric sine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse trigonometric sine of Number, that is the angle (in radians) whose sine is Number. The angle returned is between -PI/2 and +PI/2.

To return the angle in degrees, use the DEGREES function.

### උදාහරණය

=ODD(0) 1 ආපසු එවයි.

=DEGREES(ASIN(0.5)) returns 30. The sine of 30 degrees is 0.5.

### Open file with example: ## සලකුණ

Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

This function returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of Number, that is the number whose hyperbolic sine is Number.

### උදාහරණය

=ASINH(-90) returns approximately -5.1929877.

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.

### Open file with example: ## සලකුණ

Returns the sine of the given angle (in radians).

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the (trigonometric) sine of Number, the angle in radians.

To return the sine of an angle in degrees, use the RADIANS function.

### උදාහරණය

=SIN(PI()/2) returns 1, the sine of PI/2 radians.

=SIN(RADIANS(30)) returns 0.5, the sine of 30 degrees.

### Open file with example: ## සලකුණ

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

Returns the hyperbolic sine of Number.

### උදාහරණය

=SINH(0) returns 0, the hyperbolic sine of 0.

### Open file with example: ## සලකුණ

සංඛ්‍යාවක සලකුණ ආපසු එවයි. සංඛ්‍යාව ධන නම් 1 ආපසු එවයි. සංඛ්‍යාව ඍණ නම් -1ත් සංඛ්‍යාව 0 නම් 0ත් ආපසු එවයි.

### වාග් රීතිය

SIGN (සංඛ්‍යාව)

සංඛ්‍යාව මෙය සළකුණ සොයා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය සංඛ්‍යාවයි.

### උදාහරණය

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.

=SIGN(3.4) returns 1.