# Logical Functions

This category contains the Logical functions.

### Handling non-logical arguments in logical functions

• Zero (0) is equivalent to FALSE and all other numbers are equivalent to TRUE.

• Empty cells and text in cells are ignored.

• A #VALUE error is raised if all arguments are ignored.

• A #VALUE error is raised if one argument is direct text (not text in a cell).

• Errors as argument lead to an error.

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Insert - Function - Category Logical

## IF

Kannar hvort skilyrði sé uppfært og skilar einu gildi ef SATT og öðru gildi ef ÓSATT.

### Notkun

IF(Test; ThenValue; OtherwiseValue)

Test is any value or expression that can be TRUE or FALSE.

ThenValue (optional) is the value that is returned if the logical test is TRUE.

OtherwiseValue (optional) is the value that is returned if the logical test is FALSE.

In the LibreOffice Calc functions, parameters marked as "optional" can be left out only when no parameter follows. For example, in a function with four parameters, where the last two parameters are marked as "optional", you can leave out parameter 4 or parameters 3 and 4, but you cannot leave out parameter 3 alone.

### Dæmi

=IF(A1>5;100;"too small") If the value in A1 is higher than 5, the value 100 is entered in the current cell; otherwise, the text “too small” (without quotes) is entered.

## NOT

Complements (inverts) a logical value.

### Notkun

NOT(LogicalValue)

LogicalValue is any value to be complemented.

### Dæmi

=NOT(A). If A=TRUE then NOT(A) will evaluate FALSE.

## OG

Returns TRUE if all arguments are TRUE. If one of the elements is FALSE, this function returns the FALSE value.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

### Notkun

AND(LogicalValue1; LogicalValue2 ...LogicalValue30)

LogicalValue1; LogicalValue2 ...LogicalValue30 are conditions to be checked. All conditions can be either TRUE or FALSE. If a range is entered as a parameter, the function uses all values of the range. The result is TRUE if the logical value in all cells within the cell range is TRUE.

### Dæmi

The logical values of entries 12<13; 14>12, and 7<6 are to be checked:

=AND(12<13;14>12;7<6) skilar ÓSATT.

=AND (FALSE;TRUE) skilar ÓSATT.

## OR

Returns TRUE if at least one argument is TRUE. This function returns the value FALSE, if all the arguments have the logical value FALSE.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

### Notkun

OR(LogicalValue1; LogicalValue2 ...LogicalValue30)

LogicalValue1; LogicalValue2 ...LogicalValue30 are conditions to be checked. All conditions can be either TRUE or FALSE. If a range is entered as a parameter, the function uses all values of the range.

### Dæmi

The logical values of entries 12<11; 13>22, and 45=45 are to be checked.

=OR(12<11;13>22;45=45) skilar SATT.

=OR(FALSE;TRUE) skilar SATT.

## SATT

The logical value is set to TRUE. The TRUE() function does not require any arguments, and always returns the logical value TRUE.

TRUE()

### Dæmi

If A=TRUE and B=FALSE the following examples appear:

=AND(A;B) skilar ÓSATT

=OR(A;B) skilar SATT

=NOT(AND(A;B)) skilar SATT

## XOR

Returns true if an odd number of arguments evaluates to TRUE.

The arguments are either logical expressions themselves (TRUE, 1<5, 2+3=7, B8<10) that return logical values, or arrays (A1:C3) containing logical values.

### Notkun

XOR(LogicalValue1; LogicalValue2 ...LogicalValue30)

### Dæmi

=XOR(TRUE;TRUE) skilar ÓSATT

=XOR(TRUE;TRUE;TRUE) skilar SATT

=XOR(FALSE;TRUE) skilar SATT

## ÓSATT

Returns the logical value FALSE. The FALSE() function does not require any arguments, and always returns the logical value FALSE.

FALSE()

### Dæmi

=FALSE() skilar ÓSATT

=NOT(FALSE()) skilar SATT